Pueblo County, Colorado
Pueblo News 1860's

Page contributed by Karen Mitchell, news items contributed by Pueblo County Volunteers.
These news items are being extracted from the local newspapers. They are in chronological order. To search for any given name use your browers "Find" button.


Colorado Weekly Chieftain, June 1, 1868 A Mysterious Murder. On the 11th instant the town of Trinidad was thrown into commotion by the announcement that the body of a murdered man had been found near the Apishapa - about twenty miles out.  Justice McCormick immediately summoned a corner's (sic) jury and proceeded to the spot, where they found the body of an American supposed to have been between 30 and 35 years of age, dark brown hair, about 5 feet 8 inches high, and supposed to have weighed 150 or 160 pounds.  The body looks to have been dead one or two months.  His skull was fractured in the right parietal region - no other wounds could be discovered.  He was found in a deep arroyo, partially covered with weeds and earth.  No papers were found on his body that would give the slightest clue to his name.  Who the perpetrator of the foul deed was, remains a profound mystery.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, June 1, 1868 Death of Kit Carson. The melancholy intelligence reaches us that Gen. Kit Carson is no more.  He died at his residence on the Las Animas, on the 24th inst., of disease of the heart.  General Carson was a Kentuckian by birth, removed early in life to the State of Missouri, and while yet a mere boy became a wanderer on the vast plains of the then unknown regions of the West.  From about the age of seventeen years until fifty, he lived the life of a hunter, trader and trapper.  He early explored and became familiar with the mountains and plains from the Missouri to the Pacific ocean.  During all those years of his wild life, he was constantly exposed to every hardship and danger.  Sometimes making his home with some tribe of the Indians and assisting them in their wars against other tribes.  Sometimes employed as a trapper by some mountain trader - sometimes trading on his own account between New Mexico and California.  His home was always the wilderness, and danger was his constant companion.  Unaided by the advantages of education or patronage, by the force of indomitable energy and will, by chivalrous courage, by tireless labor and self-denial he rose step by step until his name had become as familiar to the American people as a household word.  He stood pre-eminent among the path-finders and founders of empire in the Great West, and his long career, ennobled by hardship and danger, is unsullied by the record of a littleness or meanness.  He was nature's model of a gentleman.  Kindly of heart, tolerant to all men, good in virtues of disposition rather than great in qualities of mind, he has passed away - dying as through his life-long he had lived - in peace and charity with all men, and leaving behind him a name and memory to be cherished by his countrymen so long as modesty, valor, unobtrusive worth, charity and true chivalry survive among men.  Of his precise age we are not advised, but judge he was very near sixty years of age.  He leaves children of a tender age to mourn his loss.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, June 1, 1868 Assorted Items

Copies of the CHIEFTAIN can be had at this office, at twenty-five cents each.

COOL. - Ice for sale by E. Weston.

Captain Holloway is expected home in a day or two from Washington.

Reports from the Cimarron mines are still favorable.

A. B. Ingols', F street, Denver, is the place to get native jewelry made to order.

The great depot for dry goods in, Denver, is the New York Store, of Deitsch & Bro.

Rev. Mr. Winslow, the regular Episcopal pastor here, is teaching a select school for young ladies in Canon City.

Bishop Randall, of the Episcopal Church is expected here on next Sunday to hold confirmation services.

There is a much larger growth of grass and other native vegetation this year than last.

The new "People's Drug Store," in Denver, by Steinhauer & Walbrach, is getting a large run of trade.

It rains on the Wet Mountains almost every day.  Weather is warm and the Arkansas is getting too high to ford.

Deitsch & Brother, Denver, pay the highest price for WOOL, in goods or cash.

Smokers should try those Virginia smoking tobaccos at J. Rice's new Tobacco Store, Pueblo.  See card in another column.

Harry Pickard has commenced an enlargement of his popular hotel - the Pueblo House - in order to meet the increasing demands of his business.

M. D. Thatcher received nineteen heavy wagon loads of freight on Friday last.  He has now a splendid stock of goods.

Lake county is attracting a large number of miners this year, and we think it destined to be the best mining region in the Territory.

Mr. James Rice has opened a splendid stock of tobacco, cigars, pipes, &e., &e., opposite the Postoffice.  Mr. Rice is a liberal advertiser and well deserves a liberal patronage.

Messrs. Wildeboar & Gilman have placed a row of pine boughs in front of the awning of their popular restaurant.  They make a delightful shade.  The idea is a capital one.

We notice that a good many hogs are running at large on our streets in violations of the statutes.  Their presence in the streets is a nuisance that ought to be abated.  Why is not the law enforced?

From the ranch of Col. W. Craig of Mermosilla (Hermosilla?), we acknowledge the receipt of a nice mess of radishes, cucumbers and green peas, grown in his greenhouse.  Do do again, Colonel.

We call attention to the advertisement of S. F. Nuckolls _______ ______nne, who is doing apparently the largest business in the line of general merchandising of any business house in that "magic city."

George W. Kassler & Co., on Blake street, keep a stock of choice cigars and tobaccos, as well as stationery, newspapers and periodicals.  This is the popular _______________ the Denver Bohemian__________.

Messrs. Snyder & Thombs, of the Pueblo Drug Store, have just received from some bible house a large consignment of bibles, which they propose to retail at eastern wholesale prices - 15 cents to 3,50 each.  The "bibleless" can here be applied with the gospel at no great sacrifice of "the root of all evil."

Mr. J. O. Dimmich, of the Star Ranch, on the Las Animas, cheered our sanctum with his smiling countenance, on the 23d ult.  He informed us that  Mr. Jacob Beard, an old and well-known citizen of Southern Colorado, has returned from the States, where he purchased machinery for a new flouring mill to be erected on the Rio Las Animas, near Trinidad.

The Democrats of Pueblo county held convention on the 13th instant, and chose the following named persons as delegates to the Territorial Democratic Convention, to meet in Denver on the 3d of June, viz: M. Anker, Wilbur F. Stone, J. M. Branneman, P. K. Dotson, M. Beshoar, Lewis Barnum, Robt. Bagsby, M. Steel, Matt. Riddlebarger and Milton Pollard.

Among improvements lately commenced in our town, we noticed a large warehouse for M. D. Thatcher, Esq., and an equally capacious building for the same purpose by Rettburg & Bartels, between their store and Anker's.  H. C. Thatcher, Esq., is also creating a new law office on Santa Fe Avenue, and J. E. (F.?) Smith, Esq. a capacious blacksmith shop on the first cross street above Anker's.

Our friend W. R. Thomas, associate editor and traveling agent of the Denver News, called on us yesterday morning.  Mr. Thomas while canvassing for his paper is also collecting important statistics of the Territory.

The Pie Nie on Saturday was a pleasant affair.  The day was beautiful and about two o'clock p.m., nearly the whole town turned out and wagons, carriages, baby-carts, and pedestrians proceeded across the bridge to Holloway's Grove, in the beautiful meadow opposite town, and spent a gay afternoon; had an elegant repast, three swings and other amusements for old and young and all returned feeling they had spent a pleasant summer afternoon, out here in "the Great American Desert."

Most prominent among our Trinidad advertisements is that of Davis & Barraelough.  We have known these young men long and intimately and take pleasure in recommending them to our readers as straightforward, thorough business men.  They have a full assortment of general merchandise which they sell at prices as low as the lowest.  Citizens of Las Animas, "pilgrims," freighters and travelers who require anything in their line will find it their advantage to call on Davis & Barraelough.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, June 1, 1868 The Telegraph Has Come.

The line of the Denver and Santa Fe Telegraph Company was completed to this place on Friday last, and marks a new era in the improvements of Pueblo.  The old familiar sight of the long line of poles stretching away through valley, over hill and across broad mesas, till lost to sight in the dim distance, recalls the memories of other days, and yet seen here for the first time, where a short time since Indians and trappers camped in the sage brush and bartered their beaver skins, seems marvellous and dreamlike.  We seem to be near the "old folks at home," for these pine poles and the bit of wire.

An office has been opened here in the Drug Store, which as it is also contains the Post office, is the most suitable place for it in town.  Mr. Woodward is here superintending the erection of the line and the opening of the office here.  The first communication received over the wire to Denver was obtained at 4:30 on Saturday, and on Sunday morning we received the first through news dispatches, which will be found in another place.  All hail to the telegraph, say we, and so say all.

Our Advertising Patrons. - By reference to our advertising columns it will be seen that we have almost everything in our young town in the way of goods, business, and trade, that can be found anywhere in the Territory, or indeed in any of the States.

M. D. Thatcher, M. Anker, Kastor & Berry, and Reitberg & Bartels, have large stocks, at wholesale and retail, of groceries, dry goods, clothing and hardware in quality and quantity to supply the whole country south of the Divide, and we trust at reduced prices.  We don't know whether they trust or not; go and see.

N. Nusbaum has a large and fine assortment of ladies' goods, of every description, and very cheap for cash.

Drs. Snyder & Thombs keep an elegant stock of drugs, oils, paints, fancy goods, notions, and late papers and pictorials.

James Rice, who has lately gone into business here, has opened a cigar and tobacco store adjoining the Planters' House, where the weed in all its forms, shapes and qualities can be found by those who want either to smoke or chew.

Cooper Bros. & Co. have shown a commendable enterprise in opening a house of tinware and stoves - with a workshop in connection, where one can get all kinds of work and repairing done, in tin and sheet-iron ware.

The Pueblo flouring mills, of Thatchers & Baxter, are too well known to require special description and notice, more than to say that it is perhaps the best institution of the kind in the Territory.

Charley Peck (Peek?) keeps the City Meat Market; and though he pays for all the cattle he slaughters, he keeps the best quality and don't charge extra on that account.  Fresh milk, also, every morning, from his dairy.

The Pueblo Brewery turns out beer by the keg and bottle, which connoiseurs from Denver pronounce superior to anything of the kind in Platte valley.

"The river is up, and the tide is strong," but William H. Young has a bridge over the Arkansas, here at town, which is substantial, high and dry, and the only one across the river in the Territory.  He has also nearly completed one across the Fontaine, above town.

In the house carpenter and cabinet line, Beach & Flinn, Bartlett & Graves, M. M. Giles, and J. Stokes, are always on hand, and their works about town speak for themselves.  Mr. Stokes is a first class mill-wright and draftsman.

The Planters' House is a popular hotel, and well deserves the reputation.  Hiney knows his biz.  Harry Pickard keeps the Pueblo House, and he's "on it" - we mean hotel keeping - you bet.  Everybody knows Harry - if they don't they ought to.

The Restaurant of Wildeboor & Gilman is an institution of itself.  Just think of it; shades of John Howard and William Pitt Bacon; a first class restaurant in Pueblo, where Jack Allen once ruled the roast.  Jake keeps every delicacy.

Donnelly & Pegg do the painting, and they can paint equal to a ball-room belle or a Cheyenne warrior - all colors, and it "looks purty, too."

W. E. Bramball (Bramhall?) has lately come to town and opened a tailor shop, which is a good thing.  He has bespoken the services of A. J. to do journey work when he is impeached out of the White House. 

Peter Lagotri runs a boot and shoe shop, and makes them to fit and to last, too.  We couldn't do without him.

Ed Smith is not only a smith by name but a smith by trade, and a blacksmith at that; but he's a white blacksmith, you bet.  He's building a new shop, too, up town.

Mr. C. J. Hart has a harness and saddle shop over by the telegraph pole (?) there, and for good work and quickly done he can't be beat in Colorado; so don't be growling around because your harness has broke or your saddle busted, and don't go hiring a cheap Mexican to whang it up with raw-hide, for Hart will mend it decently or make you a new one.

"Boys, let's take something."  "Where will we get it?"  "Where? you haven't been in this country for ten years, have you?  Why, at George Hall's, of course.  George Hall's El Progresso saloon and billiard hall are historical.  'More as tell thousand peoples' have been - O, pshaw; _______________ ice in mine, George." 

As to lawyers, there's Judge Bradford, Governor Hinsdale, and Stone and Thatcher - who both expect to be Judges and Governors some day - all of whom regret to see people accessitated to go to law; but, "when in the course of human events it becomes necessary," take pleasure - in proportion to the fee - in guiding the litigants through the intricate labyrynths of the courts.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, June 1, 1868 Quite an interesting habeas corpus case enlivened the office of the Probate Judge the other day.  A Dutchman of the Tentonic (?) origin had intermarried with a fair Mexican maiden of Castillian descent and for more than a year the twain had lived and loved all on the banks of the classic "Warfino," and nothing ad interim had come between them except a boy baby.  From some cause, however, the old folks didn't take kindly to their Tentonic son-in-law, and induced their daughter - only fourteen years old - to return to the parental dirt roof and _____ hearthstone where for two weary months, either ri et aracis (?), or by moral suasion, she and the infant muchacho have been kept, as the husband and father verily believes, in duress, and restrained of their personal liberty and desire to return to his bed and board, in violation of magna charta and what not.  So the bereaved husband came to town and took legal counsel of Stone and Thatcher, attorneys, who immediately sued out a writ of habeas corpus before his Honor Judge Bradford of the Probate court, to get possession for the husband of his "frow" and child.  The writ was served on the "cruel parents" who forthwith retained to defend them Macdonald, the pertinacious Scotch barrister of Doyle's ranch, and the whole out-fit _________ mounted in Mexican style - ________ and man behind - on ____________.  An interesting ______________ scene ________ (section covered with tape marks…) weeping wife __________ the rude grasp of her _______________ had fallen sobbing into the arms _______ (beer) loving Hans and the baby should have joined in an ecstatic chorus of broken Dutch and Spanish triumph.  But, alas! Romance had to yield before the stern and prosaic rigor of legal technicalities.  The Judge, after hearing learned arguments of counsel, decided that he had not jurisdiction of the case.  And there was no other Judge in the whole Southern half of Colorado who did have jurisdiction.  So the old Spanish father remounted his sheepskin-saddled and raw-hide-caparisoned burro, and taking his daughter astride in front of (him) with her infant picturesquely indulging in its favorite "grub" at the breast, and followed by the rest of the cavalcade, just as the sun was sinking low in the Wet Mountains and casting long shadows in the vales of Hardscrabble and Mace's Hole, rode triumphantly off with the "maiden all forlorn" while he whom she had married "all tattered and torn," proceeded mournfully to George Hall's saloon and forthwith took a large sized ("crumpled) horn," and continued to do so until like the Priest in "House that Jack Built," he was "all shaven and shorn" of all his little greenbacks, and he left town the next morning sadly but philosophically with a bottle of "Impeachment Bitters" in his pocket about the time the "cock crowed in the morn," and sought the quiet vale of Huerfano all for _______________  and wait for __________.

Lynching The Horse Thieves.
In another item we give an account of the stealing of four horses belonging to Mr. Lewis Conley, of this county, and the escape and pursuit of the theives.  Since writing the item alluded to, we have received further news of the affair.  The pursuing party returned on Thursday morning, bringing in the horses.  It seems the thieves were tracked as far as Chico creek, going down the Arkansas, and there the trail was lost sight of; but for good reasons it was thought they had gone down the river, Statesward; and so the pursuing party pushed on, traveling night and day.  When they arrived at Fort Lyon, they learned that the thieves had passes there, from a description given of the men and horses.  General Penrose, who is not at all partial to horse thieves, furnished fresh horses and a squad of soldiers to the pursuers, who thus re-inforced pushed on and overtook the two men, about fifty miles below Fort Lyon.  The fugitives were immediately taken into custody, without resistance which they saw would be useless.

A "high court of impeachment" was summarily improvised, and the prisoners were called on to plead to the charges brought by the "managers."  They made a full confession of the crime: gaves their names as Charles Watson and Frank Hudson; that they had hired to Mr. Conley in Denver, about two months ago; that they were deserters from the army; that they now expected their fate, and seemed indifferent as to what might be.

We might, by giving romantic details, make a sensational story for eastern papers, as to the fate of these two scalawags; but we choose simply to say that without loss of time, or expensive preparations, they were hanged to the limb of a "noble old cottonwood" until they were dead.  Such is the retributive justice meted out to this class of border ruffians.

Our governors have lately been exercising the pardoning power rather extensively and promiscuously among the prisoners in the Platte valley jails, and modifying the precedent somewhat, car (?) "executives" of the Arkansas valley - for the purpose of making horse-stealing (as well as treason) "odious" - simply remit the penalty of imprisonment - in advance.

If Hepworth Dixon wishes to perpetrate another book on Colorado, we will furnish him this item gratis.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, June 11, 1868 There is frequently no little curiosity in the minds of eastern people to know something about the settlements and towns that are constantly springing up in this new western country, which until recently was untrodden by the foot of civilized man.  But yesterday we looked abroad and saw an immense tract of uncultivated land.  The valleys were fertile, inviting the farmer to till the soil and reap a bountiful harvest.  The hillsides were covered with the richest and most nutritious herbage, suggesting to the grazier that millions of cattle might be reared - there with but little expense.  The air was balmy and invigorating, offering health to those who should breath it.  Meandering down the mountain sides and through the valleys were cool and refreshing streams, furnishing water to slake the thirst of man and beast, or to propel the mightiest machinery.  Yet save a few Indian tents and wigwams scattered here and there at a great distance from each other, not a single human habitation was to be seen over the broad scope of country.
      To-day, the scene is changed. The busy hum of industry is heard on every side.  Toiling thousands of energetic spirits are at work.  At their command villages and farm houses rise; lands hitherto uncultivated wave with golden grain, and the hill-sides are covered with lowing herds.  Everything indicates the presence and power of civilized man.  The hand of the enterprising pioneer, more potent than a magician's wand, has wrought this mighty change.  All these transitions, as wonderful as they appear, are but the every-day occurrences of the wonderful west. 
      The town of Pueblo with the country surrounding it, so recently reclaimed from the untutored savage, is one of the numerous illustrations of the continued, rapid, and permanent growth.  Situated on the left bank of the Arkansas river, in the midst of the finest agricultural and grazing region of Colorado, it is adapted by nature to become a large town.  It already commands an immense and constantly increasing trade.  Whilst it may be true that "God made the country and man made the town," it is equally true that man never has made a town of any considerable size or importance unless nature's God first prepared the way and made its existence possible and necessary.  No one would look for rich and tropical fruits near the north pole; as little should any one expect to find a thrifty, populous town in an isolated and destitute locality without a country around it to feed, nourish and support it.  Pueblo has such a country around it.  It is already the commercial metropolis of Southern Colorado.  Nature designed that it should be so.  It is located on the Arkansas river, a stream which perennially affords the most ample water power for the propulsion of machinery or for the purposes of irrigation.  It is in the midst of the richest agricultural and grazing region in Colorado.  It is situated on the great highway between Santa Fe and Denver.
     These, and many other natural advantages that might be enumerated, imperatively demand that there should be a town just where Pueblo is, to control and direct the energies of the surrounding country, to furnish provisions and supplies for the producing classes, and likewise to afford them a market for their commodities.
      A glance at the products of Pueblo county alone for the last year will indicate faintly some of Pueblo's resources.  There were produced during the past year in Pueblo county three hundred thousand bushels of corn, and one hundred thousand bushels of wheat - to say nothing of the oats, buckwheat and barley.  There were owned in the county twelve thousand head of cattle; twenty thousand head of sheep, and two thousand hogs.  Not less than four thousand gallons of wine of no ordinary quality were manufactured from our native grape, which grows so luxuriantly along our streams.  We hazard nothing in predicting that when the process of making wine comes to be better understood by our people the numerous vineyards that will dot the Arkansas valley will constitute no inconsiderable source of Southern Colorado's wealth.
      Eighteen months ago, and there were scarcely seventy-five inhabitants in Pueblo; now, its population is but little less than five hundred souls.  During A. D. 1867, the business and trade amounted to $400,000 - and all this, the result of a normal and legitimate growth and development.  Even as we write this article, the stroke of the carpenter's hammer and the sound of his saw are heard on every hand; business houses and private residences are rising all around us to meet the demands of an increasing trade and a growing population.  Not galvanized into a spasmodio existence by crafty speculators or a moneyed monopoly, not of an artificial, but rather of a natural growth necessitated by the vast stretch of agricultural and pastoral land environing it -- Pueblo stands forth to-day with bright prospects of a permanent and prosperous future.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, June 11, 1868 At the regular annual meeting of this School District, held at the Court House on yesterday afternoon, the following district officers were elected for the ensuing year, viz: Wilbur F. Stone, president; Charles D. Peck, treasurer, and John D. Miller, secretary.

The prevailing religion at Trinidad is Catholic.

A new church is in process of erection in Canon City.

Several new buildings have started up, the past few days, about town.

Why don't somebody start a brick-yard here?  Dobes are good, but bricks are better.

Fort Lyon boasts of a small church organ, and has occasional services of the Episcopal sort.

We need a big hydraulic ram to butt water up into town.  A little wet wether would help us some.

The Rev. Mr. Murray will hold the regular quarterly meeting of the Methodist Church in this place on next Sunday.

The weather has been dry for a month, and the crops, as well as grass, need rain badly.  No grasshoppers yet.

Yesterday was the hottest day of the season.  The thermometer stood at 96 in the shade at 3 p.m.

Rev. J. L. Dyer, the delegate in the Chicago Methodist conference, and elder of this part of the Territory, has returned.

Don't pass through Trinidad without calling on Davis & Barraclough, dealers in groceries, provisions, and everything else.

For native jewelry, American or Mexican styles, go to A. B. Ingols, corner of F and Holladay streets, nearly opposite Tappan's Block, Denver, Colorado.

The Denver and Santa Fe stage company are building a new large barn near the old river bank in the southeast part of town.

Billy Carlile and John Warner are erecting a large barn with feed and livery stables and a mammoth corral attachment.

Wild currants are big enough for tarts already, on the bushes, and there will soon be train loads of this convenient little fruit.

The small boys are amusing themselves now-a-days fishing in the Arkansas with good success, and fat grubs are in demand in the juvenile bait market.

Lieut. J. W. Thomas, 3d C. S. Infantry, was in town from Fort Lyon last week.  The Lieutenant is a genial gentleman, and one of the most popular officers of the army.

We learn from the Denver Tribune that the Colorado annual conference will meet at Golden city the 19th of this month, and that Bishop Simpson is to be there to preside.

Mr. Geo. Ebbetts, of Winnebago county, Illinois, gave us a call, on Tuesday.  He is out on a trip for the purpose of visiting his friends and seeing the country.

To Appear In Our Next. - The advertisements of Hense & Cottesleben, jewelers, and the Northern Freighting Company, D. Tom Smith, superintendent.

C. M. Schuyer advertises the Colorado Cigar Manufactory.  He makes an excellent cigar - good enough for General Grant or "any other man."  We have tried them.  "Go there and do likewise."

Harper, Wait & Co. advertise their well-known hardware store.  They have a very extensive assortment of the best in their line and sell cheap.  They sell the famous Charter Oak cooking stoves.

For Rent. - A good one-and-a-half story adobe dwelling, containing two rooms, kitchen, garret and cellar.  Good stabling on the premises.  Apply to Rettbero & Bartels.

August Kraatz notifies the public through our advertising columns, that he has opened a furniture store in Denver.  He advertises articles that almost every housekeeper needs.  Patronize Kraatz.

E. H. Collins, Denver, is the place to get your fancy painting done - anything from a common sign to a beautiful landscape.  We have seen some of his work and were charmed with its beauty and surprised at his low charges.  Read his advertisement in another column.

We are pleased to learn that Early & Co. are opening, in Tappan's Block, Denver, and will be prepared in a few days to vend all descriptions of queensware, glassware, etc., etc., on better terms than such goods have ever been sold, heretofore, in the Territories.  Their advertisement will appear next week.

Ye gay and festive tailor-man has left us.  Andy wasn't impeached, but our joker of the goose was, and departed in prudent haste.  He failed in trying to carry off a town lot with him, but at last accounts everything was lovely and his cast-iron, web-footed female gander was altitudinously suspended.

Miss Lizzie Fraser, who has for some weeks past been engaged in introducing into this part of the territory the popular Singer sewing machine, left for the east last evening.  Miss Fraser found in Southern Colorado an excellent field for her enterprise, and we learn that she has been very successful during her short stay here.  Our lady friends will be pleased to know that she expects to return soon and bring with her a large stock of machines.

As an illustration of what we are capable of producing in the Arkansas valley, we mention that Patterson, one of our cattle dealers sold last week a large lot of beef cattle to Mr. Iliff (?), another noted dealer, for twenty thousand dollars, cash down.  Patterson had a few days previously made a delivery of cattle to other parties, for ten thousand dollars.

It was Major James A. Casey, in command at Fort Lyon in the absence of General Penrose, who sent out reinforcements in aid of the citizens in pursuit of the horse thieves we gave an account of last week, and it was Captain Berry, the gallant and rollicking "Charley O'Malley" of the 7th Cavalry, who went in pursuit and captured the "vags."  Whenever Captain B. goes for anything he fetches it.  How about that "abduction," Captain?

There is to be a large party and ball with supper and accompaniments on the Friday evening, July 3d.  The dance will be in the old Kezer Hall, over Thatcher's store and a general invitation is extended.  It is to be got up by Harry Pickard, and we doubt not from Harry's experience heretofore in such matters that it will be a grand affair, and a lively time may be anticipated.  The supper will be given at the Pueblo House.

Sensible. - The small adobe buildings erected for the purpose of holding lots, are under par.  Their owners are having them removed, and are creating in their stead large and commodious buildings.  Kastor & Berry have razed to the ground the "claim cabin" on their lot, and are busily engaged in constructing on the site thereof a business house that will be a credit to our rising metropolis.  May others go and do likewise.

Peter K. Dotson, of the upper St. Charles, has on hand about 8,000 bushels of wheat of last year's raising, which he is about to sell at four cents per pound.  This will bring the snug little sum of over $1,000.  He has already sold a thousand bushels of the same crop.  O, no, it don't pay to farm in Colorado; it's Vermont, perhaps, where you get your money back in this way.  Besides farming, Pete runs a saw-mill, and is quite a stock grower.  He says he is going to put his grain into hogs, hereafter.

We call attention to the fact that those in want of fruit and ornamental trees can now be supplied by Messrs. Plummer, Blaisdell & Co., agents for the well-known Commercial Nurseries of Rochester, New York.  All trees sold by these gentlemen are warranted to be in good order on delivery, and printed instructions how to plant, prune and cultivate the same will be furnished to all who desire them.  Read the advertisement, and call on Mr. Blaisdell, or his agent, Mr. Hiney, at the Planters House, and leave your orders.

Religious. - The largest audience we have ever seen at church in Pueblo was assembled on last Sunday at the Court House, where services of the Episcopal church were held by Rev. Mr. Winslow.  This increased attendance upon Divine service is a hopeful indication of the mending moral sentiment of the town.  The ___ Rev. Bishop Randall, will hold services here the third Sunday in this month, and designs also to take immediate steps to build a neat and commodious chapel for worship.  We hope he will be aided in this work, and that other churches will be erected and sustained.

Hanauer, Salomon & Co. speak through our columns this week.  This is an old established house, long and favorably known.  There are none in their line of business more deserving than they.

Yesterday afternoon Mr. Hersacker, the telegraph operator received a message over the wires from Mr. Woodward, Apishpa creek, twenty-five miles this side of Trinidad, this being as far as the line is up, owing to delay caused by non-delivery of poles.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, June 18, 1868 Estray Notice.
Notice is hereby given that on the 6th day of June A. D., 1868, the following described cattle, to-wit:
One black cow, with a white spot in her forehead, with a calf two weeks old; said cow is about twelve years old, and branded "K. W." on left hip, and "S." on the right;
One red cow, with a roan calf; said cow is about six years old branded "W. S." on the left hip, and "S." on the right;
One roan cow, about seven years old, with no brands;
Were taken up as estrays, by Ferdinand Spilicke, on his ranche, four miles below Pueblo, on the Arkansas river, in Pueblo county, Colorado Territory.  The owner, or owners, are requested to appear, prove property, and pay charges. 
J.D. Miller, County Clerk.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, June 18, 1868 A Word To Capitalists  
       Southern Colorado was first settled by a class of men industrious, active and enterprising, but without capital other than active brains and stout hearts.  Under depressing influences such as rarely beset a young community, they have accomplished wonders in developing the resources of the country.  They have made the country self-sustaining, and many are reaping the just rewards of their self-denial and hardship underwent at an early day, and are little inclined to invest their surplus means in new enterprises.  To the latter class, as well as to capitalists abroad, we wish to make a plain statement of a few facts for the purpose of calling their attention to certain fields of enterprise in our Territory, now unoccupied, but which promise rich returns to those who shall first occupy them.   
      There are in the counties drained by the Arkansas river and its tributaries, and in that portion of the valley of the Rio Grande within our Territory, not less than 200,000 head of sheep, and the number is increasing at a rapid ratio.  The average value of wool does not exceed ten to twelve cents per pound from one year to another.  The wool produced from these sheep, is at present either consumed in the manufacture of the different articles produced by the Mexicans by the slow processes of hand labor, or finds a market on the Missouri river, after being transported in wagons from four hundred and fifty to six hundred miles.      
   In all the region of country referred to, there is not a woollen factory - not even a carding machine.  Water power abounds everywhere, and is going to waste.  The market for the sale of such products as might easily be produced from native wool is unlimited.  There are from 35,000 to 40,000 people in Colorado, and from 100,000 to 120,000 in New Mexico, who would consume the entire products of several manufactories of large capacity.  It is obvious to any person who will think for a mement upon the salient facts above set forth, that there is such opportunity for the investment of capital in a woollen factory as is rarely offered anywhere.  Who will be the first to embrace it, and make a fortune as the reward of his enterprise?    
     There is another branch of business neglected, in which even less of capital is required than in the manufacture of woollen fabrics.  We allude to the business of making leather.    
     Cattle absolutely swarm throughout the Territory.  Hides, by thousands, go to waste.  Their price is merely nominal.  We have all through the mountains an abundance of timber of suitable kinds to yield bark for tanning purposes, and plenty of market in which to dispose of leather.  Yet we have no tannery.    
     It can hardly be possible that when the public attention is called to these opportuninties for investment they will remain vacant for any length of time.  All the fields of industry in the States of the east are crowded to overflowing.  Capital seeks there in vain for the chances of safe and profitable investment.  The interest heretofore felt in the development of our mines has prevented men with money to invest from looking for other fields of enterprise.  
       We hope this article will attract the attention of some one who will be willing to make the adventure of investing money in these neglected branches of business, or at least of giving the subject matter a careful investigation.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, June 18, 1868 D. J. Hayden & Co., formerly merchants of Pueblo, advertise this week the Tabeguache Mills on the Upper Huerfano.  These mills are now in fine condition and turn out the best flour.    

     Mr. Lew Barnum informs us that from and after the 1st of July the service on the Southern Overland Stage Line will be increased from a tri-weekly to a daily line of five horse coaches, from Pond Creek to Santa Fe.    

     The Right Reverend Geo. M. Randall, D. D., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Colorado, will (D. V.) be in Pueblo for the purpose of preaching and holding confirmation services, on Sunday, June 21st, 1868.  Services at 11 a.m. and 8 p.m. in the hall over Thatcher's store.  A preparatory lecture on the nature, duty and benefits of confirmation, will delivered by Rev. F. W. Winslow in the Court House, Pueblo, on Thursday evening, June 18th, at 8 o'clock.  All interested are earnestly invited.    

     The person who borrowed from the Photograph Gallery of Smith & Reed, in the latter part of the month of March, a copy of the Waverly Novels, containing "Bride of Lammermoor,"  "Legend of Montrose," and "Ivanhoe," will confer a favor by returning the same to the owner, by leaving it at the Postoffice.   

      W. R. Walker, Esq., has kindly furnished the following items of interest from Trinidad: Building is progressing rapidly in that town.  Of new houses, we notice the following: Don Juan J. Allres, a large dwelling house; Witt & McCormick, a store and dwelling; E. J. Hubbard, a law office; Taylor & Taylor, a dwelling and livery stable; Jacob Beard, a dwelling house… Crops in Las Animas promise a good yield… Uncle Dick Wootton is laying out a direct road from Pond Creek to Bent's Fort… The Good Templars have organized a new lodge, which promises excellent results… Gen. Sherman passed through Trinidad on the 10th, on his way northward visiting the military posts of Colorado, and the Northwest Territories. 

Horse Thieving. - Mr. Wm. Chapman of Tabeguache Mills (on the Upper Huerfano) informs us that on the night of the 9th inst., two horses were stolen from Mr. A. T. Seabring, of Badieto.  He tracked them to the head of the canon on the Purgatoire, where the thieves had fallen in company with about twenty others.  Mr. S. was warned that the rogues were well armed and determined to defend themselves against any and all persons, and that it would be fatal to him and the man accompanying him should he overtake them.  The pursuit was abandoned in consequence.  We hope the time is not far distant when these pests to society shall be exterminated or at least when a man may with some degree of safety to his life pursue a thief.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, June 25, 1868 Rt. Rev. Bishop Randall of the Episcopal church, preached last Sunday morning from the Text, "Consecrate yourselves to-day to the Lord," and in the evening from the Text, "Whosoever shall confess me before men, him will I confess before my Father which is in Heaven."  The sermons based upon these texts were replete with Christian fervor and power, and for literary polish have never been surpassed in the Territory.  Bishop Randall is quietly and without any ostentation accomplishing a wonderful work in our Territory.  In founding schools and churches, he has since his advent among us spent his time and a large amount of money donated for the purpose, by generous friends in the east.  In this connection, it may be proper to remark that a great misunderstanding seems to exist among the people at the east, who are solicitous for the spiritual advancement of the border people.  Ignorant and uncouth men are frequently sent to the border settlements by the Missionary societies upon the theory that they will find material of like texture to work upon.  No more fatal mistake could possibly be made.  We want among us, it is true, men of modest, unaffected Christian bearing; but education and the graces which accompany a high standard of literary culture are nowhere more essential than here.         We sincerely hope that the example set by the Episcopal denomination in sending Bishop Randall to his present field of labor, may be followed by other bodies of Christians when they shall send missionaries to the west.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, June 25, 1868 Hon. D. D. Belden has gone to Trinidad.    
       Judge S. M. Baird has returned to his home in Trinidad, bringing his ______ (family?) with him.    
       Col. Wm. Craig, of the Huerfano, started on Monday last to New York to attend the National Democratic Convention.    
       John M. Brannaman, Esq., of this county, has taken a contract to grade ten miles of the Denver and Cheyenne railroad.   
        I Scream. - The centre of attraction for ladies and gentlemen, these warm days, is Wilderboor & Gilman's Ice Cream Saloon.    
       Personal. - Col. John M. Francisco of the Cuchara, was in town during the week, and also D. J. Hayden, Esq., of the Huerfano.    
       The El Paso County Republican Convention expresses its preference for Geo M. Chilcott, of Pueblo county, for candidate for delegate to Congress.    
       Hon. J. W. Henry, of this county, is going down to the Cimarron to try the mines.  If he concludes to stay there we lose one of our most valuable citizens.      
     Col. A. G. Boone has completed a treaty with the Osage Indians, and gone back to Washington.  His next official duties will be to set apart the half-breed lands on the old reservation in the eastern part of this county.     
      Messrs. Hamilton & McLellan have interfered greatly with our work on No. 4 on the CHIEFTAIN; but then they have improved our house muchly, by plastering it throughout.  They are first-class plasterers.  If any one doubts it let him come and see our sanctum.  See also their advertisement in to-day's issue.    
       We learn that the contract recently let at Fort Leavenworth, to furnish a large amount of wood to Fort Reynolds, was awarded to our enterprising fellow townsman, M. Anker.    
       Rev. B. M. Adams will preach in the Court House next Sunday at 11 o'clock, a.m., and at 8 o'clock p.m.  He will hold services at J. W. Anderson's, on the St. Charles, Monday at 5 o'clock p.m.; on Tuesday at Fort Reynolds, at 5 o'clock p.m., and on Thursday evening, at 8 o'clock, at Pueblo.    
       Nothing is more annoying to persons living in this section of the country than to get a watch back from Denver where it had been sent for repair, and find that it doesn't keep the time correctly.  To avoid all such annoyance every body should send their watches to A. B. Ingols who is an experienced workman and guarantees his work.   
        Joseph Fuqua was arrested yesterday and brought before Mark G. Bradford, charged with assault with intent to murder, upon the person of Mr. L. R. Graves.  The hearing of the case is set for to-day at 9 o'clock a.m.  We deem it prudent not to make any comments upon the affair at present.  Mr. Graves' injuries are not of a serious nature.   
        "IN TIME OF PEACE PREPARE FOR WAR." - Mr. A. T. Seibering, of Badito was in town last Monday and bought a good supply of ammunition to defend his ranch from Indians, in case of an outbreak by the Utes.  All other ranchmen should do the same.  "It is too late to pray when the devil comes."  It is also too late to lay in means of defense after the Indians have come.    
       Mr. Colfax writes that he feels himself greatly honored by the complimentary ticket sent him to attend the Horse Fair at Denver; that nothing in the world would afford him greater pleasure, but is very sorry indeed to have to inform the "high mucky mucks" of the "brilliant affair," that his engagements are such that he will necessarily have to forego the pleasure.  It don't make much difference to the horse-fair men, but then it would have been a nice treat to Mr. Colfax if he could have been there.     
      Let it not be forgotten that H. A. E. Pickard - which is the short for Harry Pickard - gives the great ball of the season, on the 3d of July.  The fair who will grace the occasion will be more attractive than any Denver horse fair, and all that "art can execute and taste devise" will be brought into requisition to render the affair more lively and pleasant than anything we have yet had.  The dance will be at Rice's Hall, over Thatcher's store, and the supper at Harry's Pueblo House.  Tickets, eight dollars.  No invitations, but everybody is expected to be there with his wife, daughter, sweetheart, or friend, as the case may be.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, June 25, 1868 THE MORALITY OF PUEBLO.  

       Our little town has, in some quarters, achieved a reputation for a low moral tone and want of spirituality.  It has been frowned upon by some who pride themselves on their superior virtue, as a hard place, possessing scarcely the elements of respectability and decency.  Some of our ministerial friends have sighed over the place and finally given it up as unconvertable.  In a Pharisaical or critical point of view, there is undoubtedly some foundation for this reputation, but it is greatly exaggerated.  Those who live in Pueblo know that it is not such a very bad place.  There is undoubtedly room for improvement.  There has been manifested in the past but little respect for Sunday, and less interest in religious services; there has been a little more attention given than is proportional and right, to whisky; there has been a general apathy to every form of employment or recreation which does not furnish excitement; but, outside of these considerations, the morality of Pueblo will bear favorable comparison with any town of its age and similar component materials.  It is certainly better than that eastern village where honest people had to "take their door-steps in at nights" - no one need ever lock his door here for fear of robbery.  Its inhabitants are generally straightforward in their business transactions, (public sentiment, at least will countenance no dishonesty.)  They are certainly courteous in their bearing towards each other and strangers, and are eminent for hospitality.  They condemn and despise every form of meanness.  They are particularly severe on hypocrisy and have little taste for cant (?), and we have never seen any reason to doubt their respect for true and practical Christianity.  The popular fallings are due more to circumstances than to any inherent lack of virtue in the people.  Most of them have been isolated for years from church privileges and it is difficult to form a habit of attendance after so long continuance.  The preponderance of the masculine element is another cause.  A lower standard of morals and manners always prevails in a society where woman's refining influence is little felt, men become more reckless when left to themselves, and their animal tendencies act without restraint.  This lack of female influence has been the chief cause of the low moral tone of the community in times past.  The gradual increase of this element and influence is the mainspring of the marked improvement recently made.  There are no worthier ladies than those of Pueblo, but they have, until lately, been so few that they could not stem the tide of opposition, while their domestic duties have diminished their opportunities of public usefulness.  If we could only transfer here half a dozen young ladies from one of our neighbouring towns, the cause of the superior morality and greater interest in religion which they manifest, would soon appear.  The average intelligence and culture of Pueblo is certainly equal to that of any town in the Territory.  The energy and enterprise of its inhabitants is remarkable while its moral tone is rapidly improving.     

     To any one who doubts our assertions, we say, come here and test them; mingle with that class of our population who constitute our permanent residents and controlling element, and you will find as high a standard and average of virtue and respectability as any man could expect or desire.  Several months residence here and subsequent temporary absence have convinced us that Pueblo is a very good place to live in, and we cordially recommend it to all who may desire to try their fortunes in a new but thriving business town.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, July 2, 1868 PUEBLO COUNTY REPUBLICAN CONVENTION.  
       At a meeting of the Republicans of Pueblo county, held at Pueblo, June 27th, 1868, to choose delegates to attend the Republican Territorial Convention to be held at Denver, July 7th 1868, M. G. Bradford was elected chairman, and J. D. Miller secretary.  
       On motion of H. C. Thatcher, a committee of five were appointed to draft resolutions.  The chairman appointed H. C. Thatcher, A. A. Bradford, O. H. P. Baxter, H. A. E. Pickard and C. L. Hall, such committee.  
       The committee reported the following resolutions:  
       WHEREAS, A long period of time has elapsed since the submission of the State Constitution to the people of Colorado, and great changes have taken place in the population of the Territory since that time, and  
       WHEREAS, The existing State Constitution was not adopted, and the officers chosen under it were not elected by a majority of those who are now legal voters in the Territory, therefore, as the sense of this Convention, be it  
       Resolved, That Colorado should not be admitted into the Union as a State, until the question of admission be submitted to the people of the Territory, at an election legally and fairly held, and a majority of the voters shall have decided in favor of such admission.   
      Resolved 1st. That the efficient manners in which Hon. George M. Chilcott has discharged his duties as delegate, meets with our most cordial approbation, and especially are the thanks of this Convention due to him for his services in securing to the Territories the same postal rates that now exist in the States.   
     Resolved, 2d. That we heartily endorse the platform and candidates of the National Union Republican Convention, held at Chicago, May 20th, 1868.    
     On motion of M. D. Thatcher, the first and second set of resolutions were unanimously adopted.  
       H. C. Thatcher moved that we proceed to the election of four delegates to attend the Territorial Convention, with power to appoint proxies.
        Messrs. C. J. Hart, H. A. E. Pickard, Henry Hiney and H. C. Thatcher were elected delegates.  
       On motion of H. C. Thatcher, the secretary was instructed to furnish a copy of the proceedings of this meeting to the COLORADO CHIEFTAIN and Rocky Mountain News, for publication.
        On motion, the meeting adjourned to meet the 14th of July for the purpose of ratifying the action of the Territorial Convention.   
               M. G. BRADFORD, Chairman.               J. D. MILLER, Sec'y.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, July 2, 1868 THE COAL FIELDS OF SOUTHERN COLORADO.  
       The fact that hitherto the coal fields of Southern Colorado have not been brought into requisition by the wants of this district of country, has kept up the popular delusion that the northern part of the Territory is possessed of advantages of us in the number and quality of her coal beds.  This is a very great mistake, and we of the South have hitherto labored under a great disadvantage, by reason of the fact that our resources in this regard, have not been more publicly known.  A magnificent district of coal lands is spread out around the foot of the mountains, from Pike's Peak to the southern boundary of the Territory.  Workable veins outcrop on Beaver Creek, in Fremont county, near Canon City, and at other localities near the foot of the mountains, as far southward as Trinidad, where the veins are of great thickness.   
      The coal from all the different veins is a kind of bituminous coal, closely allied to the Cannel coal, almost entirely free from sulphur or other impurities, and in every respect vastly superior to the coal from the veins in the neighborhood of Golden City, and in Boulder county, as we know personally from a comparison of the different varieties from the veins which have been opened.   
      The importance of this coal district can hardly be overestimated.  They will furnish for all time an inexhaustible supply of fuel for the lines of railroad which in a few years, whill checker the entire mountain region.  They will be of equal value in working the rich mines of lead and other mineral with which the mountains abound, undisturbed until such time as railroads shall afford cheaper means of transportation, for the machinery and appliances necessary to work them, and for the exportation of their products.    
     The experience of the world has shown, that as a source of permanent wealth, to any country where civilized men abide, an abundance of good mineral coal is inestimable in value.  Our coal fields are practically inexhaustible.  God has wrought in the great laboratory of nature, while these vast regions were yet unpeopled, and stored away in the recesses of the everlasting hills a supply of fuel sufficient for our wants for all coming time.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, July 2, 1868   LETTER LIST.   
      Letters remaining unclaimed in the Post office at Pueblo, Territory of Colorado, Wednesday July 1st, 1868.   
      To obtain any of these letters the applicant must call for "Advertised letters," and give the date of this.   
      If not called for within one month, they will be sent to Dead Letter office.
Arnett, A. J.  2
Anderson, P. C.
Bennet, F. B.
Burk, Michael
Bell, Henry C.
Cornell, Gideon
Coleman, Arther  2
Clark, R. S.
Cross, Jno. M.
Coffee, R. N. (?)
Fleming, C.
Flynn, Edward
Horan, James
Klaybaugh (?), Clinton
Hughes, D. H.  2
Jones, O. W.  2
McClellen, Wm.  2
McGiure (McClure?), S. C.
McGrady, Hugh
Parks, Daniel
Payne, Freeman J.
Rule, Margaret
Ridings, Joseph R.
Shores, Samuel
Warren, C. W.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, July 2, 1868 John Locke, who keeps the U. S. Stage Co.'s Ranch at Big Timber, on the Hays City and Santa Fe route, shot and killed a man named Parker on the night of the 19th, having mistaken him for an unfriendly Indian.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, July 2, 1868 The Arkansas is still on the rise.  
       The Arkansas bridge is all right.   
      Dogs are so plenty in town as to be a nuisance.  We need a dog law.   
      The Southern Overland Stage Company have removed their eastern terminus to Fort Wallace.  
       A telegraph office will soon be opened at the Doyle ranch, in this county, for the accommodation of the Huerfano people.  
       Capt. U. B. Hollaway of this place, late United States Marshal, who has been East, arrived home on Tuesday morning last.  
       We acknowledge our obligations to Hon. Thomas Macon, of Canon city, for valuable aid in extending the circulation of the CHIEFTAIN.
        All hands in the office are under obligation to Mr. Eugene Weston for a treat of native wine, of a quality superior to anything ever imported.
        The telegraph line between this place and Denver has been down for several days.  This accounts for the fact that we are without any late telegraphic news.
        The contract to survey the southern boundary line of Colorado has been re-let for the reason that the ex-Governor Gilpin failed to comply with the terms of his contract.
        We are under many obligations to our attentive delegate in Congress, Hon. Geo. M. Chilcott, for the large supply of public documents, which we presume he is about to send us.
        Why don't farmers supply the town with the vegetables of the season?  One would think that the business was sufficiently remunerative to insure a better supply than we now have.
        The Denver Horse Fair, the Republican Territorial Convention, the Supreme Court, and other objects of amusement, will call several of our citizens up to Denver this week.  "Tek kar yerselves."
        Brevet Colonel A. J. McGonnigle, of the United States Army, a member of General Sheridan's staff, spent two or three days of last week in town.  He has departed for Leavenworth, by way of Denver.
        The Huerfano County Republican Convention instructs its delegates to the Territorial Republican Convention to vote for Hon. A. A. Bradford, of this county, for candidate for delegate to Congress.  
       Hon. A. A. Bradford of this place is likely, judging from present indications, to receive the unanimous support of the delegates from southern Colorado, to the Republican convention, as the first choice for delegate to Congress.  
       P. K. Dotson, Esq., of the St. Charles, was in town the other day, and informed us that a hail storm had greatly injured his crop.  He has one of the best ranches in the country, and is one of our largest wheat growers.  
       The Republicans of Fremont county with an appreciation of beauty that does eminent credit to their judgement, named Frank Hall, as their first choice for delegate to Congress.  Handsome, suave and paire, Frank would make a delegate "as is" a delegate.  
       Mr. Young's bridge over the Arkansas river at this place, was three or four days ago threatened with serious injury by the caving in of the bank of the river.  We are happy to state for the benefit of the travelling public that the danger is past and that the bridge is uninjured and in perfect repair.  
       There will be Episcopal church services and sermon, by Rev. T. W. Winslow, in the Court House, Pueblo, on Sunday, July 5, at 11 a.m., and 8 p.m.  All are cordially invited.  
       Rev. O. P. McMains, who has been assigned to this circuit, by the Golden City conference, for the ensuing year, will preach at the court house in this place on Sunday the 12th inst.  He is recommended as a young man of culture and talent, who will take his place among us as a preacher of the gospel and not for the purpose of perverting his sacred calling to a political mission, as has too often been the case with others of the same profession.
        Thomas, of the News, writes favorably of the location selected in Canon City for the site of the Penitentiary.  He won't find it so very unpleasant a home, as might be selected for him elsewhere.  
       Through the politeness of Mr. M. S. Lynde of Trinidad, we have been presented a piece of quartz from the famous lode lately discovered in the Moreno district.  It appears rather like gold with a slight admixture of quartz, than like quartz rich in gold.  
       John Locke, who keeps the U. S. Stage Co.'s Ranch at Big Timber, on the Hays City and Santa Fe route, shot and killed a man named Parker on the night of the 19th, having mistaken him for an unfriendly Indian.
        The weather clerk is behaving in a very unseemly way.  Every day threatening clouds overshadow the heavens, and "it thunders all 'round the sky," but the weather remains hot and dry.  This great promise and meagre performance is very unsatisfactory.  
       The treaty with the Osage Indians, which our fellow citizen, Col. A. G. Boone, as one of the commissioners on the part of the government, assisted in negotiating, does not suit the people of Kansas, and is not likely to be ratified by the United States Senate.  
       Our readers will notice by refering to the proceedings of the Republican county convention, held in this county last week, that the party in this county repudiate the old State organization, and ask that the question be again submitted to the people.  They have taken a just and wise course.  
       Mr. L. R. Stemm, who is the "main stem" which furnishes material for "life's staff" at Doyle's Mills, appreciating our wants, has kindly sent us a sack of as elegant flour as was ever produced by eastern flour makers.  Mr. L. R. is a gentleman of christian charities, and as a millist he understands his biz.   
      The Hays City Adeanes (?) of the 23d says: Forty thousand pounds of wool from New Mexico arrived there within the past few days… A large herd of cattle passed there on the 20th, on the way to Southern Colorado… The telegraph line is to be extended to Fort Wallace… The prairies are literally alive with grasshoppers, but as yet they have done no great damage.  
       We call attention to the advertisement of Megeath & Co., Cheyenne, D. T.  We have known all the members of this firm long and well, and it affords us pleasure to recommend them to our readers as men possessed of all the qualifications of first class business men.  They are the only bidders for the Commission and Forwarding business of Southern Colorado and New Mexico, and should receive it.  
       The following is the roster of officers now on duty at Fort Reynolds, C. T. (Colorado Territory), viz: Brevet Captain Charles A. Curtis, 1st Lieut. Co. D, 5th U. S. Infantry, commanding company and post; 1st Lieut. H. H. Abell, Co. L, 7th U. S. Cavalry, commanding company; 2nd Lieut. John J. Lambert, Co. D, 5th U. S. Infantry, Post Adjutant; 2nd Lieut. J. Henry Shellabarger, Co. L, 7th U. S. Cavalry, A. A. Q. M., and A. A. C. S.; and Assistant Surgeon Geo. McC. Miller, U. S. A., Post Surgeon.  
       Sam Bowles, in his "Across the Continent," says on page 32, "to the South, giving source to the Arkansas and Colorado, looms up * * Pikes Peak."  In the sentence there are only two geographical blunders.  Pikes Peak "gives source" to neither the one nor the other river, nor is it near enough to the source of either, to make the blunder at all pardonable, in a writer of so much prominence as Bowles.  
       Some legislation is needed for the protection of farmers along the lower portion of some of our creeks.  The Fontaine qui Bouille is now at so low a state of water that crops near the mouth of that stream are suffering for want of water, while, it is alleged, that a great deal of water is wasted from the ditches along the upper part of the creek.  The subject matter of complaint could probably be reached and remedied by judicious legislation.  We recommend this subject to the careful attention of our next legislature, and hope it may not be forgotten.  
       Dr. Beshoar, the senior editor and proprietor of the CHIEFTAIN has gone to Trinidad, to spend a few weeks in attention to his private business.  The junior will remain ad interim, sole manager.  Being in delicate health, he will be exceedingly careful not to provoke a quarrel with any one, and will "run the machine just as he finds it."  Should any difficulty result from his appoinment ad interim, the Doctor will be impeached on his return.  
       Daniel Witter, Esq., United States Assessor for Colorado, and a brother-in-law of Speaker Colfax, as well as otherwise qualified, is a candidate, whose name will be before the Denver Republican Convention for Delegate to Congress.
        Hon. D. D. Belden, Democratic candidate for Congress addressed a crowded house in this place on Monday evening last, upon the political issues of the day.  We are also informed that he addressed a large audience on the same subject in Trinidad on the 24th.  He left here on the 30th to visit Canon city and the South Park country.  
       E. B. Cozzens, Esq., of this place lately returned from the Cimarron, confirms all the previous accounts in regard to the richness of those mines.  He states further, that owing to the scarcity of water at the present time, there is not room for all at present.  He is of the opinion, from his observation in the country that the mining region will be greatly enlarged by new discoveries.  
       The Tribune is alarmed for fear the citizens of Denver will not allow General Grant any rest on his arrival at that place.  The fear is reasonable and the caution timely.  The General should by all means be permitted to relieve himself for a time from the overwhelming labors of his official position, and not be obliged in the interval of rest from official duty, to make a pump-handle of his arm or to exhaust himself in oratorical efforts.  Let him have peace.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, July 9, 1868 At a meeting of the Board of County Commissioners, of Pueblo county, C. T. (Colorado Territory), held at Pueblo, July 6, A. D. 1868, the Commissioners revised and defined the boundaries of the several voting Precincts in Pueblo county, as follows:  
       PRECINCT NO. 1. - Commencing at the east line of G. H. Bryan's land, on the Arkansas river, extending up said river to the Rock Canon bridge, and including all the settlements on both sides of said stream, in this valley between the two points, thence extending in a northeasterly direction to a point on the Fontaine qui Bouille river, between the ranches of M. W. Steel and J. J. Cawlfield, thence southeasterly to place of beginning.  
       PRECINCT NO. 2. - Commencing at George Gilbert's west line, running north to the northern boundary of the county, thence west to a point due north of the east line of G. H. Bryan's land, thence south along said Bryan's east line to the Arkansas river, and on the south side of said river, from the mouth of the Huerfano river, to the mouth of the St. Charles river, including Fort Reynolds, and all the settlements on the south side of said Arkansas river between the points mentioned.  
       PRECINCT NO. 3. - Commencing at the northern boundary of Precinct No. 1, extending up the Fontaine qui Bouille to the northern boundary of the county, including all the settlers on both sides of the Fontaine between the two points.  
       PRECINCT NO. 4. - From Mr. Elkins' west line, on the St. Charles, running westwardly to the mouth of the Canon of the St. Charles, and including all the settlements in this valley, between the two points.  
       PRECINCT NO. 5. - Commencing at the mouth of the St. Charles river, and running up said stream, including the settlements on both sides of said stream to Mr. Elkins' west line.  
       PRECINCT NO. 6. - Running from the western boundary of Precinct No. 1, up the Arkansas river to the western boundary of the county, including all the settlements on said stream and its tributaries, between the two points mentioned.  
       PRECINCT NO. 7. - Is bounded on the east by the Kansas State line; on the south by Las Animas county; on the west by a line running due north and south, crossing the Arkansas river at the first Sand Creek below Bent's Fort; and on the north by the northern boundary of the county.  
       PRECINCT NO. 8. - Commencing at a line drawn due north and south crossing the Arkansas river at the Point of Rocks, and extending westwardly up the Arkansas river to the west line of George Gilbert's Ranch, about opposite to the mouth of the Huerfano river, and extending north and south to the boundaries of the county.  
       PRECINCT NO. 9. - Commencing at N. W. Welton's upper line, on the Huerfano, and extending down said stream to the Arkansas river, including all the settlements on the said Huerfano river between the points mentioned.  
       PRECINCT NO. 10. - From Welton's upper line, running westwardly to the Corral de Toros, on southern (?) boundary of the county, and including the whole valley of the Huerfano between these two points.
        PRECINCT NO. 11. - Commencing at the mouth of the Canon on the St. Charles river, running west to the western boundary of the county, and including the settlements on both branches of the St. Charles.
        PRECINCT NO. 12. - Commencing at the mouth of the Green Horn Creek, on the St. Charles, running up said Green Horn, and including the settlements on said stream and all its tributaries, and extending to the western and southern (northern?) boundaries of the county.
        PRECINCT NO. 13. - Commencing at a line drawn due north and south, crossing the Arkansas river at the Point of Rocks, extending thence down the Arkansas river to where a line, drawn due north and south, crosses the Arkansas river at the first Sand Creek below Bent's Fort, and extending north and south to the boundaries of the county.  
       I do hereby notify that the foregoing is a true and correct copy of the description and boundaries of the several voting Precincts in Pueblo county, as appears from the records in this office.
        In testimony whereof, witness my hand and County Seal, this 7th day of July, A. D. 1868.
                J. D. Miller, County Clerk.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, July 9, 1868 Our senior, Dr. Beshoar, has gone to the Moreno mines.
        The oldest settlement in Pueblo county is the Cuerno Verde.
        The Fourth of July was celebrated in fine style at Fort Reynolds.
        Some of the coal beds at Trinidad are about eight feet in thickness.
        There are ten weekly and five daily papers published in Colorado.
        Pueblo is the third county of the Territory in point of population.
        There is a promise of an abundant yield of wild fruit this season.  
       Col. Greenwood, the chief engineer of the U. P. R. R., E. D., is in Denver.  
       Hon. R. B. Willis, of the Cuchara, has been in town during the past week.  
       Ore, said to yield 90 percent, of iron has recently been discovered near Canon City.  
       Judge Bradford and Hon. W. F. Stone are in Denver in attendance upon the Supreme Court.  
       Native alum is said to be found in large quantities on the St. Charles near the foot of the mountains.  
       Goldrick seems to have run his Herald into a National Horse Show Advertiser.  At least we received none last week.  
       The telegraph line between this place and Denver is again in complete repair, after being down for a whole week.  
       The population of Costilla county has been largely increased during the summer, by immigration from New Mexico.  
       We stop the press to announce that Grant and Colfax had not arrived at Denver at the date of our latest advices.  
       Hon. A. A. Bradford was nominated by acclamation for delegate to Congress in the Republican convention on the 7th instant.   
      We are the recipients of quite a number of important public documents from Mr. G. M. Chilcott.  "Thanks, generous stranger."  
       Under the law of last winter, creating the office of District Attorney, that office will have to be filled at the September election.
        A Spanish fargas (?) of wheat, as the word is used in southern Colorado and New Mexico, is two bushels or 120 pounds.
        Our townsman, M. Anker, Esq., is expected home as soon as the trip can be made after the close of the New York Convention.
        Mr. Chilcott has succeeded in getting repealed the onerous postal laws requiring letter postage on all sorts of mail matter from the States.
        The Central City Herald and the Golden City Transcript are out against the admission of Colorado under the bill now pending in Congress.
        A party of engineers of the Eastern Division road, recently sent to explore the Puncha (Poncha?) pass, make a favorable report of its elegibility and practicability.
        FOR RENT. - One of the most desirable residences in Pueblo, will be rented on reasonable terms.  For particulars inquire at this office.
        The water is falling rapidly in all the small streams in the Arkansas country, owing to the continued drouth.  No losses likely to follow except along the lower part of the Fontaine qui Bouille.  
       Judge Henry, of this county, is about to make a trip to the Cimarron country, but has no thought of abandoning his residence in Pueblo county, as we were erroneously informed.  We are glad to know it.  
       We publish in this issue a copy of the Registry law enacted last winter.  As many voters may not receive the laws in book shape before the election, it will be well for them to preserve this number of the CHIEFTAIN for future reference.  
       The Ute embroglio has ended without any hostile demonstrations to amount to anything.  Ute and other leading men of the tribe are friendly all the time, and in this instance, as in others, have succeeded in impressing their views upon the tribe.   
      Mr. Jesse Frazier, of Fremont county, we learn, has a peach orchard, which will produce a few peaches of excellent quality.  His is the first fruit of that kind ever produced in the Arkansas Valley.  Quite a number of orchards will begin to bear next year.  
       Rev. O. P. McMains will preach in this place next Sunday.
        Owing to unforseen circumstances, the appointment made by Bishop Randall for visiting Canon City, on Sunday, July 19, is indefinitely, but inevitably postponed.  The Rev. Mr. Winslow will preach in Canon on that Sunday for the last time.  The Episcopal services in Pueblo, which would be held regularly on July 19, will nevertheless be necessarily postponed, as per announcement, to July 26.
        The Southwestern Pacific Railroad Company, which already has a grant of land in its aid, is trying to secure subsidies from the Government in preference to the U. P. R. R., E. D.  This line starts from Springfield, in the southwestern part of Missouri.
        Dr. Geo. McC. Miller, post surgeon, and Lieut. J. J. Lambert, post adjutant, at Fort Reynolds, gave the CHIEFTAIN office a call on yesterday.  We were happy to see them and hope they will repeat their visit, whenever business or pleasure shall bring them to our town.
        Wm. Chapman, of the firm of D. J. Hayden & Co., of the Tabeguache Mills, on the Upper Huerfano, has sent us a sack of excellent flour, manufactured at their mills.  We have no hesitation in pronouncing their flour fully equal in quality to the very best made in the Territory.
        John Stokes, cabinet maker, here "propounds," and gives the people "to understand and be informed" that he has a fine supply of chairs for sale.  A government may run with three departments, and a stool may possibly stand on three legs, but the exigencies of civilization demand arm-chairs with four legs; and Stokes has the article, of good quality and at fair prices - cheaper than Denver prices with freight added.
        Experiments have been made by crossing the Cashmere goat with our native breed, with eminent success.  The native goats are abundant and very cheap in Southern Colorado.  Why don't some of our stock growers turn their attention to this business?  We intend as soon as we can procure the data from reliable sources to publish an article on this subject for the purpose, and in the hope of starting a new business, which we believe may be prosecuted with eminent success in Colorado.  
       Rice's hall was filled to overflowing on the evening of the 3d, with the beauty and chivalry of the town and surrounding country.  The music was excellent, and the capacious hall comfortably ventilated and cool, and everything combined to render the occasion, one of the most delightful of the kind the town has ever known.  The supper table at the Pueblo House was loaded with all that could be had in the way of both substantials and luxuries.  All the participants were delighted with everything pertaining to the entertainment.  We hope Harry will take advantage of the earliest possible occasion to repeat.  
       Our legal friend Thatcher has been seen about the streets of the town with his coat off and at work during the past week.  That fact indicates a dearth of business in the professional way.  The health of the country has always been such that doctors could find no employment, and now the indications are that people are to be so peacable that lawyers will not be able to live.  If they shall arrive at such a pitch of virtue that preachers may be dispensed with, what a paradise for honest men our county will be?
        We learn from Lieut. Lambert, of Fort Reynolds, the particulars of a sad accident which occurred at Col. Boone's near that place, on the 7th inst., by which one man lost his life, and two others met with a narrow escape.  Wm. Moore, a private in company D, 5th infantry, undertook in company with a comrade to cross the Arkansas, at Boonville.  The boat capsized in the middle of the river and Moore's comrade barely succeeded in saving his own life by clinging to a snag in the river.  A man living at Boonville, on this side of the river, made an effort for the relief of Moore, by going out in another boat, but his boat, too upset, and he with difficulty escaped by clinging to a tree top.  The two kept their perilous positions until nearly night when other parties came to their relief.  Moore was drowned, and his body, at the latest account, had not been recovered.  He was dressed in military clothes.
        TRINIDAD ITEMS. - The ball in Trinidad on the evening of the third of July, was a decided success.  Sixty-four couples participated in the festivities of the occasion, including Good Templars, Bad Tipplers, outsiders and natives… The American population of Trinidad is increasing rapidly, having more than doubled within four months… The crops promise an immense yield, neither hail, drouth, grasshoppers or other injurious things, has affected them… A rumor prevails that about 3,000 head of Texas cattle, on the way up, have been stolen by Indians, supposed to be Navajos… The news from the Moreno is not less flattering than heretofore… The Good Templars are receiving accessions to their numbers at the rate of about fifteen per week.  
       The late treaty with the Osage Indians, proposes to cede to a railroad company one sixth part of the State of Kansas.  
       The Fourth of July was appropriately celebrated by our citizens, who met in Holloway's Grove on the opposite side of the river, where a cold collation had been prepared by the ladies.  The exercises of the occasion were opened by a party of ladies and gentlemen singing with excellent effect,  
       "My country 'tis of thee,  
       Sweet land of liberty," &c.
Then followed the reading of the Declaration of Independence by Chauncey L. Hall, Esq., in his most impressive style.  After the singing of the Star Spangled Banner, the exercises closed with an oration by Chauncey L. Hall, Esq.  It is perhaps needless to say that Mr. Hall's effort on this occasion fully sustains his well earned reputation.  Patriotic and republican sentiments, which were equally an honor to the head and the heart of the speaker, were clothed in that ornate style of diction which distinguishes the oratory of Hon. Schuyler Colfax.  Indeed, those familiar with the speeches of the latter gentleman, might readily conjecture that he had acquired his style of speaking and mode of thinking, from the former were not such a supposition precluded by their disparity of age, our townsman being much the younger man of the two.  We have not room to extend our notice.  It is sufficient to say that the oration was closely listened to by an appreciative audience, after which, with three rousing cheers for the orator of the day, the crowd departed for their homes, well pleased with the entertainment.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, July 9, 1868 The oldest settlement in Pueblo county is the Cuerno Verde.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, July 16, 1868  
       As our paper has quite a circulation in the East, and falls under the eye of many readers, who are not familiar with the geography of Colorado, we trust our home readers will pardon us for sometimes dwelling upon topics with which they are familiar, such as the one we have chosen for the subject of this article.  
       Of the mineral resources of the district lying adjacent to the Arkansas river at its source - of the water power of the Arkansas and its tributaries, within the limits of Colorado - of the agricultural and pastoral lands of the Arkansas basin, this article with chiefly treat.  
       The Arkansas has its source about in latitude thirty-nine, nearly due west of Pike's Peak.  As early as '50 gold had been discovered in the gulches along its head waters.  During the year following the richness of those discovered were demonstrated beyond question, and from that time until the present, gulch and placer diggings they have been worked with profit, and they are yet far from being exhausted.  After the rush of excitement for that class of mining had to a certain degree passed away, prospectors began to turn their attention to the discoveries of lodes, and with eminent success.
        It is now a fact established beyond controversy, that the mountain region adjacent to the source of the Arkansas, is second to no mining region in the number and richness of its gold bearing lodes.  The production of these lodes has hitherto been limited, and has entered (?) but little in swelling the wealth of the Territory, for reasons which a little reflection will render obvious.  In the first place the discoveries of mines of that kind were made public at a time when mining stocks were low in the market, owing to incompetent management by inexperienced superintendents - to the rage for new processes, and to the organization of wild-cat companies upon worthless property.  Second, lode mining requires a large amount of capital, of which the first discoverers were by no means possessed.  These causes and others which for the present purposes, it is here unnecessary to enumerate, have retarded the development of one of the richest, if not the richest lode mining districts in the Territory.  That the Red Mountain and other districts adjacent to the head of the Arkansas, will yet prove a source of incalculable wealth to the Territory, can admit of no reasonable doubt.  This entire mineral region naturally looks for its supplies to the agricultural and pastoral district which lies upon the Arkansas and its tributaries, immediately adjoining and below.  A part of that agricultural district is inclosed within the mountains, in the form of what in mountain parlance is called a park.  The upper end of this park is in close proximity to the lower extremity of the mining district.  Here are produced without difficulty potatoes and other vegetables which belong to the temperate zones, as well as wheat and all the other varieties of small grain.  This separate agricultural district is about fifteen by thirty miles in extent - is surrounded on every side by the grandest mountain scenery on the continent, and is eminently productive wherever the Arkansas and tributaries afford facilities for irrigation.  Passing thence out of the mountains by the finest natural pass, which anywhere pierces the range, the boundary of the region of plains is reached at Canon City.  Here the Arkansas breaks through a stupendous canon, and becomes the Nile of the finest agricultural valley of the plains.  
       Passing down the Arkansas on the south side, the first tributary bears the euphonious name of Hardscrabble.  This is a stream too small to afford much water power.  Its valley near the foot of the mountains, contains three thousand or four thousand acres of fertile land, capable of irrigation, and productive, as is all the valley land of the upper Arkansas and its tributaries.  The next stream is the Saint Charles.  Here we have a valley about forty miles in length, capable of tillage in its whole length, settled to a great extent, its climate suited to the production of corn, wheat, potatoes and all the cereals and vegetables which belong to the same latitude in the East, and containing on the main stream and its tributaries some of the largest and most valuable farms in the Territory.  
       The next stream below is the famous Huerfano, and its branch, the Cuchara.  This river has a valley of cultivable land about one hundred miles in length, and in breadth from one half mile to three miles.  Here is the point and center of agricultural enterprise in Colorado.  Here are huge farms containing from five hundred to fifteen hundred acres of land in the highest state of cultivation, and equal in productiveness to the famed prairies of Illinois.  Here too is the centre of the great pastoral regions of the Territory.  Here may be seen in some instances a thousand head of neat cattle in a single herd.  While much of the valley of the Huerfano is tilled to the extent of its capacity, other portions are almost in a state of nature and offer rare inducements to emigrants.   
      The Purgatory, or Las Animas, is the next tributary of the Arkansas.  The valley of arable land on this river is about one hundred and thirty miles in length and ranging in breadth from one fourth of a mile to four miles.  This is a perennial stream offering unfailing facilities for irrigation, and presenting advantages to emigrants, unrivalled elsewhere in the Territory.  Its valley is rapidly filling up with an enterprising and energetic population.  Sheep and cattle growing and agriculture are the main pursuits of the people of Las Animas county - which derives its name (from) this river. This river is the last affluent of the Arkansas, within the limits of Colorado on its south side.      
   The northern slope of the Arkansas has few tributaries, and those few are less important than those on the south. 
The principal branches in their order from the foot of the mountains down the river, are Oil Creek, Beaver Creek and the Fontaine qui Bouille.  This latter stream is famous for its soda springs, from which it takes its name, and for the romantic and beautiful scenery where it debouches from the mountains, and on its branch, the Monument.  The Fontaine has a valley suitable for agricultural purposes about fifty miles in length.  
       The Arkansas itself, from Canon City to the southern boundary of the Territory, has one of the most magnificent valleys in the world, and furnishes a strip of arable land frequently five miles in width.  
       We have gone over as briefly as the nature of the subject would admit, a list of the principal rivers and creeks of the Arkansas Valley, for the purpose of informing readers unfamiliar with the geography of Central and Southern Colorado, and of inparting some idea of our boundless agricultural and pastoral resources. 
        A great number of small streams, which flow a short distance out from the foot of the mountains, and there sink, are not included in our account.  
       With a remark or two exclusively upon the pastoral advantages of Southern Colorado, we close this article.  
       Almost the entire body of land included between the valleys of the streams, produce the wild grasses in such abundance that its capacity for pasturage is practically unlimited.  Sheep and cattle, without feeding or other care than herding, are fit for slaughter at any season of the year.  Can it be wondered at, that, with a country of such varied resources, in a climate the most beautiful and delightful in the world, we are advancing in numbers and wealth, with the promise of becoming at no distant day the most populous and prosperous part of the Territory and the West.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, July 16, 1868  
       Col. Alex. Rey, formerly of Park county, died a short time ago in Paris, France, where he was temporarily engaged in the sale of Colorado mining property.  He was well known to many of our citizens.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, July 16, 1868  
               Hon. D. D. Belden addressed a Democratic meeting at Fairplay on the 7th inst.         Gov. Hunt has gone over into the San Luis Valley to have a talk with the Ute Indians.         The Santa Fe coach is generally crowded with passengers now-a-days on every trip.         Smith, the negro murderer, was to have been hung of the 14th inst., at Central City.         The Arkansas river has been rising very fast during the past week and is now at a very high stage.         The Western Union Telegraph Company are re-building the line between Omaha and Cheyenne.         Mosquitoes are beginning to make their appearance, to the great disgust of everybody and their children.         Rt. Rev. Geo. M. Randall, Bishop of this diocese, has gone to Canon City, where he will preach next Sunday.         The Arkansas river is now falling rapidly to the great relief of Mr. Young who owns the bridge at this place.         Gen. Grant doesn't wish to have any public demonstrations, in his honor, while he is making his western tour.  
       Hon. A. A. Bradford, we are informed, will spend some weeks in the north part of the Territory, making a political tour.   
      Eastern papers are discussing the range of the thermometer.  Here the thermometer is out of any range heretofore known.     
    The Arkansas river during the present high water is making a cut-off on Col-Francisco's farm, adjoining the upper end of town.   
       Some of our citizens who were in Denver during the horse show, think that institution was "no great shakes anyhow."  
       Col. Greenwood, Chief Engineer of the Eastern Division road, is in the mountains west of here making an exploration of the Puncha pass.
        We learn that quite a colony of people from Arkansas have settled near the "Point of Rocks," within the boundaries of Pueblo county.
        A small band of Arapahoes passed through the settlements on the lower part of the Las Animas a few days ago.  They behaved well for Indians.
        Three or four new dwelling houses have been raised in the upper part of town during the past week.  We have not learned the names of the owners.
        Berry's fine new building on Santa Fe Avenue, has met with an accident in the cracking of the walls.  A large portion will have to be torn down and rebuilt.
        The change of boundaries of Pueblo county, which was last winter made by the Legislature, adds $400,000 to the value of taxable property in the county.  
       There is a steady flow of emigration southward.  Emigrant wagon and trains pass through town daily.  Where they propose to "bring up," we are unsure.
        The cattle disease, which last year destroyed so much stock in Southern Colorado, has, we are sorry to learn, made its appearance again in some herds in this county.
        Large trains of wagons owned by Mexican citizens in the San Luis Valley, are daily passing through town, on their way homeward from the northern part of the Territory.
        Charles S. Blake, Esq., formerly of Colorado, but lately residing in the city of Philadelphia, has purchased the interest of the heirs of Gervacio Nolan, in what is known as the "Nolan Grant," with a view of establishing on it a residence.
        On Saturday last and Saturday night, we were blessed with copius showers of rain.  We hope that there will be a fair yield of grain on the Fontaine qui Bouille, where but for the rain a number of fields, which at first promised well, would have yielded nothing.  
       A man in the employ of the telegraph company, and engaged in the erection of the line, was lately killed near Las Vegas, N. M., by the falling of the telegraph pole while he was putting on the wire.  His neck was dislocated and he died instantly.  
       Bishop Randall of the Episcopal church preached in town last Sunday afternoon, and the Rev. Mr. McMains of the Methodist church in the evening.   
      The notice given last week of the postponement of Bishop Randall's visit to Canon, was based on facts then in our possession, but were, we are glad to say, premature.  Bishop Randall will preach in Canon city according to original appointment, on Sunday, July 19th, at the usual hour of service.  
       Mr. Hunsacker, the telegraphic operator at this place, has gone to take charge of the office at Las Vegas, leaving Mr. Snyder in charge of the office here.
        It will be seen by reference to our telegraphic dispatches, that there is talk among a knot of politicians in the East of a third Presidential ticket.
        Gen. Penrose and Capt. Berry from Fort Lyon, and Lieut. Shellabarger from Fort Reynolds passed through town last week, on the way to their respective posts of duty.
        A few wheat crops are ripe for the harvest in the Arkansas Valley.  The large crops on the ranches around the foot of the mountains will not be mature in less than a month.  
       The water has failed on some of the ranches on the St. Charles.  The late rains will, however mature the growing crop on that stream.  The waters on all the tributaries of the Arkansas have been lower this summer, than at any other period since '63.  
       There is now a daily line of coaches from the end of the Eastern Division Railway to Santa Fe.  The terminus of the railroad is now 132 miles from Bent's Fort.  The old line of travel up the Arkansas river is, like the Platte route, almost deserted by travelers.
        W. S. Cheesman, druggist, 38 Blake street, Denver, advertises his business in another column.  Mr. Cheesman is one of the oldest merchants in Denver.  He keeps a splendid assortment of everything in his line of business and is eminently worthy of the public favor.   
      Some of the farmers in the lower part of the county are raising sweet potatoes.  Our climate is admirably adopted to the production of this vegetable, but the difficulty and expense of bringing the seed from the States has hitherto prevented their being raised, except by way of experiment.  
       For the benefit of travelers going southward during the season of high water, we would state that there are only three bridges across the Arkansas river below the foot of the mountains.  One at Canon City, one at the Rock Bluff Canon, eight miles above Pueblo, and Mr. Young's bridge at this place.  
       Southern Colorado is just now in the focus where Governon Gilpin's "two great columns" are converging.  Daily accessions are being made to our population from the south, east and north, or American immigrants, while Mexicans from the northern part of New Mexico are pouring into the counties of Las Animas, Costilla and Conejos.  There is yet room enough and to spare.
        POCKET BOOK FOUND. -  On the Fountaine qui Bouille, near Woodbury's Ranch, twenty-five miles above Pueblo, by Oliver L. Boggs, a large pocket-book, containing among a large package of papers, a draft for $708.71, on the Depositary of the United States at Santa Fe, in favor of L. B. Maxwell, and bearing his blank indorsement thereon.  The owner can have the same by calling at the CHIEFTAIN office, proving property and paying for this advertisement.   
      Our neighbor, Hiney of the Planters House, has succeeded in obtaining pure cold water from the well on his premises.  His is the first successful experiment of the kind which has been tried in town.  Our people have hitherto had to depend upon the river and the acequias for their supply of water for domestic uses, the wells heretofore dug, having been strongly impregnated with mineral properties, which rendered the water unfit for use.   
      Col. Alex. Rey, formerly of Park county, died a short time ago in Paris, France, where he was temporarily engaged in the sale of Colorado mining property.  He was well known to many of our citizens.   
      Prof. Powell's party, organized for the exploration of Colorado river, is temporarily sojourning in Denver.  Prof. Healy the literary man of the party was in Colorado city on Monday last looking at the "Garden of the Gods," the natural monuments, and other wonders of that wonderful region, with a view of "writing them up," for some of the eastern journals with which he corresponds.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, July 23, 1868  
       We published an article a few weeks ago for the purpose of calling the attention of capitalists to Southern Colorado, as an advantageous location for one or more woollen factories.  We now desire to present a few additional facts bearing upon that subject.  The annual assessments of the different counties of Southern Colorado are as yet incomplete, and it is impossible at present to present the figures drawn from official sources, showing exactly the number of sheep in the south part of the Territory.   
      About a year and a half ago we made a careful computation of the number of sheep in the counties of Conejos and Costilla, and ascertained beyond question that there was in those counties upwards of 150,000 head.  That number has since that computation unquestionably increased at least thirty per cent., making in those counties alone 195,000 head of sheep.  This number is about equally divided between the two counties.  It is safe to assert that the county of Las Animas contains a number equal to either one of the counties first named, or 87,500.  The counties of Huerfano and Pueblo together contain at least 35,000 more, so that we have by computation 317,500 sheep in the counties of Southern Colorado.  Our former estimates of 250,000 was an under estimate, thrown together somewhat hastily, and without all the facts in regard to the subject which have since been placed at our disposal.  Our present estimate is based upon information gleaned from various sources, and a personal knowledge of the numbers of sheep in many of the largest herds.
        These sheep are generally of the course-woolled Mexican variety, but are susceptible of easy improvement by being crossed with the better breeds of sheep raised in the States.
        Within the limits of this wool-growing district water power everywhere abounds.  The Arkansas at any point from Canon City to Pueblo, a distance of forty-five miles, affords an inexhaustible supply which may easily and cheaply be made to subserve any and every manufacturing use.  These is also an ample supply of water power on the Culebra, Huerfano, Conejos and Las Animas.  
       As we have before remarked in connection with this subject, there is no woollen manufactory in the entire district referred to, nor any consumption of wool except by the Mexicans, who manufacture a few fabrics by the most simple and slow processes.  The capacity of the country to produce wool, is practically unlimited.  Sheep feed upon our immense natural pastures the year around, without being fed, and without other care than herding.  A population of not less than 150,000 souls, are within a radius of not more than two hundred miles of the centre of this wool-growing region.  That population is steadily and permanently increasing, thus securing a sure market for the products of any woollen factory which may be established among us.
        We earnestly hope by a presentation of these facts to induce some capitalist to make the experiment of establishing a woollen manufactory in our midst, satisfied that by so doing the country will be greatly benefited, and the investment be made to pay immense profits.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, July 23, 1868 LATEST FROM THE MORENO MINES.
L. B. Maxwell is about to erect a stamp mill at the nearest convenient place to his rich quartz lode on Ute Creek.  The lode will be remembered as the one which yields by assay from $15,000 to $20,000 per ton… The Moreno Water and Mining Company are crowding the work upon their ditch as fast as possible, and expect to have the work completed by as early as the 1st of October next… A company has been organized for the purpose of constructing a ditch to supply water for the Last Chance diggings… The mines in Willow Gulch are being advantageously worked, with an abundant supply of water… Work in the Spanish diggings is pretty much all suspended for want of water.  Active operations will commence on the completion of the Moreno Water and Mining Company's ditch… A mill for $1,000 is to come off on the 26th, between John Shaunnessy, weight 140 pounds, and Sam James, weight 170 pounds… The Vigilantes of Elizabethtown, not having anything in the way of legitimate business, by which to "keep their hands in" lately hung an effigy ingeniously constructed of a stuffed suit of clothes.  Some fellow stole the boots and hat from their imaginary rogue, and now they are in earnest trying to hunt the fellow up… Virginia City is exceedingly dull, most of the few houses there being vacant, while at Elizabethtown every room, loft and cellar is occupied, and a number of new buildings in the course of construction.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, July 23, 1868  
       Hon. B. B. Field, of the Huerfano, was in town yesterday.  
       The wheat harvest has commenced in Southern Colorado.
        The largest herd of sheep in Pueblo county, contains 5,500 head.  
       It has been raining about the base of the mountains every day during the past week.  
       The boys are catching plenty of fish, from the Arkansas, of large size and fine flavor.   
      Mr. Wildeboor opened his school last Monday with a full attendance of scholars.   
      L. R. Stemm, Esq., of the Huerfano, gave the CHIEFTAIN office a call on Tuesday last.   
      The large stores of Rettburg & Bartels and Kastor & Berry, on Santa Fe avenue, are nearly complete.  
       We had copious showers of rain during the past week, but the extreme heat of the weather remains unabated.  
       A barber is badly needed in Pueblo.  Here is an opening, for a tonsorial artist, "rarely equalled and never surpassed."  
       The co-partnership heretofore existing between Donelly & Peggs, painters, has been dissolved.  Donelly continues the business.  
       Kastor & Berry have for sale thirty-five head of excellent beef cattle and cows, to which they call the attention of stock dealers.  
       Travelers to New Mexico and the Moreno Mines will find the hotel of A. J. Calhoun, at Maxwell's, an admirable place to lie over and rest.  
       The Denver National Bank advertise in our columns to-day.  Its management is made up from the oldest and most reliable business men of the Territory.   
      There are six telegraph offices on this U. S. & N. M. line, south of this place, as follows: Doyle's, Trinidad, Maxwell's, Fort Union, Las Vegas and Santa Fe.  
       Among the new post routes created by act of Congress, is one from Booneville in the county, to Badito in Huerfano, by the way of Fort Reynolds, Doyles' and Craig's.   
      Price & Holbrook, at Bent's old Fort, know how to keep hotel.  Strangers stopping with them, are sure of hospitable treatment and the best the country affords.   
      The Ute tribe of Indians have promised to remove permanently to the west side of the Sierra San Juan, so soon as they receive their instalment of annuities for this year.  
       The Apaches are said to be ravaging the district of country on the Pecos in New Mexico, which has lately been vacated by the removal of the Navajos to their own country.  
       The changeable weather for the last few days has not changed the prices of Tobacco and Cigars at J. Rice's Tobacco Store, Pueblo, which are going well at prices that suit every one.  
       Mr. M. M. Giles of this place brought to our office a bunch of heads of wheat, of a size and quality superior to any we have yet seen.  He has a field of the same quality ready for harvest.  
       A number of gentlemen from Fort Lyon passed through town last week, with the intention of locating a pre-emption claim on Pike's Peak.  Being in doubt about finding the crater of which Richardson and others write, they took a drop of the crather with them.   
      We direct the attention of our readers to the advertisement of S. V. Livingston & Co., Elizabethtown, N. M., dealers in Hardware, &c., which appears to-day for the first time.  Theirs is the only exclusive hardware store in New Mexico.  Give their establishment a call.   
      There will be Episcopal church services in the court house on Sunday, July 26th, at 11 a.m.  Sermon by Rev. F. W. Winslow, on the Claims and Characteristics of the Protestant Episcopal church.  There will also be Episcopal services at Fort Reynolds, subject to the approval of the commanding officer, on the same day at 5 1/2 p.m.  
       Dr. Beshoar, senior proprietor and editor of the CHIEFTAIN, was about to leave the Moreno Mines for Taos at the date of our latest advices.  
      Hays City is by railroad 571 miles from St. Louis.  Cheyenne by rail is 1,013 miles from Chicago.  
       Moses Anker, Esq., put in an appearance among his neighbors on Tuesday last.  He has been absent for several weeks in attendance on the New York Convention.  
       The Pueblo House kept by Harry Pickard has no superior in Colorado.  By close attention to the wants of his guests, Pickard has honestly earned an enviable reputation as a landlord.  
       We are happy to learn that suitable lots have been selected in town upon which to erect an Episcopal Church, and that the building will be commenced immediately.  Bishop Randall has subscribed one thousand dollars to aid in the work.  
       During the severe rain on Friday last, a small adobe house in the rear of Wilderboor & Gilman's restaurant, was washed down and entirely destroyed.  A small child of Mrs. Williams met with a narrow escape, but was rescued from the falling building uninjured.   
      The "heated term" we have been experiencing in Colorado appears to have extended in an intensified form all over the east.  Deaths by sun-stroke are fearfully common in all the large cities.  As many as one hundred cases are reported in a single day in New York.
        Wildeboor & Gilman run their restaurant in first-class style.  Everything in the market in the way of eatables can always be had there served up a la Paris fashion.  Hank Gilman who superintends the cooking department can't be surpassed anywhere, in his line of business.  Prof. Blot could take lessons from him and learn something new.
        The last treaty with the Arapahoe Indians provides for the selection of a number of sections of land on the late reservation, in the lower part of this county, for the half breeds of that tribe.  This has not yet been done, although it is an exceedingly important matter to the interests of the county, in order that settlements may be made without fear of intruding upon the rights of the Indians as defined by the treaty.  We hope the commissioner, Col. Boone, will attend to business as speedily as possible.  
       We learn from Lieut. Thomas who left Fort Lyon on the 16th, that news had just reached that place, that a large party of Indians (of what tribe it was not known) had taken all the government stock at Larned.  The garrison at Fort Harker were under arms ready to move at a moment's notice.  Satante, the Kiowa chief, was at Fort Lyon last week with over a hundred warriors.  He professed to be very friendly, but persons familiar with Indian strategy, say he means mischief.   
      There are a number of hot springs in the northern part of San Luis valley, which are said by those who have visited them to be a very great natural curiosity.  A number of conical hills rise to a considerable height above the level of the surrounding plain and at the apex of each there is a spring of water at nearly boiling heat.  They are well worth the trouble of a long trip to see them.    
     Our article published last week, entitled "The Arkansas and its Tributaries," failed to do justice to certain localities.  Beaver Creek, among other localities, was too slightly noticed to present properly the advantages of its rich agricultural valley and splendid water power.  It was practically impossible within the limits of a single article to present in detail all the facts in regard to every portion of the Arkansas Valley.  We shall before long return to the subject, and endeavor to faithfully represent the advantages of every locality in Southern Colorado.   
      We learn from the News that a number of artists from Chicago are in Colorado with a view of taking sketches of our mountain scenery.  Let them go and see the view from the top of the Sangre de Cristo pass, the mountains above Canon city and "Old Baldy," near Fort Garland, if they wish to tell their friends they have seen Colorado.  At the localities we have mentioned the scenery for grandeur and beauty is unsurpassed in Switzerland, Italy, or (what is more to the purpose) even in the Rocky Mountains.  If the artists don't believe what we tell them, let them go and see for themselves.

Colorado Weekly Chieftains, July 30, 1868 and August 6, 1868  
       For the benefit of our readers at a distance, we present the following facts in regard to the towns of Southern Colorado:  
               COLORADO CITY,
the county seat of El Paso county, is located on the Fontaine qui Bouille, near the foot of Pike's Peak.  Although settled as early as '59, it has never attained much size, for reasons that apply with equal force to all the towns of Southern Colorado.  The general prosperity of all the southern counties was retarded by the closing of the southern, or the Arkansas, route to the Territory, when the war broke out.  The pursuits of the people are agricultural and pastoral, consequently the country population is scattered.  Colorado City bids fair to eventually become important as a place of resort for invalids and pleasure-seekers.  The opening of railroads to the foot of the Rocky mountains, will unquestionably bring an annual swarm of visitors to our Territory, actuated by the same motives with which travelers from all over the civilized world visit Switzerland and the Alps; that is to say, but the pursuit of health, and a commendible desire to see the wonders and beauties of a natural scenery unsurpassed in the classic lands of the East.
        For this class of travelers, Colorado City will be a favorite resort.
        The immense Soda Springs, on the Fontaine, above the town, are not only possessed of remarkable curative qualities, but are in themselves one of the greatest curiosities in Nature.  Properly constructed bath houses and a well-regulated hotel, for the accommodation of visitors, will attract thither swarms of tourists from all parts of the country.
        The "Garden of the Gods" is another locality, near Colorado, which is famous.  This is a sort of natural amphitheatre surrounded by walls of rock of wonderful beauty and sublimity.
        The natural monuments which abound in the vicinity of Colorado, have already been made famous by photographers and artists.
        All these attractions of Nature, added to the mildness and salubrity of the climate, and the proximity to the mountains, render Colorado City almost unrivalled in its attractions for invalids and pleasure-seekers.
        El Paso county contains a population of eight or nine hundred, which is steadily and permanently increasing.
                CANON CITY,
the county seat of Fremont county, contains a population of about two hundred.  It is located on the Arkansas where the river debouches from the mountains, and derives its name from its location.  The town is on a beautiful natural site, surrounded on three sides by high mountains.  Beyond question, the site and surroundings of Canon City are unsurpassed in the Territory.  The river, where it emerges from the canon, pure and sparkling, is "a thing of beauty," which the poet tells us is "a joy forever."  Rushing out from the shadows of stupendous overhanging mountains,
        "Like a steed in frantic fit,
        That flings the froth from curb and bit,
        The river chafes its waves to spray,
        O'er every rock that bars its way.  
       Till foam-globes on its eddies ride,   
      Thick as the schemes of human pride."    
     Canon City, aside from the natural beauty of its site, possesses a number of advantages which we shall endeavor to briefly present.
        The pass from the valley to the mining region of the mountains, which is entered here, is a natural gap of such easy ascent that the traveler can hardly realize that he is ascending a mountain, until he finds himself at its summit.  No such gap is known to exist anywhere else along the base of the mountains.  
       Springs of rock oil, which have been worked to a certain extent, are found about five miles from Canon City, on Oil creek.  It is not improbable that at no distant day they may prove a source of considerable wealth.  Coal beds, yielding a very superior quality of bituminous coal, are found a few miles southward from Canon City.   
      Here, too, is the site of the penitentiary.  The government has already appropriated for its erection the sum of $40,000, and it is reasonable to presume that an additional appropriation will eventually be secured.  A delay has occurred in the commencement of this work, which, it is understood, will not much longer continue.  It will soon be inaugurated and rapidly pushed to completion.   
      The Arkansas is easily available for water power, and without limit as to amount.   
      In addition to the advantages named, Canon is surrounded by a fine agricultural district, in a county containing about eight or nine hundred inhabitants and is doubtless destined to reach quite a prominence among the towns of the Territory.   
      Our town of Pueblo, the county seat of the county of the same name, is forty four miles below Canon, on the same river.  It contains a population of five hundred souls, which is steadily increasing.  Pueblo derives its importance from the fact that it is admirably located in the centre of a splendid grazing and agricultural district, which has no equal in the Territory.  Here is already the centre of a large and constantly increasing trade with the surrounding country.  On the line of travel up the Arkansas river as well as on the only route of travel from the northern portion of the Territory to New Mexico, at the confluence of the Fontaine qui Bouille with the Arkansas, the county seat of a county containing about three thousand souls, blessed with a mild and healthy climate, Pueblo possesses present advantages, and prospects of future improvement of a very flattering character.  Her merchants enjoy a lucrative trade with the surrounding country and it is becoming quite a grain depot for the adjacent farming districts.  The rearing of horses, cattle and sheep, for which the country offers almost unrivalled facilities, adds immensely to the wealth of the country and the trade of the town.     
     Without some unforeseen blow to its prosperity, Pueblo will be the most prominent mart of trade in Southern Colorado.    
      Trinidad, and the other towns of Southern Colorado, and the military posts, will be treated of in a continuation of this article, which we shall publish next week.
        Article continued…
the county seat of Las Animas County, contains a population of from five hundred to six hundred, partly of Mexican origin.  The town is located on the river from which the county takes its name, and in about the centre of population in the county.  A daily line of coaches from the terminus of the Eastern Division Railroad to Santa Fe, passes through this place, and it is also the terminus of the Denver and Santa Fe tri-weekly line of coaches.  Thus the entire travel from the States to the Territory of New Mexico, as well as from Colorado, passes through Trinidad.  The agricultural district surrounding the town is extensive and unsurpassed for fertility of soil, and variety of resources.  Fort Lyon and the new mining districts of the Moreno, furnish a market for the productions of the county.   
      The county of Las Animas contains a population of from 2,000 to 2,500, which is increasing at a rate unparalleled in any other part of the Territory.  
       One of the routes surveyed by the Eastern Division Railroad Company passes here, and many persons who are familiar with the route claim that the final location of the road through Trinidad, is a certainty.  A fine quality of bituminous coal, in veins of from six to eight feet in thickness, abounds in the vicinity of Trinidad.  
       A very large proportion of the personal property of Las Animas county consists of neat cattle and sheep.  Of the former alone there are not less than 20,000 head in the county.  
       Containing, as Las Animas county does, the elements of wealth, which we have endeavored briefly to notice, there can be no question but Trinidad, its only town, will remain a centre of population and business of constantly increasing wealth and importance.
        Huerfano county, although of considerable importance as an agricultural district, contains no towns.  Some of the large ranches supply their laborers with everything necessary for their sustenance, but the county has no commercial centre or trading point worthy of mention.    
             SAN LUIS,
the county seat of Costilla County, contains about one hundred families, almost exclusively people of Mexican origin.  This town in its prevailing style of architecture and in the customs which prevail among its inhabitants, is purely Mexican.  The county contains settlements older than any others in the Territory, Conejos alone excepted.  Neither the town nor the county are changing rapidly.     
    No great lines of travel pass through the county.  Its position is isolated and cut off by surrounding ranges of high mountains from much intercourse with the world.  The people maintain themselves by cattle and sheep raising and the production of the cereals.  The population of the county, amounting to about 2,500, is divided between San Luis and five or six other small towns, called by the Mexicans plazas, none of which are worthy of particular mention.     
is the county seat of Conejos.  It is one of several Mexican plazas of about equal size, and contains about fifty families of people - mostly Mexicans.   
       The county is in all essential respects like Costilla.  A description of one as to its position, productions, inhabitants and future prospects, is substantially a description of the other.  In both neat cattle and sheep are raised cheaply and constitute the chief source of wealth.  The inducements to settlement in Costilla and Conejos, are the beautiful and romantic surroundings, the mild, equable and healthful climate, and the facilities for raising cattle and sheep.  
       The permanent military posts of Southern Colorado are three in number, each containing two companies of soldiers.  
               FORT GARLAND,
sixteen miles north from San Luis, is located near the foot of the famous Sierra Blanca.  This post draws its supplies mainly from Costilla and Conejos counties.  Fort Garland on account of the beauty of its site and surroundings, has generally been a favorite location with the officers and soldiers.  The name was given, we believe, in honor of Hon. Hugh A. Garland.  
               FORT REYNOLDS,
eighteen miles below Pueblo, in Pueblo county, on the south bank of the Arkansas river, is named, we believe, in honor of Major General Reynolds.  This post was located only about a year ago.  It draws its supplies from the rich farming country immediately surrounding it.  The present design of the War Department is that it shall remain permanently for the protection of the surrounding country.   
              FORT LYON,
named in honor of Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, who fell in the late war, is also in Pueblo county, nearly opposite the mouth of the Las Animas, and about one hundred miles below Pueblo.  These military posts, to one unfamiliar with the expense of their maintenance, may seem a very trivial matter, but such is not the case.  They furnish constant and lucrative employment to a  great many men and teams, and consume a large amount of the surplus productions of the country about them.  
       In giving brief mention to a few of the most prominent points in Southern Colorado, we consumed much more space than we anticipated.  We trust, however, that we have been enabled to convey to strangers, who may have read our article, a just idea of the nature and extent of the resources of a tract of country, containing many and varied resources, and just now coming into public notice.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, July 30, 1868
                FORT REYNOLDS, JULY 27.
EDS. CHIEFTAIN: - Tarrying a few hours at this point, we thought we would take the privilege of an old correspondent and tell your uninformed readers something about it.  Fort Reynolds is a post established by the Government only last summer, and is situated on the south branch of the Arkansas, about sixty miles from the mountains.  Although so recently established, the buildings present a substantial and permanent appearance.  They are nearly all of adobes, and in their internal arrangements reflect great credit on the management.  The barracks are designed for only one company, but two companies seem to lodge in them very amicably and comfortably.  We were very much pleased with the appearance and discipline of the enlisted men.  
       Two lodges of Good Templars have been formed, one in each company which number nearly forty members in all.  They have fitted up a hall in an exceedingly tasteful manner, and supplied it well with Eastern newspapers.  They show considerable zeal and interest in the Temperance Cause, and find in their lodges an excellent means of relieving the tedium of post life.  We never appreciated the benefits of the order so fully as when we saw its workings here.  Most of these men have been reclaimed from intemperance through its influence, and have their attention led to better things.  It has certainly a most beneficial effect on the morals and discipline of the post.  It has been greatly encouraged by the patronage and example of the efficient commandant, Capt. Chas. A. Curtis, 5th U. S. Infantry, to whose excellent management very much of the superior appearance and order of the post is due.  We desire to acknowledge our indebtedness to Capt. Curtis and his estimable lady for their cordial hospitality during our visit.  The Captain's headquarters are, for Colorado, almost palatial, and in many little conveniences for comfort, give evidence of Eastern taste and culture.  We have never been better satisfied with a brief visit to any place, although we have traveled considerably.  
       In conclusion we only say that if our lot had been cast as an enlisted soldier in the regular army, we would wish no better fortune than to be sent to Fort Reynolds.      
           Faithfully yours,     

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, July 30, 1868   
      Charley Autubees, is the oldest settler of Pueblo county.   
      The term of the Probate Court will commence next Monday.   
      The mercury stood at 102 degrees in the shade yesterday at two o'clock.   
      Hon. A. A. Bradford arrived home from his northern trip, on Tuesday last.   
      Five new dwelling houses have been commenced in town during the last week.   
      Wanted, twenty-five wood choppers at once.  Enquire at Anker's One Price Store.   
      Why doesn't Denver take steps for the organization of a Colorado Historical Society?   
      See Harry Pickard's notice to jurors and witnesses of the October term, 1867, Pueblo County.    
     Our young friend, R. P. Gahr, of Cheyenne, has our thanks for a package of late eastern papers.    
     Albuquerque, New Mexico, takes its name from the Duke of Albuquerque - a Spanish grandee.    
     Santa Fe, New Mexico, was settled twenty-five years before the landing of the pilgrims at Plymouth.    
     All kinds of genuine currency taken for tobacco, cigars, pipes, etc., at J. Rice's Cigar Store, Pueblo,   
      Gov. Hunt has returned to Denver.  He expresses the opinion that there will be no trouble with the Utes.   
      To avoid sunstroke, keep in the shade.  We have also known persons to avoid cane-strokes by keeping shady.   
      The new road from Taos to the Moreno mines is completed.  The distance between the two places is 35 miles.   
      "A Tale of Two Worlds" is the title of a new novel.  It is understood to be a tale of this world and New Jersey.   
      We learn from our Denver exchanges that Generals Sherman, Grant, Dent, and other military men were in Denver last week.   
      Lieut. John J. Lambert, of the 5th Infantry, has relieved Lieut. J. Henry Shellabarger as A. A. Quartermaster, at Fort Reynolds.   
      Ex.-Gov. Cummings, late of Colorado Territory, has been nominated by the President for Commissioner of Internal Revenue.
        Mr. J. Alden Smith has joined the editorial corps of the Miners' Register.  He has charge of the mining and scientific department.  
       The distance from Pueblo to the terminus of the Eastern Division road is 235, by the common route of travel.  The distance to Cheyenne is just about the same.  
       Harry Pickard's Pueblo House has been enlarged and improved, and no public house in the Territory offers better accommodations for the traveling public.   
      P. D. Moore, Esq., has resigned the office of county commissioner, owing to continued ill health.  His resignation leaves a vacancy to be filled by appointment by the governor.  
       The Eastern papers say that Gens. Grant, Dent, and party expect to stay in the Rocky Mountains until September.  What place they propose to make immortal - for a few weeks - we are not in any manner advised.   
      The culinary department of Wildeboor & Gilman's restaurant, under the charge of Hank Gilman, is now conducted in a style, unsurpassed by any house of the like character in the Territory.  Meals are served up to order at all hours of day and are emphatically "square meals."   
      H. S. Ingraham, of Akron, Ohio, has a car load of the celebrated Excelsior Mower and Harvester for sale, at Pueblo, at manufacturer's prices.  The ranchmen of Southern Colorado can buy of him, on favorable terms as fine a machine as was ever offered to the public.  
       TO MY PATRONS. - Having removed my entire stock of goods to the Moreno Mines, I am very desirous to close all book accounts.  Parties who are indebted to me will confer a favor by an immediate settlement.  
               M. Anker  
               "One Price Store."  
       There will be Episcopal church services in the Court House on Tuesday, August 2d, at 11 A. M. and 8 P.M.  Preaching by Rev. F. W. Winslow, for the last time before his summer vacation.  Subject of morning's sermon, "Advantages of a Liturgical Form of Worship."  Arrangements have been made by which, through the agency of a lay reader, Episcopal church services will be continued at regular intervals during the absence of the rector.   
      Our correspondent, Amigo, just returned from the Huerfano, says that the crops all promise remarkably well, and that the unanimous voice of the people there is, that the "CHIEFTAIN" is the best paper published in the Territory.  Everybody seems to be more than satisfied.  Non-subscribers, please take notice.  
       A parish organization, under the direction of the Protestant Episcopal Church, and to be known by the title of St. Peter's Church, Pueblo, Colorado, has been recently founded, and the work of building an appropriate church edifice will be pushed forward immediately.
        Las Vegas, New Mexico, has no newspaper, but the citizens club together and pay for the telegraphic despatches on the U. S. & M. line, and keep them on a bulletin board for the use of the public.  
       We are receiving the Daily New Mexican, published in Santa Fe, N. M.  The paper makes a very creditable appearance, and is noticeable as being the first daily paper in New Mexico.  We wish the proprietors the most ample success in this enterprise.  
       The ferry boat at New Fort Lyon, owned by Adams, Allen & Co., is now in complete running order.  This is the largest boat that has ever been on the Upper Ankansas.  People wishing to cross the river at that place will now be enabled to do so without much delay.
        Contracts have been let for grading the Colorado Central Railroad from Golden City to some point on the Platte - either the mouth of Clear Creek or Denver, as may be hereafter determined.  The intention of the Directors of this road is to exend it to the mining district of Gilpin and Clear Creek counties.  
       We have received from R. W. Woodbury, Esq., secretary of the Denver Board of Trade, a copy of their pamphlet on Colorado, lately published at the Tribune office in Denver.  This pamphlet is typographically, vastly superior to the edition of the same work issued a few months ago from an eastern press.  It contains many facts of interest to everybody in Colorado.  
       Graybill & Co., No. 345 North Third street, Phildelphia, advertise in our columns this week.  The ominous name need frighten nobody, as we are assured by some of their customers that their bills wear a less sombre hue than is usual in these hard times.  The merchants of Colorado and New Mexico will find it decidedly to their advantage to give Messrs. Graybill & Co. a call.  
       The CHIEFTAIN has rapidly increased its subscription list during the last two weeks.  Its advertising columns are also much better filled.  These facts, together with complimentary notices from newspapers and from private sources, from New York to Arizona, demonstrate that our efforts to make a newspaper second to none in the Territory, are duly appreciated by an intelligent public.  We ask our friends to aid us in extending our circulation, assuring them that thereby our usefulness will be increased.  No pains will be spared in the execution of our design to keep the CHIEFTAIN at as high a level as any of its contemporaries.   
      We call the attention of our readers to the advertisement headed "High School for Girls, in Denver."  We are assured by Bishop Randall that the school will open with a most efficient corps of teachers, and that the boarding scholars will be under the charge of an experienced matron.  The building is spacious and airy and the dormitories have a separate bed for each pupil.  The furniture is of the most modern and improved kind.  A lady educated in Paris has been engaged to teach French.  The aim of Bishop Randall is to establish a school of so high a character as to do away with the necessity of parents sending their daughters to the eastern schools for an education.  We hope the school will be liberally patronized by our citizens.  
       TAOS ITEMS. - The irrepressible grasshopper has made way with more than one half the crops in the Taos Valley…  Dr. R. Scheifman & Bro., of Taos, have leased for a term of years the celebrated hot springs below Taos, and will fit up the buildings pertaining thereto, for the accommodations of invalids and pleasure-seekers…  A Mexican boy aged about twenty years, was arrested on the Rio Colorado, on the 16th inst., charged with larceny.  He is confined in the jail at Taos.  It is suspected that the same boy is the murderer of the three brothers Callen, on the divide last spring.  He is about five feet six inches in height, weighs from 125 to 130 pounds, has regular features, is marked with a cross on the forehead in Indian ink, and in like manner on the inside of his left arm, has scars, one on the left thumb, one on the right hand and two on the right elbow.  The boy reads, writes and speaks the English language, and says he formerly belonged to the 2nd Colorado cavalry.  He is undoubtedly the same boy who was sentenced for larceny at the spring term of the Pueblo court, and afterwards escaped from custody.  He then gave his name as Diego Fernandez.  He will be kept in jail in Taos long enough for our Territorial authorities to claim him if they wish to do so.  
       Messrs. Young, Carlile & Warner have opened a livery stable at their new barn in the upper end of town.  
       The yield of wheat in the country round about Pueblo, has never before been so abundant as it is the present season.   
      Captain Chas. A. Curtis, of Fort Reynolds, has been chosen to fill a professorship in the Norwich, Vermont, University, of which institution he is a graduate.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, August 6, 1868
ITEMS FROM SAN LUIS VALLEY. - The Sangre de Cristo mining company which suspended work some time ago, has again commenced active operations.  Their mines are located in the vicinity of the old Grayback diggings, on a branch of the Sangre de Cristo… Mayer & Co., the extensive firm that supplies most of the goods consumed in Costilla and Conejos counties, last spring shipped 50,000 lbs. of wool to the States.  They have 100,000 lbs. more to ship in a few days… The injury done by grasshoppers is much less than has been generally reported.  On the Culebra Trinchera and Saguache, the crops have been very little injured, and the yield will be an average one.  On the Costilla, about one half a crop will be raised.  On the Conejos and San Antonio, the crops have been badly damaged but it is thought sufficient will be produced for the subsistence of the inhabitants.  In the Sierra Gaudalupe (Guadalupe?), the destruction of crops by that voracious insect, has been complete…  The Saguache people are exultant over the prospect that the Eastern Division Railroad, will be constructed through their midst by the way of the Puncha pass… The 25th, St. James' day, was observed by the Mexican population in their usual style.  Horseback racing, fandangos, etc., having been the order of the day.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, August 6, 1868  
               LETTER FROM ORO CITY.  
               ORO CITY, JULY 28, 1868
EDS. CHIEFTAIN: - I have just returned from a trip over the range, to Buckskin, Musquito and Fairplay.  I took it afoot, and what with floundering through and over immense snow banks one minute, and the next wading through extensive strawberry patches, and every variety of mountain flowers, I had a pleasant and agreeable jaunt.  
       Footing it across the range, however, may be fine fun for old miners, but it is rather too trying on the respiratory organs to agree well with me.  
       For the last month we have had regular afternoon showers, but on my arrival at Buckskin, the rainy season culminated in a regular, hard and continuous pour down.  In Fairplay the flumes and ditches were damaged to the amount of two thousand dollars, and Iowa Gulch, near here, about the same.  
       Buckskin and Musquito have, to a stranger, a rather dilapidated and unthrifty look, but the residents there tell me they are doing very well, and that they have expectations, which, if realized, will make all of them millionaires.  
       Fairplay is quite a thriving, bustling little town, of perhaps a hundred and fifty inhabitants.  Miners there, are doing moderately well.  
       This gulch, (California) has a population of three hundred men, and all of them hard at work.  Nearly all the claims here pay about fifteen dollars (currency), to the man per day; some as high as twenty and twenty-five dollars per day.   
      Our Pueblo townsmen, Doc Burt, Wm. Barbour, Joe and Chauncey Burt, and Josh Lamkin, are doing very well.  Doc is taking out sixteen dollars per day to the man.  In his last clean up he found a small nugget weighing five ounces.  Doc tried to press it upon your correspondent as a keepsake, but it was refused, much to his displeasure - fact.  As soon as he gets into his good ground, he will take out big pay and big nuggets too.   
      Josh Lamkin, is pegging away, and says he will soon get to good pay, his present diggings, ten or fifteen dollars per day, not being good enough.  He wants, and is not satisfied with less than two ounce diggings.   
      The "Five-twenty Bar" is an institution by itself.  Howe & Foly dispense spiritual comforts in every form to all who are weary or thirsty.  Come and see.  
       FRANK, the Pueblo correspondent of the Denver Tribune, says you have a big crop of bedbugs this year - Ugh!  Such pests are not known here, and our sleep is not disturbed by their delicate attentions.  The mountains for me.        
        Respectfully,  H.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, August 6, 1868  
       To the Voters of the 3d Judicial District.  At the request of many of the voters of the District, I have consented to announce myself candidate for District Attorney of said District at the ensuing general election.   WILBUR F. STONE   
      Beef cattle for sale by Kastor & Berry.  
       Business is improving, at Trinidad.  
       Work cattle for sale, by Kastor & Berry.
        Cows & calves for sale, by Kastor & Berry.
        The District Court is in session at Canon City.
        Fred. Walsen is our authorized agent, at San Luis.  
       Several young American horses for sale, by Kastor & Berry.  
       Randolph Schmieding is our authorized agent, at Fort Garland.  
       Hon. Geo. M. Chilcott, our Delegate to Congress, is daily expected home.  
       County orders in Saguache county are on a par with greenbacks.   
      Lum Nuckols and Dr. Bissle, of Central, have gone to the States on a visit.   
      Rev. Mr. Winslow, left last Monday for a visit to Phildelphia, his native home.   
      Hon. Wm. G. Blackwood and Dr. R. Schiffmann, are our authorized agents at Taos, N. M.   
      Saltpeter abounds in the San Luis valley, on the west side Rio Del Norte, in inexhaustible quantity.   
      The timber lands on the "Divide" are to be offered for sale soon, at the Land Office in Denver.   
      Mr. Sam. McBride, the junior editor, left on Tuesday morning's coach for Denver, Golden, Central and Cheyenne, on business connected with the CHIEFTAIN.    
     The order directing Gen. Geo. P. Ihrie (?) U. S. Paymaster, to the East, has been revoked.  The General will remain for the present in Denver.  
       The election of this year will take place on the second Tuesday in September, which will come on the 8th day of the month.  
       Messrs. D. J. Hayden & Co., at their Tabeguache Mills, on the upper Huerfano, are driving a lively business, making a quality of flour which cannot be excelled in the Territory.   
      The attention of carpenters and contractors is invited to the advertisement of the building committee of St. Peter's Church, to be found in another column of this issue.   
      Our young friend, Mr. Dave Berry, of the firm of Kastor & Berry, has gone on a business trip to the Commercial Metropolis, on the other side of the Divide.  He will be absent for several days.  A pleasant time to you, Dave.    
     It is not generally known to the people of Southern Colorado, that nearly all the fine sign and ornamental painting about Denver, and several of the best signs in Pueblo, were painted by E. H. Collins, of Denver.     
    It is useless to ask any man in Colorado, where he got his native ring, pin, chain, charm or other jewelry, if it is ________ made.  Take for granted he bought it of A. B. Ingols, No. 178 F street, Denver, Colorado.     
    Harry Pickard, of the Pueblo House, is beyond question one of the most popular hotelists in the Territory.  He has been in the business a long time and just knows how to "sleep and eat people," in the most approved manner.   
      We notice a large frame building in course of construction on J street, we are informed it is to be a blacksmith and wagon shop.  Preparations for the erection of several dwellings have been commenced during the week.   
      Mr. Lew Barnum, of the Southern Overland Stage line, was in town last week, making arrangements preparatory to putting a tri-weekly line of coaches on the route from this place to Bent's Fort.  He thinks the line can be put into complete operation during the present month.  
       "A citizen" of Las Animas county writing on the subject of District Courts is mistaken in the grounds of his arguments.  The arguments are good enough in themselves, but the foundation is shaky.  We think if he will read all the laws on the subject on which he writes, carefully, he will thank us for not publishing his communication.
        Matt. Riddlebarger, of the Cuerna Verde, has been in town twice during the week on business connected with the express office.  He concludes there is something not right on the Line - that his package of match-boxes and tissue paper has either been gobbled by spies about the Denver office, or that they have been delivered to the wrong man from this office.
        Cheyenne, No 2, is to be at Greenville, at the crossing of the Green river.  
       Hons. A. A. Bradford, Geo. A. Hinsdale and W. F. Stone, have gone to Canon City to attend District court.  
       W. F. Stone, Esq., the prosecuting attorney for the 3d Judicial District announces himself a candidate for re-election at the September election.  
       Thos. Suasso, of the famous Doyle Ranche on the Huerfano, has gone to the hot springs near Las Vegas, on account of his health.  
       Wanted, an experienced miner to superintend gulch diggings, in the Sangre De Cristo mines.  An interest in the mine will be given to a reliable man.  Apply at Fort Garland.  
       The mill-race of Thatcher & Baxter's "Pueblo Flouring Mills," which was damaged during the heavy rains, is being rapidly repaired, and it is thought will be ready to resume operations within a week.  
       We invite attention to the advertisement of Messrs. Young, Carlile & Warner, three of our enterprising townsmen, who have associated themselves in the Livery, Feed and Stock sale business.  Their institution deserves a liberal patronage.  
       TO MY PATRONS. - Having removed my entire stock of goods to the Moreno Mines, I am very desirous to close all book accounts.  Parties who are indebted to me will confer a favor by an immediate settlement.   M. ANKER, "One Price Store."
        The Miners Register having changed its head, and thus materially improved its general appearance, has also changed its name to Central City Register.  The Register office is one of the best in the West, and the Register itself a live paper - typographically well executed, a faithful recorder of events, with opinions of its own which it dares to express.  Success to ye, Mr. Register.  
       We are pleased to learn that Miss Lizzie L. Fraser, the energetic and enterprising agent of the Singer Sewing Machine Company, has established a permanent agency for the sale of those celebrated machines in Denver.  She has leased the commodious store-room in the News Building, formerly occupied by the United States Express company, and will at once open with a large assortment of sewing machines and baby carriages - both indispensible articles in every well regulated family.  
       VESTRY MEETING. - The first meeting of the vestry of St. Peter's Church, Pueblo, was held at the court-house on Wednesday evening, July 29th.  Hon. G. A. Hinsdale was temporarily called to the chair, and Mr. K. Wildeboor acted as secretary.  A building committee was appointed, consisting of Messrs. W. J. Young, C. J. Hart and E. Weston, who are to have sole charge of the erection of a church edifice.  The remainder of the vestry were appointed a committee to solicit subscriptions.  A permanent organization was then effected by the election of the following officers: senior warden, Hon. W. F. Stone, junior warden, James Rice, Esq., and secretanry, Mr. K. Wildeboor.  A committee of three, consisting of Messrs. H. C. Thatcher, Jas. Rice and Dr. J. Snyder, were appointed to draft by-laws, and report at the next meeting.  The vestry then adjourned to meet at the call of the senior warden.   K. WILDEBOOR, Sec'y.  
       ST. PETER'S CHURCH, PUEBLO. - The building committee appointed at the recent vestry meeting of St. Peter's Church, are taking active steps for the speedy erection of a church edifice.  The proposed building is to be constructed of adobes, the main building, 50x27 feet, with a tower ten feet square at the front corner.  The roof of both the main building and the tower is to be of 2/3 pitch, and the doors and windows Gothic.  The height from the ground to the ridge pole will be 31 (?) feet.  It is designed that the building shall be an ornament to the town.  Enough has been subscribed to warrant the committee in pushing forward the work immediately; but several hundred dollars additional will be necessary to finish it.  No debt will be incurred; the work will stop when the funds are exhausted.  We trust that our readers will see the importance to the town and neighborhood of the proper and speedy completion of a church edifice, and that those who are desirous to aid in the work will promptly signify their willingness to the committee.  The following gentlemen constitute the committee for that purpose, and subscriptions will be gladly received and credited by any one of them: Hon. G. A. Hinsdale, Hon. W. F. Stone, and Messrs. H. C. Thatcher, J. W. Snyder, M. D., F. W. Walker, Jas. Rice and K. Wildeboor.  The contract for the carpenter's work will be let to the best and lowest bidder.  Plans and specifications are in the hands of the building committee, Messrs. Young, Hart and Weston, who are ready to receive and consider all bids presented prior to August 10th.  Contracts for the foundation, walls and lumber, have already been let, and the work will be pushed forward as rapidly as possible.  Subscriptions may also be received at this office.  
       From the Hays City Advance we learn that Mr. Geo. Mathews, an old and much respected citizen of that place, is about to remove to Trinidad, Colorado, to embark in business at that place.
        We are sorry to learn that the Denver Pacific Railroad will probably not be completed until next year.  The early completion of the road is important to every citizen of Colorado.
        A number of Denver gentlemen were in town this week on business, among whom we mention Capt. Anderson, Chas. S. Rothschild, Wm. Barth and C. P. Elder.  Judge Hallett passed through on his way to Canon City.
        The following is the roster of officers on duty at Fort Garland: Maj. H. B. Fleming, 37th U. S. Infantry, commanding; Lieut. H. G. Cavenaugh, 37th U. S. Infantry, Post Adjutant; Lieut. John Ralford (Rulford?), 37th U. S. Infantry, A. A. Q. M.; Capt. Jas. Thompson, 37th U. S. Infantry, commanding company; Lieut. A. Sidney Smith, 37th U. S. Infantry, commanding company; Assistant Surgeon and Brevet Major E. McClellan, Post Surgeon; Rev. J. A. M. La Tourette, Post Chaplain.  We venture nothing in saying that no Post on the frontier can boast of more efficient officers and thorough gentlemen, than those of Fort Garland.    
     MARRIED. CAVENAUGH - LA TOURETTE. - At Fort Garland, July 28th, at the residence of the bride's father, by the Rev. J. A. M. La Tourette, post chaplain, H. G. Cavenaugh, 2d Lieutenant 37th Infantry, U. S. A., to Miss Vina La Tourette.     
    DIED.  STEEL - On the Fontaine qui Boulle, on the morning of the 2d inst., Jennie, wife of M. F. Steel.  Mrs. Steel leaves an affectionate husband and four small children to mourn her loss.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, August 13, 1868
                CATTLE RAISING.
Our recent articles on wool-growing have attracted the attention of several eastern capitalists, and we may reasonably hope will be the means of establishing a woollen factory in our midst at no distant day.  In this article we shall address ourselves to the consideration of another source of wealth which lies open to all persons who will seek it in Colorado.  We refer to the great profit attending the raising of cattle.  We hazard nothing in asserting that there is scarcely any other legitimate business that will pay so liberal a per cent, on the capital invested.  With a mild, pure climate, so well adapted to the raising of stock, with the richest and most nutritious herbage covering our hillsides and our valleys, with an abundance of cool refreshing streams, Colorado as a stock-growing country certainly holds out rare inducements.  When Colorado was first settled, the gold-hunters, fevered with the exciting hope of finding the precious metal in the greatest profusion anywhere within two or three hundred miles of Pike's Peak, and with no idea of remaining here more than a few months, or just long enough to gather up sufficient gold to make them rich, never for a moment dreamed of directing their attention to the growing of cattle.  Disappointed, and adventurous, some of them have gone farther west in search of a golden fortune; others with more faith in the mines, have patiently worked away until their labors are now being well rewarded; others again, the gold excitement dying away, discovering that untold weath was spontaneously growing out of the surface of the ground, have as a sure means of success, directed their attention to cattle-growing.  Under a mild and healthy climate like ours, and in a country where the richest grass grows most luxuriantly the entire year, graziers with but a small capital to invest in the start, will soon become rich men.  
       It is only necessary to make an estimate of the natural increase of stock, together with the expense of herding, to ascertain approximately, at least, the large per cent, that an investment in cattle will pay.  Suppose a man with a capital of five thousand dollars should buy two hundred head of two year-old heifers, estimating that American heifers at that age are worth twenty-five dollars per head.  At the end of the first year he would have with the natural increase of the stock two hundred three year-old cows, and one hundred and eighty calves - allowing that ninety per cent of the cows raise calves.  At the end of the second year he will have with the natural increase two hundred cows, one hundred and eighty calves, and one hundred and eighty yearling heifers and steers. 
Estimating that of the natural increase the heifers and steers are equally divided at the end of the third year, with the natural increase, he will have two hundred and ninety cows, ninety two-year old steers, one hundred and eighty yearling steers and heifers, and two hundred and sixty-one calves.  At the end of the fourth year with the natural increase, he will have three hundred and eighty cows (including the two-year-old heifers, for in this prolific country heifers at two years of age or a little over, generally calve, and sometimes much younger) ninety three-year old steers, ninety two-year-old steers, two hundred and sixty one yearling heifers and steers, and three hundred and forty-two calves - making an aggregate of one thousand, one hundred and sixty-three head of stock.  Six months later, i.e. four years and a half from the time the original investment was made, the entire herd will realize at the low average price of twenty five dollars per head, the neat sum of (29,075) twenty-nine thousand and seventy-five dollars.  The only expense attending the raising of the stock is the cost of herding.  Not more than two men with wages not exceeding thirty-five dollars per month, would be needed to herd and manage the number of cattle above referred to.  The expense of boarding the herders, or rather the expense of the herders boarding themselves, is no considerable item.   
      With the above data before us, which we believe to approximate to correctness, it will be readily seen that there is perhaps no other investment which will return so large and certain a profit.  Browsing over a perpetual grazing ground here in Colorado, and more especially in that portion of it south of the divide, luxuriating in the richest pasture, slaking their thirst in the living streams that perennially flow through our valleys, inhaling the pure, wholesome atmosphere peculiar to this country, the cattle of Colorado will compare favorably with any in the world.  Not consuming a grain of corn during the whole year, but ever, both winter and summer, grazing and roaming over our boundless pastoral lands, the rightful inheritance of the departing buffalo and antelope, the cattle grown here are universally admired by those who profess to be good judges of stock, for their beautifully rounded, finely shaped, and well developed bodies.   
      Capitalists and even those who are blessed with but limited means are turning to good account the rare grazing facilities here enjoyed.  Colorado can boast of cattle upon a thousand hills, and in a thousand vales too.  The number of cattle, increased by importations from abroad, is rapidly multiplying.  In Pueblo county alone there are not less than fifteen thousand head of cattle.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, August 13, 1868  
       Having recently, in our tour through Southern Colorado and New Mexico, visited the Pueblo Indians of the Taos Valley, we will give to our readers the result of our observations as to their mode of life, their religion, their education, conjugal relations, &e.  As in a former number of the CHIEFTAIN we described in detail the manner in which their dwelling place, or "Pueblo" is constructed, it is needless to allude to it again.  Their village is situated on their reservation on the Rio Pueblo, three miles north of Fernando de Taos.
is three miles square.  Not content with so small a tract of land, they have bought other lands adjoining their reservation.  Having thus by donation and purchase obtained more land than they as yet actually require for agricultural and pastoral purposes, they annually lease a portion of it to Mexicans, living in the vicinity.
        THE NUMBER
of the Pueblo Indians, including men, women and children, is about five hundred.  
They still cling with wonderful tenacity to their own peculiar, tribal dialect; but many of them - perhaps half - have by associating with the Mexicans, become familiar with the Spanish, which they speak as correctly as a majority of the Mexicans.  
No one of the tribe can read.  Their laws are transmitted by tradition, and their accounts are kept with beans or grains of corn, just as many of the Mexicans keep theirs - a white grain a unit, and a red one representing a certain number of white ones.  They have a school open one or two months each year, in which the children are taught to memorize a few prayers and songs as they are repeated to them by their teachers.  Letters and figures are not taught.
Their agricultural implements are of the rudest kind, such as are generally used by the Mexicans - purely primitive.  They are said to be more industrious and better farmers than the Mexicans, and owning a fine body of the most fertile land, they raise abundant supplies of corn, wheat, beans, and vegetables.  They have also large numbers of horses, cattle, asses, sheep, goats, poultry, and hogs.
is administered by a Gobernador, an alcalde, an aquacil, and senors (these being the Spanish names of their officers).  The first three hold their offices for life, and on their demise, their offices descend respectively to their eldest sons.  The senors consist of a certain number of the oldest men in the village.  If a vacancy among the senors is occasioned by death or otherwise, it is filled by the oldest man of the tribe, not before ranking as a senor.  All cases, civil and criminal, are tried before an alcalde; but should a party feel aggrieved by his decision, he has the right to appeal to the Gobernador, whose decision is final.  In case either of the parties to a suit should be a Mexican or an Indian not belonging to the Pueblo tribe, he may take his case before a Mexican alcalde.  The Indian in such case is obliged to submit to the Mexican alcalde's decision; but where both parties are Indians they are compelled to submit to the authorities of their own tribe.  It is also the alcalde's duty each day, but particularly each Sunday morning, to announce the approaching feasts and fasts, and to give the tribe moral advice.
        The Aquacil performs the constabulary duties, patrols the village, and seeing or hearing on any violation of the laws, or the order of the Gobernador or alcalde, he arrests the offender, and becomes the complaining witness, in the absence of any other before the alcalde.  The senors act as advisers to the Gobernador and alcalde, and approve of all new laws, regulations, or orders.  
       We will conclude the subject in our next number.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, August 13, 1868   
              COLORADO CITY, August 5, 1868.   
      EDS. CHIEFTAIN. - In my travels from Pueblo to this place, I carefully noticed the crop prospects in the valley of the Fontaine, and was agreeably disappointed to find them so favorable; in fact I believe it is conceded by most farmers on the creek that they will have a larger crop this season than has ever before been made here in the valley - at least more per acre - and as near as I can ascertain the amount of land cultivated is about equal to that of any other year.  From these facts it is evident that the yield of grain will exceed that of any other year since the valley was farmed, which is very encouraging in view of the discouraging prospects in the early part of the season.  
       I was shown a field of oats yesterday, near this place that good judges claim will average fifty bushels per acre.  There is the best stand of wheat and oats on the upper Fontaine, that I have ever seen in Colorado.  Many fields of wheat will yield from thirty-five to forty bushels per acre.  
       The farmers along the upper Fontaine have the advantage of those lower down, for this reason: the stream for half its distance from the mountains to its junction with the Arkansas, always affords enough water to irrigate all the arable land along its borders, while on the lower Fontaine, there is so much of the water that sinks in the sand, and is consumed by evaporation during a dry season, that not enough remains to irrigate the crops in the lower part of the valley, but that could be remedied to a great extent, if all the farmers would practice a system of economy.  Let one above his neighbor use as little water as will possibly do to water his crop, carefully conducting it so as to allow none to go to waste and trailing it along down to his next neighbor, in as narrow a channel as possible.  By such a system I believe an abundance of water would be the result the whole length of the stream, and the farmers furnished with water for all practical purposes, even in very dry seasons.  
       There are complaints from farmers on the lower Fontaine that the smut is damaging their wheat, but I believe it is not general.  On the upper Fontaine the crops seem to be free from smut, rust and weeds, and altogether very favorable.  
       Times are dull in the village, as should be expected at this season of the year, from the fact that many of the citizens have farms that engage their attention during the summer season, while others go to the mines, the consequence of which makes the place wear a dull appearance; but fall and winter restore it to its original life and vivacity.  Even within the last few weeks there has been a marked change here for the better, from the fact that there are a great many pleasure parties visiting this place and vicinity.  
       Pike's Peak, and the Soda Springs, and the glorious scenery around here, seem to be attracting far more attention than usual this season.  Parties are visiting here from various parts of the Territory, and from the East.  Colonel Greenwood remained here several days.  
       To nature's admirer, here is a field of grandeur where the soul can feed upon the sublime works of the Great Architect of the universe, and where the mind never wearies of the magnificence of the scenery.  
       I climb, next week, to the summit of old Pike, higher than I've ever been before, and perhaps higher than I will ever get again - but I hope not.  I go in company with a party from Denver, and the States.  We expect to stump speech it up there if it don't thunder and lighten so heavy as to frighten us away.     
                    C. L. H.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, August 13, 1868  
               Letter from Golden City.
                GOLDEN CITY, Aug. 7.
        EDS. CHIEFTAIN: - We have certainly been your "correspondent on the wing" this week, so much on it, indeed, that this is the first chance we have found to write.  The road from Pueblo to Denver is far from being the worst of roads, and certainly possesses attractions in the way of scenery, &e., but when one is forced to travel over it alone on a slow horse, the opportunities for observation greatly exceed the objects worthy of notice, particularly in the high toned columns of the "CHIEFTAIN."  Along the Fontaine we observed that the crops were all looking finely, and gave promise of an abundant harvest of oats and corn, though the rain was too late for the oats which were planted early.   
      We were quite shocked by the news of the sudden death of Mrs. Franklin Steele, whose loss was keenly felt by her husband's family.   
      A thunder shower prevented us from reaching the point we started for, the first day, and we were glad to seek refuge at Terrell's, where good accommodations can always be found for man and beast.  An early start enabled us to reach the junction with the Denver "cut off" before seven, and to breakfast at the hotel near that point, a hotel which we cordially recommend to that large class of people who like to pay an extravagant price for a very poor article.  Verbum aut.  
       We were overtaken at this point by the coach, and were rejoiced to see the genial face of the junior proprietor of the "CHIEFTAIN," who attempted the pleasant task of extracting water from a dry rock, i. e., money from the pockets of the proprietors of the hotel aforesaid.  We do not think that he made his fortune.
        Our next days journey brought us to a point on the Divide, eight miles south of Russelville, where we were glad to welcome a night's lodging on a pile of new hay in the stable.  We never enjoyed a more refreshing sleep.   
      The grass on the "Divide" this year is very luxuriant, and we could not but think it a pity as we rode along, that so many thousands of acres of rich grass were left to waste.   
      We reached Denver on the third day after starting, and found it seemingly absolutely "dead."  There did not seem to be as much business doing as in Pueblo.  There certainly was less stir in the streets than in the latter place the morning we left.  We do not wonder now that the Denver papers are so barren of interest.  There is absolutely nothing to say.  
       We encountered at supper Mr. Julius Silversmith, editor of the "Colorado Democrat," who seems like a very intelligent and pleasant gentleman, and inspired the hope of a valuable accession to Colorado journalism.  
       We again encountered in Denver the "CHIEFTAIN'S" junior, and engaged the pleasure of his company for a buggy ride to Central City.  We were hospitably and gratuitously entertained near Golden City, at the ranch of Mrs. Moses, who supplied us with fresh raspberries, to which I assure you the representatives of the "CHIEFTAIN" did justice.  We found Golden City much improved in appearance and evidently in a thriving condition.  There was a little excitement over the recent political attitude assumed by the Transcript.  
       The Central City road is simply abominable.  The rains have washed the dirt off, and a continual jolting is the consequence, besides the slow progress one is forced to make.  We were eight hours "working our way," (for we had to do considerable walking, which failed to agree with the "printer,") from Golden City to Black Hawk, a distance of twenty-four miles.  
       The mills at Black Hawk, and Central all seem fully occupied, and business is brisker than it has been for many years.  We did not stay long enough to collect any items of interest, or look round for the "lions," and are already this far on our way to Denver, which we hope to leave in the morning coach for Cheyenne.  We shall tarry a day in the "Magic City," from which we will try to write you.  
               Truly yours,  

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, August 13, 1868   
              DISSOLUTION NOTICE.   
      The copartnership heretofore existing between Hamilton & McLellan has this day been dissolved by mutual consent.         All the accounts of the late firm will be settled by Alfred Hamilton.  
       Pueblo, Col., August 3d, 1868.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, August 13, 1868
       By virtue of the authority vested in me by the laws of the Territory of Colorado.  I hereby give notice that at an election to be holden at the places of holding election, in the several election precincts.  As designated by the Board of County Commissioners, and published elsewhere in this paper in Pueblo County, on the Second Tuesday of September, A. D. 1868, the following County officers are to be chosen:    
     One Probate Judge in place of Mark G. Bradford, whose term of office expires.  
       One County Commissioner, for two years, in District No. 1, in place of P. D. Moore, who has resigned.  
       One County Commissioner, for three years in District No. 2, in place of G. H. Puateaucy (?) whose term of office expires.  
       One Assessor in place of John W. Felch whose term of office expires.  
       One Superintendent of Public Schools in place of Rev. C. H. Kirkbride, whose term of office expires.  
       And for all vacancies in the offices of Justice of the Peace, and Constables in the several precincts.   
       Sheriff's Office, Pueblo, August 10, A. D. 1868.
H. R. PRICE, Sheriff of Pueblo County.  Attest: J. D. MILLER, County Clerk.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, August 13, 1868
                Judges of Election And Board of Registry for the ensuing General Election, in Pueblo County, to be held the         Second Tuesday in September, 1868.  
       Precinct No. 1, At the Court House in Pueblo.  Judges - W. F. Stone, W. H. Young, C. D. Peck.
        Precinct No. 2, Booneville, at the house of Col. A. G. Boone.  Judges - E. S. Dunn, Darius Moody, V. D. Boone.
        Precinct No. 3, At the house of J. B. Bannister.  Judges - J. J. Cawlfield, O. B. Sutherland, John Eder.
        Precinct No. 4, At the house of C. B. Randall.  Judges - Milton Pollard, James Fairhurst, J. J. Sease.
       Precinct No. 5, At the house of J. W. Anderson.  Judges - J. W. Anderson, Phillip Zoeller, J. C. McClure.
        Precinct No. 6, At the house of James Chatham.  Judges - Weldon Keeling, Robert Johnson, James Chatham.
        Precinct No. 7, At the house of Thomas Boggs (Roggs?).  Judges - Charles L. Rite, John S. Hough, Samuel T. Hatch.
        Precinct No. 8, At the house of Lewis Kramer.  Judges - Robert Bagby, John Ross, George Gilbert.  
       Precinct No. 9, At the house of B. B. Field.  Judges - A. J. Patterson, N. W. Welton, B. B. Field.
       Precinct No. 10, At the house of W. D. McCormick.  Judges - Alexander Hatch, M. H. Murray, L. R. Stemm.
        Precinct No. 11, At the house of P. K. Dotson.  Judges - J. C. Dotson, S. S. Soase, Almon Coburn.  
       Precinct No. 12, At the house of A. Hicklin.  Judges - Matt. Riddlebarger, Charles Johnson, John W. Shaw.   
      Precinct No. 13, At Bent's Old Fort.  Judges - John Q. A. King, Mark B. Price, Lewis Barnum.
        I hereby certify that the above is a true list of names as selected by the Board of County Commissioners of Pueblo County, on August 6th, 1868, to act as Judges, and as a Board of Registers and the several places for holding polls at the next ensuing general election.  
               J. D. MILLER, County Clerk.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, August 13, 1868   
      Fine lot of smoking tobacco, just received at J. Rice's Tobacco store, Pueblo.   
      Last Sunday, Clelland's large ox train, loaded with wheat and corn, grown in the Arkansas valley, passed through town en route for Denver.   
      Mails leave Pueblo via Excelsior and Boonville to Bent's Fort every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday at 8 a.m.; and arrive in Pueblo, Monday, Wednesday and Friday, at 8 p.m.   
      H. H. Melrose is about to start a new butcher shop.  Having recently furnished beef on contract for Fort Reynolds, it may be presumed that he understands his biz.   
      Capt. Gillett and Lieut. Hannay of Fort Lyon, with their better halves passed through Pueblo on Monday, en route for Denver.  On their way, they expect to spend several days at the famous Soda Springs, near Colorado city.    
     We learn that there was an Episcopal ordination at Black Hawk on the 7th inst., when the Rev. C. Whiteheads of Black Hawk, and Rev. F. W. Winslow, of Pueblo, were admitted by Bishop Randall, to the order of Priests.  Three other clergymen were present, and took part in the ceremonies.  The attendance was large, and much interest was shown.    
     Messrs. Young, Carlile & Warner are enlarging their already commodious livery stable to a mammoth one - adding eighty feet, making its total length one hundred fifteen feet.  The livery stable has come to be quite an institution in our enterprising town.  There need no longer be any difficulty in securing livery rigs.    
     During the past week, the commercial metropolis of Northern Colorado, has been honored by the presence of Hon. Schuyler Colfax, Gov. Bross of the Chicago Tribune, Mr. Sam Bowles of the Massachusetts Springfield Republican, Miss Bowles and Miss Wade, niece, of the Senator.    
     NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC, BY M. BESHOAR! - Notice is hereby given by the undersigned to whom it may concern, that the business relation heretofore existing between Sherman Lynde and Michael Beshoar, in the town of Trinidad, and in the Territory of Colorado, has entirely ceased.  All persons are warned against crediting him on my account, as he is not authorized to act as my agent.  Debts contracted by him will not be paid by me.   
               MICHAEL BESHOAR.  
       Our much esteemed friends Henry A. Barraclough of the firm of Davis & Barraclough, and P. B. Sherman of the firm of Sherman & Silken, of Trinidad, passed through town last night, en route for the "nutmeg country," where we are informed they go in quest of small stocks of "dry goods," and a dozen or more band boxes, with the customary "incumbrances."  We heartily wish them success in their enterprise.  Such importations are wanted more than missionaries, among Pike's Peakers.  
       The CHIEFTAIN is read by every person in Southern Colorado.   
       Hon. Jno. W. Henry, with his wife, started to the Moreno mines on Tuesday.  He expects to return in three or four weeks.  
       NEW SHOEMAKER. - In one of our new advertisements, John Gilligen informs the public that he has opened a boot and shoemaker shop on Santa Fe avenue.  
       NOTICE. - Lost my pocket-book, containing $1,000, more or less.  Reward, 25 cents, if returned with enough county scrip to pay my tax.    G. W. MORGAN   
      On Tuesday, Judge Hallett and Hons. George A. Hinsdale and Wilbur F. Stone, returned to Pueblo from Canon City, the District Court there having adjourned on Monday.    
     Some of our townsmen have hied to the mountains, there to enjoy refreshing breezes, gather raspberries, and to tickle their palates with trout.  May Isaac Walton's choicest blessing rest upon the heads of his disciples.   
      News from the Moreno mines continue favorable.  Every day brings reports of recent and valuable discoveries.  In fact, intelligence from the mineral regions in every direction is very encouraging.   
      J. B. Graybill, of the firm Graybill & Co., whose advertisement may be seen in another column, and John Breneman, both of the city of Brotherly Love, are now visiting Pueblo.  These enterprising gentlemen pronounce themselves well pleased with Colorado, and signify their intention to locate somewhere within its limits next Autumn.   
      Dr. Michael Beshoar, the senior editor, started on Saturday's coach to Trinidad, to be gone about a week.  The citizens of Las Animas county will consult their own interests by furnishing the Doc with a long list of subscribers for the "CHIEFTAIN," accompanied with the ready cash.   
      Hon. D. D. Belden arrived in town on Tuesday.  He is now on his way to the San Luis valley.  Doubtless the Hons. D. D. Belden and Allen A. Bradford, who precedes him in his trip, will stir up the pure minds of the future constituents of _______.  Well, we'll allow the eighth day of September to finish the sentence.   
      THE EPISCOPAL CHURCH. - The foundation of St. Peter's Church, (Episcopal) has been dug, and some of the building material is already on the ground.  If we may infer from the plan and specifications, the new church edifice, when completed will be quite an ornament to the town.  The time within which proposals will be received for the building of the church, has been extended to the fifteenth inst.  
       Wild fruits are abundant this season.  The mountain sides are literally covered with them, especially with raspberries.  Raspberry wine and raspberry preserves are being made in large quantities by many families here.  Some of them are also putting up raspberries in cans.  When fall and winter come, they are determined to have a supply of these Rocky Mountain luxuries.  Almost every pleasure party that visits the mountains, give their trip a practical turn and bring back with them wild fruits in profusion.   
      Hon. George M. Chilcott, our Delegate in Congress, put in his appearance here on Tuesday.  Having served his constituents well and faithfully, his genial presence in our midst is welcomed by all.  His untiring zeal and assiduity in Congress, in procuring the passage of many acts looking directly to the interest of our people are fully appreciated.  His last crowning efforts in securing the repeal of the odious postal law, discriminating so unfairly and unjustly against the Territories, alone entitle him to great praise.  On every hand, from his constituents, irrespective of party, he hears the welcome plaudit, "Well done, good and faithful servant."
        Grasshoppers have appeared in great numbers near the Rock Canon bridge, and on the Huerfano.  They have come too late to do any material injury to the wheat crops, but by delaying their visit, may damage the growing corn.
        The medical fraternity have sought relief from their pressing professional duties by fleeing to the mountains in search of wild fruits, and with a view to recuperate.  While we write this, there is not a physician in town.  The unusual, or rather the usual health that everywhere prevails in Southern Colorado is lightning on doctors.
        There is a lady who owns and runs a large wholesale harness and saddlery establishment on Pearl street, New York.  She transacts her own business, and is daily at the store.  She has traveled extensively in this country and Europe, and is said to be the "smartest woman in New York."  Pueblo county boasts of a woman that owns and works a ranche, herds stock, drives mules, comes to town and disposes of her farm products, shears her own sheep, cards and spins her own wool, knits her own stockings, milks her own cows, hires and pays her own help, peddles gooseberries, attends to her own business, is good looking, and was never married.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, August 20, 1868  
       The penalties inflicted for the violation of law among the Pueblo Indians, consist of forfeiture of property, servitude, and corporal punishment.  Capital punishment is unknown to their laws.  A few examples of their trials and punishments may be interesting to our readers, and will go far to show the stage of their civilization.  
       1st.  A short time since a young gentleman was suspected of undue intimacy with a certain lady, who, by the way, was many years his senior.  Strict vigilance was instituted, and about ten days ago our hero was detected, and immediately arrested, and taken before the alcalde, who sentenced the young gentleman to marry the female at once.  He obstinately refused, and appealed to the Gobernador, who decided that he must either marry the woman or transfer to her a certain amount of land, and give her a blanket and a dress, and in case she should give birth to a child, he must support and educate it.  He accepted the alternative offered by the Gobernador, transferred the land, gave her his own blanket, and went in debt - thus exposing himself to the danger of peonage - to buy her a dress.  The woman did not entirely escape punishment.  She was banished from the village and compelled to live without the village walls, as unfit to associate with respectable ladies.    
     2d.  Two men had been to Fernando de Taos, where, having imbibed "one drink too much aguardiente," they returned to the village in a state of intoxication.  They were immediately arrested, shackled with raw-hide cords, confined in a subterranean room, and after the lapse of twenty-four hours were severely whipped.
They have all been converted to Christianity, yet many of them still hold to the traditions of Montezuma.  Some of them believe that he is still alive and look faithfully for his return, when, they imagine, he will drive the white race from the country, and make the Pueblo tribe a great nation.  They have a church edifice (Catholic) and are very attentive to the wants of their priest, who is a Frenchman.  A certain number of young men are detailed every day to keep the priest in wood for his parsonage and the convent, and in grass for his horse.  One young man is assigned to the constant duty of feeding, watering, and taking care of his horse.   
      On festive days, they approach the church singing and dancing.  The dancing is continued as long as the service lasts.  When remonstrated with by the priest, they replied: "What kind of a religion would we have without dancing on festive occasions, when you prohibit us from dancing on days of fasting?"  He has, however, succeeded by telling them it would be more pleasant to dance in the open air, in pursuading them to dance outside of the church door, instead of in the church.
       One day in each year is devoted to the adoration of the sun, a relic of Montezumaism, but an explanation of which they refuse to give.  They have also a number of large subterranean rooms, in which they hold secret meetings, the object of, and proceedings in which, they keep to themselves with Masonic fidelity.  In one of these rooms there is constantly a fire, which they propose to keep burning till the return of Montezuma.
Among the Pueblo Indians the marital relation is held more sacred than it is among a majority of Mexicans - a large portion of whom live in a state of concubinage, and raise families illegitimately.  Such a thing is unknown among the Pueblos.  All marriage ceremonies are performed by the priest, and none are countenanced unless solemnized in accordance with the Catholic religion.  Lewd women are discarded from the society of their more virtuous sisters, and compelled to live outside of the walls surrounding their village.  Any man visiting them through impure motives, is fined, and for repeated offences whipped.  
       The Pueblos were among the most stubborn resistants of the United States Government during the Mexican war - linking their destiny with the Mexican Government.  At their village a severe battle was fought between the command of Gen. (then Captain) Sterling Price and a Pueblo and Mexican force.  The walls of the old church, where the Mexicans and their allies were fortified, are still standing, and the spot in front of them where Capt. Burguin fell, is marked by a little earthen mound.  The bullet holes made by Capt. Price's six pound guns, are still plainly visible in the walls of the church.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, August 20, 1868  
       Persons visiting Central City will find the St. Nicholas Hotel, kept by P. P. Herbert, a good place to stop.
        For sale or trade, by Kastor & Berry, for cash, grain or cattle, ten California horses, broken to work in harness or under saddle.
        Since our last issue, Mr. Lewis Conley has commenced and almost completed an adobe building, which he designs to use as a carpenter shop.
        Wanted, a situation by a respectable widow lady, as housekeeper on a Ranch in the country.  Best of references given.  Apply at the Planter's House, Pueblo.
        The Pueblo Restaurant, kept by Wildeboor & Gilman, is gaining in popularity every day.  At each meal the large number that make their ingress and egress to and from the Restaurant, is a sure index that its numerous guests are well entertained.
        Not withstanding that everybody is complaining of dull times, preparations are being made all around us for a heavy Fall trade.  Business houses are being rapidly built to be ready for the "good time coming."  
       The advertisement of the "Union Pacific Railroad - the Great Platte Valley Route" - should be read by all our patrons.  Those of you who want to visit the "loved ones at home," away back in the States, will not fail to remember that by taking this route you will save both time and money.  
       How comes it that H. A. E. Pickard's table is always crowded with boarders?  Call and see, you will then find out for yourself that Harry accommodates the tastes of all his guests; that his table literally groans under the weight of every good thing that the market affords.  That's the secret of his success.  
       Joslin & Park, the well-known Watchmakers and Jewelers, have on hand an elegantly selected lot of diamonds, watches, silverware and clocks.  Their stock of native and imported jewelry is hard to excel.  Their sets of moss-agate, which are now quite the rage, East as well as West, are the most beautiful we have ever seen.  
       The Planters House, in Denver, which is now kept by Noble & Marlow, is a better place to stop than it has before been for a long time.  There is no better hotel in the west.  C. C. Rhoades and George Walker are in the office, and everything that can make a guest comfortable and feel at home is done both by proprietors and clerks.  
       The Colorado National Bank is one of the oldest and most reliable banking institutions in the Territory.  Its management is made up of officers who, for their business tact and promptness, stand preeminent.  Its large and increasing business transactions with our people, is a sure index that this bank merits the success it enjoys.  
       The time is almost here when our ranchmen and wool-growers will be shipping their grain and wool to Denver.  All consignments to J. A. Miller, Grocer and Commission Merchant, Larimer St., will receive prompt attention.  Mr. Miller makes liberal advances on consignments.  As he patronizes our home institution, the CHIEFTAIN, he deserves in turn to be patronized by us.  
       Geo. Tritch & Co., whose advertisement appears in another column, are favorably known all over Colorado as most liberal wholesale dealers in hardward of every description.  Plows, cultivators, seed drills, harrows, wagons, sweepstake threshing machines, reapers, mowers, horse-rakes, and in fact every thing that a farmer needs may be bought of this staunch old firm, at the most reasonable figures.  
       Hons. D. D. Belden and George A. Hinsdale started to San Luis Valley on Friday, to attend court, and talk politics.  On the following day, Judge Hallett and Hon. Wilbur F. Stone, left Pueblo destined for the same point - the one to hold court, and the other to prosecute unfortunate offenders.  
       A fine herd of cattle, numbering seven hundred head, owned by J. J. Hobson, passed through town yesterday, en route for Denver.  Mr. Hobson is one of the largest dealers in cattle in Southern Colorado.  
       W. G. Chamberlain is the best photographic artist in Denver.  His splendid photographic views of mountain scenery are beyond words of praise.  If you want a good photograph taken, or wish to buy for your eastern friends magnificent mountain views, call on Chamberlaine.  
       The fine large mansion of O. H. P. Baxter, has just been completed.  It will compare favorably with any house in Southern Colorado.  It is an ornament to the town.  When more such buildings are erected, visitors from abroad will be convinced that "we've come to stay."  The architectural finish of the house speaks well for the builders.  
       Our lady readers should know that they can now buy the popular Singer Sewing Machine at eastern prices.  Miss Lizzie S. Fraser has a large stock of those machines at Denver, where she will at any time be pleased to sell you a sewing machine - or a baby carriage.  Miss Kate Gray at present represents that agency in Southern Colorado, and the ladies of this vicinity should leave their orders with her, without delay.   
      Among the new improvements in town are noticeable two imposing residences, in the process of erection - one on the north end and the other on the south end of a certain lot on Jay street, but a few lots removed from our printing office.  But as we write this, we observe from our door operations going forward which indicate that the squatter at the south end of lot, contemplates removing his buildiing to some other part of the town.    
     Capt. E. M. Darling, the contractor to survey the boundary line between Colorado and New Mexico, reached Trinidad on the 13th inst.  He is accompanied by Prof. J. Weisner, of the Washinton Observatory, astronomer, Alonzo Mace, assistant astonomer, and nine others.  They commenced operations at the south east corner of the Territory, lat. 37 deg., on the 11th July.  The line as far as it has been run indicates clearly that the upper Las Animas settlement and Dick Wooten are in Mexico, thus reducing the population claimed for Las Animas county, at least two hundred.   
      ST. PETER'S CHURCH. - On last Saturday, the day designated for the opening of the sealed proposals for the contract to do the carpenter and joiner's work on St. Peter's Church, (Episcopal,) which is now in the process of erection at this place, the bidders were eager to known who were the successful parties.  The proposals were as follows:
        Lewis Conley and Otto Winneka....$1,100  
       Augustus Beach and Daniel Flinn......$1,170
        Augustus Bartlett.......$1,175  
       The contract was awarded to Conley and Winneka, who will immediately commence work.  The contract for laying up the adobe work was awarded to Eugene Weston at $10 per thousand.  D. D. Moore, stone-mason, is now busily at work laying the foundation.  The building committee is deserving of great credit for its prompt and energetic action in pushing forward the church edifice.    
     FIFTY MILE RACE! - The latest sensation in town is the fifty mile trotting race between Geo. F. Hall, of the El Progresso, and R. F. Kelley, each on driving his own pony.  The race is to come off on the 12th day of September.  The race course is to be five miles long.  Each party will drive a pony drawing a four wheeled vehicle.  The stake is six hundred dollars on each side.  A forfeit of one hundred dollars has been put up.  Hall will drive his celebrated pony known as "Prince."  Kelley will drive his famous stallion pony known as "Billy," - the same that "cleaned out" the Cheyenne horse racer here last winter.  A number of heavy side bets have been made.  Much of course will depend upon the bottom of the ponies, and as they are both known far and near, a large crowd and a lively time may be anticipated.  
       LARCENY. - A daring larceny was committed here on Tuesday night by a person giving his name at James Cannady.  Mr. Walker, a former merchant of this place, recently returned from the Moreno mines, accompanied by Cannady.  Since his arrival here, Cannady has lodged with Walker in his store-room, being at work at the same time on the mill-ditch near town.  On Tuesday night, after retiring, Cannady got up several times and seemed to be restless, but did not arouse the suspicions of the unsuspecting Walker.  On Wednesday morning, however, when Walker awoke, Cannady has disappeared.  Surprised at his sudden and unexpected exit, he proceeded at once to examine the pockets of his vest and trousers, both of which he had laid on the counter, but a few feet from him.  He soon discovered that his fine gold watch and his pocket book, containing one hundred dollars in money, and some valuable papers, were stolen.  The Sheriff and his deputies, as well as many of our citizens are making every effort to catch the thief, but up to the time we go to press he has not been captured.  Should he fall into the hands of some certain parties who are after him, his sudden exit from Walker's room would be nowhere in comparison with his exit from time to eternity.
        The Pueblo Beer Brewery is undergoing thorough repairs.  It will again be in full operation in the course of ten days.  All lovers of good beer must rejoice at this event.
        Fine Havana cigars, and elegant smoking and chewing tobacco are always kept on hand by J. B. Rice, at the Planters' House.  Every thing in his line is sold at fair figures, considering the quality, and as to quality he can't be beat in Colorado.
        Attention is called to the County Clerk's Annual Report of receipts and expenditures of Pueblo County.  It is the first time in the history of the county that such a report has been published, and tax-payers, some of whom profess to be dissatisfied with the expenditure of the county funds, can see how they have been applied.  J. D. Miller, our indefatigable County Clerk, is nobly performing the duties of his office.  
       Scarcely a day passes that new gold discoveries are not heralded over the country.  As we go to press, a telegram has just been received from Trinidad announcing the fact that great excitement prevails there in consequence of the discovery of what it is believed, will prove to be a very rich gold lead, only about three miles from the town.  The excitement is represented as being intense.  Large numbers are hastening to the spot.  More than one hundred men were already on the ground when the telegram was sent.  This summer has indeed been prolific in new discoveries - no wild-cat discoveries either.  The people are beginning to have wonderful faith in our mineral resources.  The knowledge that gold exists in large quantities in various portions of our Territory, is creating in the minds of the eastern people a confidence that was unhappily shaken several years ago by the false statements of unscrupulous agents of mining companies who went east for no other purpose than to palm off worthless mining stock, and thus swindle the public.  But a brighter day has now dawned upon Colorado.  Mining is scientifically followed.  A better class of citizens that frown down wild-cat mining agents, are fast filling up our country.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, August 27, 1868  
       Wanted, 200 cords of wood cut.  Enquire of M. Anker.  
       The Sweetwater Mines has suspended publication.  
       The impeachment of President Johnson, is the subject of a drama in New Orleans.  
       R. T. Willey, First Assistant Engineer U. P. R. R., E. D., and son of Senator Willey, of West Virginia, was in Pueblo last Saturday and Sunday.  
       The Miner contradicts the report that it is to become the organ of the Republican party of Clear Creek county.  It will be, as heretofore, strictly a mining journal.  
       The undersigned loaned out last winter, "Beyond the Mississippi," which has never been returned.  The possessor of the book will please return it to the CHIEFTAIN office.              U. B. HOLLOWAY.  
       Dr. M. Beshoar is the only one authorized to sell goods, in my line of trade, or to transact any business for me at Trinidad, Colorado. JAMES RICE, Tobacconist, Pueblo.   
      We call attention to the advertisement of Messrs. Williams & McDonald.  Those gentlemen are well known as artists, and as they will remain here but a short time, our citizens would do well to call immediately and secure pictures.  
       In our office can be seen a sample of brick, the first, we believe, made in the town.  Judging from the sample, we see no reason why brick-making, here, should not prove a success, and certainly Mr. Pickard deserves the thanks of our citizens for his enterprise in this matter, as it supplies a want long felt.  
       Cannady, the man who robbed Mr. Walker - an account of which we published last week - was captured in the vicinity of Kettle creek, by J. H. Monroe.  The money and watch stolen from Mr. W. were found in the possession of the prisoner.  He was brought to town and is now in confinement, awaiting trial.  Truly, the way of the transgressor is hard.  
       On Saturday night whilst Mrs. G. Bartels and her children were retiring for the night, the mosquito bar over the bed accidentally caught fire from a candle burning in the room.  The fire spread rapidly, and was communicated to the bed clothes.  Mrs. B. raised a timely alarm.  The fire was extinguished before the bed clothes were entirely consumed.  No other damage was done.  
       There will be Episcopal church services (through the agency of a lay reader) at the court-house, Pueblo, August 30, at 11 A.M.  An appropriate sermon will be read.  
       The News says Powell's expedition has gone to Grand Lake and Long's Peak.  
       Lieut. H. H. Able and Mr. Clough, post sutier (?), of Fort Reynolds, were in town yesterday.  
       Mr. J. E. Wharton has retired from the Colorado Miner, and that paper will hereafter be conducted by A. W. Barnard and H. A. Spruance.  
       Col. W. L. Rynerson and Isaac M. Kelly announce that they will begin the publication of the Montezuma Advocate, weekly, at Las Cruces, New Mexico, the first Saturday in next month.  
       M. D. Thatcher will start East on Saturday, to buy his fall and winter stock of merchandise.  St. Louis, Philadelphia, New York and Boston, are the points where he proposes to purchase his stock.  
       An exchange says: The inventor of a new style of horse shoe has sent to a soliciting firm in New York a model made of solid silver.  The inventor lives in Colorado, and could not afford to use iron.  
       We learn that Brevet Colonel Tilford, Major of the 7th U. S. Cavalry, has arrived at Fort Reynolds and assumes command of the Post.  Brevet Captain Curtis, the late commanding officer remains at the Post, in command of his company.  
       We are under a thousand obligations to Lawrence N. Greenleaf for his "King Sham and other atrocities in verse."  It is a sprightly, witty, whole-souled, and humorous production.  Our advice to all those who want to "laugh and grow fat" is, buy King Sham.  Mr. Greenleaf as a poet has won no ordinary reputation.  
       Dr. F. P. Sizer was in town on Monday, and reported the harvest of small grain, near the mouth of the Purgatory, as exceedingly large.  The prospects for a fine crop of corn are good.  Sweet potatoes have been grown there this season of large size and excellent quality.
        Hon. Schuyler Colfax, Gov. Bross, Gov. Evans, and other distinguished individuals, will be in Pueblo on Wednesday of next week, and address our citizens.  We bespeak for Hon. Schuyler Colfax and party, a hearty reception.  His untiring devotion to Colorado and her interests, ensure him a cordial greeting in every part of the Territory.
        We are informed that as the boundary line survey progresses, it becomes evident that Colorado will lose no territory heretofore claimed by her.  Our statement to that effect last week, though based upon information that, at hand, was incorrect.  It is now believed the line will run one or two miles south of Dick Wootton's, very near what has hitherto been considered the southern boundary of our Territory.  No part of the upper Las Animas settlement will be cut off, as has been apprehended - we are glad of it.  
       We learn by private letter, written from Bent's Fort, to a gentleman in this place, that much excitement exists in consequence of the outrages which have been and are being committed along the Smoky Hill route, by Indians.  It is reported that they killed twelve families near Harker, and proceeded up the road, murdering all small parties with which they came in contact.  Mr. J. H. Woodworth (familiarly known as "Muggins," by many of our citizens) was killed last Saturday evening at Big Timbers Station, near Cheyenne Wells.  He started from the station to drive in his stock, and had not proceeded more than four hundred yards, when he was surrounded by thirteen Indians and shot dead.  At last accounts, they were in the vicinity of Cheyenne Wells.  The writer of the letter says he anticipates serious troubles for some time yet.  
       TRINIDAD ITEMS. - Prospecting continues along the Rio Las Animas, above Trinidad.  Several experienced miners speak very flatteringly of the prospects of the rich gold leads in that region… Trinidad is still improving.  Houses are going up, much after the fashion of Pueblo.  Mr. Wm. Hochne, one of the most liberal and enterprising citizens of that place, has recently completed a house which would do credit to the "city of the plains."   About find hundred voters have registered in Las Animas county… Mr. Maurice Wise left home last Sunday night, by the Southern Overland route, for New York, where he goes to purchase a stock of Fall and Winter goods for his store in Trinidad.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 3, 1868   
      To arms! to arms! is the cry heard on every hand.  The red fiends are again on the war path.  The bloody scenes that have been witnessed for years past in our Territory are being re-enacted.  Whole families are being murdered and scalped by those devils incarnate.  The temporizing policy of the Government is felt to be inadequate to our protection.  The settlers are being fully aroused to the imminent danger that threatens themselves and their families.  Not a moment should be spared in procuring arms and ammunition, to be ready for the emergency.  Every settler should be on the alert.  The horrible murder of Mr. Neff, his wife, and seven children, comprising an entire family, on the Kiowa by the Indians, should be sufficient to convince us all that they mean war - bloody, exterminating war.  The cavalry, both from Fort Reynolds and Fort Lyon, have been withdrawn and ordered elsewhere for duty.  At the very time of our dire necessity, we are left to our own unaided efforts to protect ourselves.  Let there be independent companies formed, ready to move at a moment's notice - to strike where the blow is needed.  The Indians have a wholesome dread of well-armed settlers; for well the Indians know that men whose families have been murdered or outraged by the wards of the Government when once aroused, will not stop until summary vengeance is visited upon the heads of the guilty perpetrators.    
     The mail facilities by the Southern overland route have in a great measure been cut off, and mail stations have been discontinued.  The stage-coach was surrounded twenty-one miles east of Fort Lyon, by a party of Indians one week ago to-day, and not until the arrival of timely aid did the coach effect its escape.  Cattle and horses at various points along the Arkansas have been driven off.  There is an apparent concert of action between the Indian tribes heretofore hostile, that makes the situation truly alarming. 
Let every man prepare for duty.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 3, 1868
        The soft, hazy days of Indian Summer have set in, owing, perhaps, to the recent Indian operations.  
       Refreshing rains continue at intervals every few days, and the hay crop which promised to be very light is now coming on finely.
        Charley Blake, of Santa Fe, and Pete Dotson, who have lately negotiated a purchase of the St. Charles Grant, are about erecting a flouring mill at Dotson's Ranch on the Upper St. Charles.  
       Ripe plums of a delicious quality are in our market at six bits a gallon, and the finest kind of melons by the wagon load, at prices varying from two bits up to a dollar apiece.  Wild fruit never was more abundant than this season, and the same may be said of garden vegetables.  
       The Denver News says that the prettiest ore in the mountains is coming out of the National Treasury lode.  We suppose that means the gold which is paid out upon the United States Bonds.  The most important question is whether the Lode will "pan out."  
       AMBULANCE FOR SALE. - I have a good ambulance, in perfect order, for sale, cheap for cash.  Apply at the newly established Wagon and Blacksmith shop on J street, Pueblo.       CHARLES BOBENRIEDH.  
       There are now ten first-class flouring mills in Southern Colorado, and all have as much work as they can do the year round upon grain raised in this country, and five of them are merchant mills.  O, what a desert!  
       Chief Justice Hallett and District Attorney Stone, have returned from holding court in the San Luis Valley.  They report the crops and grass on the other side of the mountains as finer than for several years, and the trout fishing on the Sangre de Cristo, as superb.  Also that their thanks are due the officers of the Post at Fort Garland for kind and gentlemanly attentions.  
       The candidates for delegate to Congress are D. D. Belden and A. A. Bradford, both of whom, as we are informed, consider themselves available and desire to be elected, although we presume that just one will be admitted to a seat.  
       PERSONAL. - Among the many arrivals in town, since our last issue, we were pleased to see Mr. P. H. Mills, the affable Quartermaster's clerk of Fort Reynolds, Mr. Marianna Autubees, of the Huerfano, and Mr. J. Graham, of the Arkansas.  
       The Transcript says that smelting works for the reduction of ores from Tucker's Gulch and Bergen District, are being erected in Golden City on an immense scale.  The furnace is to be of a capacity of ten tons per day.  The ores yield thirty per cent of copper and fifty dollars per ton of silver and gold.  Golden City is fast becoming, in its manufactories, the Lowell of Colorado.  
       Col. A. G. Boone has gone down to Ft. Cobb, in Texas, to recover some white prisoners from the Indians.  
       The telegraphic report that Nathan Neff and family were murdered by the Indians, on the Kiowa, alluded on our outside, has since been contradicted.  
       People from all parts of the country came in town yesterday to hear Colfax and his party deliver their advertised speeches, but no speakers came, owing perhaps to the Indian scare.  
       New buildings are in course of erection in town, mostly dwellings.  Our county Treasurer, Philander Craig, commenced the foundation yesterday of a first class dwelling house, on Santa Fe Avenue.
        The Registrars in the election precincts throughout the Southern counties have so far as we can learn, got along with the business well so far, although the spelling of Mexican names is terrific.  Matt. Riddlebarger says the Greenhorn is all right for the Union this year, and will vote like a exce-nit.
        There is now a prospect that the Eastern Division Union Pacific R. R. will be completed through every neighborhood of Southern Colorado, and on to the Pacific, as soon as a delegate to Congress is elected from this Territory.  For particulars see Bradford's Spanish circulars and Belden's speeches to the Mexicans.
        The Democrats of Fremont county have nominated Mr. Wm. A. Stump, to the office of Probate Judge, of that county.  We have not learned whether or not Mr. Stump will Stump his county in support of the ticket; but his friends think that he will Stump the opposing candidate.  If Mr. S. should be elected, we hope that he will not find any knotty legal questions to Stump him.
        There was a flight of grasshopper on Tuesday forenoon last, which exceeded anything of the kind we ever saw.  They were flying rapidly in a southeasterly direction, down the Arkansas valley, and were so thick as to almost darken the sun, and their flight continued thus for over three hours.  We didn't try to count them, but we will bet that if each one was a dollar greenback and had all lit on our town lot, we would have had enough to pay off the national debt, bet heavily on the election and lost, and retired wealthy for life.  
       Grasshoppers are thick in some localities - the St. Charles, Greenhorn, and Huerfano - although they are doing no great damage.  The small grain is mostly harvested and the corn is too far advanced to be injured much except for fodder.  These pests, which have heretofore been considered indigenous to the Rocky Mountain region, ranging between the Plains and the Pacific coast, from the headwaters of the Missouri to the Gulf, have the past season branched eastward, and by a flank movement have involved Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio; reports from the latter State showing that thousands of acres have been left bare as a floor by these omnivorous armies.     
    HORSE GOSSIP. - Our readers have already been informed that Hall's horse, "Prince," and Kelley's horse, "Billy," have been matched to go a fifty mile dash, to wagons, for six hundred a side, the race to take place on Saturday, Sept. 12th; and as the time approaches for the great event, the excitement and interest on the race increases.  Many bets have already been made, and we are quite confident that many thousand dollars will change hands on the result.  The betting, so far, is even - the backers of both horses being confident of the result.  "Prince" is being trained by Mr. John Brown, and "Billy" by Mr. Wm. Carlile.  The horses are looking well, and are considerably advanced in preparation, and seem in fit condition to do the strong work required from them.  Their appearance do their respective trainers credit, and from the interest now evinced in the race, we look for a close and exciting race.  "Snowbird," the gallant grey gelding, is being daily exercised by his owner, Mr. M. Anker.  He has received a long rest, and is looking hearty and well.  We understand that his owner intends entering him for the Denver Fair Races, and if he puts in an appearance there, he will give some one of the many Denver gentlemen's driving horses, a chance to test their mettle.  Besides the above mentioned horses, now training, we also find Mr. A. C. Jones' celebrated running horse, "Huerfano," receiving special care and attention.  He looks fine and full of muscle, and we have no doubt his owner would match him against most any horse in this vicinity.   
      Young women are admitted to the agricultural colleges of Iowa and Kansas on the same terms as young men.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 3, 1868   
      PUEBLO, September 2nd, 1868.   
      A Convention of the Democrats of Pueblo County, in accordance with the call of the Pueblo Democratic Club, was held at Pueblo.   
      Mr. W. F. Stone was elected President and Mr. M. Anker Secretary.   
      The President stated that the object of the Convention was to nominate candidates for the offices of County Commissioners, Superintendent of Public Schools and County Assessor.  After several ballots the following were declared the nominees of this Convention:   
      County Commissioners, 1st District, Wm. H. Young; 2nd District, Van Boone.  County Assessor, Darius Moody.  Superintendent of Public Schools, F. W. Winslow.   
      M. Anker then offered the following resolutions which were unanimously adopted:   
      "We the Democrats of Pueblo County, Territory of Colorado, do resolve   
      1st, That we approve of the nomination, by the Territorial Convention, of Hon. D. D. Belden for Delegate to Congress; that in him we recognize a man of eminent ability, of sound political principles, of unsullied public and private character, and as such we earnestly recommend him to the hearty support of the people of Pueblo county.   
      2d, That to attain success in the approaching election, every effort should be made by our friends to perfect their present organizations, and no legitimate means should be spared to bring every voter favorable to our cause to the polls; and to that end, we most earnestly recommend to our friends to appoint a committee, at once, in every precinct, whose duty it shall be to see that all our friends, entitled to vote, are duly registered and brought to the polls, and thus insure the success of our cause.   
      3d, That a copy of these resolutions be inserted in the various Democratic journals of the Territory, and in such other journals as the Secretary of the Club may deem proper.    
     On motion, the Convention adjourned.   M. ANKER, Secretary.    W. F. STONE, President.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 3, 1868   
      The Democratic and white man's candidate for Delegate to Congress is D. D. BELDEN.  
       The Republican and black man's candidate for Delegate to Congress is A. A. BRADFORD.  
        Are you in favor of paying the Bondholder in gold?  Is so, vote for A. A. Bradford.    
    Are you in favor of paying the Bondholder in greenbacks - the same currency that was paid our Soldiers and Sailors?  If so, vote for D. D. Belden.    
     Are you in favor of exempting the income on United States Bonds from taxation?  If so, vote for A. A. Bradford.    
     Are you in favor of taxing the incomes on United States Bonds the same as incomes from other sources are taxed?  If so, vote for D. D. Belden.    
     Are you in favor of Negro Suffrage?  If so, vote for A. A. Bradford.    
     Are you in favor of while men ruling the government?  If so, vote for D. D. Belden.    
     Are you in favor of the so called Reconstruction measures of Congress?  If so, vote for A. A. Bradford.    
     Are you in favor of peace and prosperity being again restored in the South?  If so, vote for D. D. Belden.    
     Are you in favor of the Freedman's Bureau being continued in the South?  If so, vote for A. A. Bradford.    
     Are you in favor of the discontinuance of the Freedman's Bureau, and thus saving millions to the tax-payers?  If so, vote for D. D. Belden.            
     Are you in favor of sending a Delegate to Congress who though previously elected as an Anti-State man, betrayed his constituents?  If so, vote for A. A. Bradford?    
     Are you in favor of sending a man to Congress as your Delegate who will represent you honorably and justly?  If so, vote for D. D. Belden.    
     Are you in favor of sending a man to Congress as your Delegate who when he is in the Platte Valley, says he is "a Republican in heart and soul," is in favor of negro suffrage and the admission of the State; and when he is in the San Luis Valley tells the Mexicans he is a Democrat, against negro suffrage, and Anti-State?  If so, vote for A. A. Bradford.   
      Are you in favor of sending a man to Congress as your Delegate who is at all places and at all times consistent and honorable, regardless of his election or defeat?  If so, vote for D. D. Belden.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 10, 1868   
              LETTER FROM EL PASO COUNTY.   
              FONTAINE, El Paso Co., Col.   
              September 8th, 1868.   
      EDS. CHIEFTAIN: - The people of this county have been considerably excited for several days past on account of the presence of hostile Indians in our midst, accompanied by horrible murders, stealing of horses, &e.  They just made their appearance one mile each of Colorado City, where they shot Charles Everhart dead from his horse, and scalped him.  They then dashed across Monument Creek and came across Mr. Baldwin, who was herding sheep.  They shot and wounded Mr. Baldwin very severely, but they did not scalp him however, that having been once done by the Apache Indians, in New Mexico.  They then dashed off a mile or two farther and came to where two little boys, sons of T. H. Rolins, were herding stock.  One was eleven and the other seven years old.  They were ridden down and shot with revolvers by these incarnate fiends, which was witnessed by their mother one fourth of a mile distant.  Here the work of death was stayed until the next evening, when Sol. S. Talbers (Talhers?) and Edward Davis were killed, on the Divide near Bassett's saw mill.  Mr. Lincoln was also killed at Spring Valley, in Douglas county.  One week ago to-day they drove off one hundred horses from Monument Creek, eight miles from Colorado City.  On Saturday night inst, they drove off thirty head of horses from Jabob (Jacob?) Gill, five miles north of here.  I suppose from two to three hundred horses have been stolen from the people of the county.  The raid was so sudden and unexpected that it caused much excitement and confusion at first, but now all are calm, cool and collected, and determined to fight it out to the last if need be.  As soon as our women and children could be gotten to places of comparative safety our people began to collect what horses and arms they could, preparatory to a resistance of these detestable marauders; yet we labored under great disadvantages, as many of our best horses were driven off, and we had few arms and but little ammunition.  Forty-one men, under Captain Johnson, started in pursuit of the stolen horses at Bijou Basin, and eight miles beyond here twenty-two of them were surrounded by a large body of Indians, who kept them under a murderous fire for eleven hours, wounding two men, and killing eighteen out of twenty-two of their horses.  The men saved themselves by digging holes in the ground sufficient for protection.  
       Captain A. J. Templeton is out with sixty men, scouring the country about the divide and Bijou Basin.  We have unmistakable signs of Indians being quite recently in all settled portions of our county.  If the troops do not arrive soon, shall we not appeal successfully to the generous people of Pueblo, Huerfano, and Fremont counties for help.  We have one half of our own men in the field, and can absolutely spare no more, the rest being required for the protection of our wives and little ones; the self-preservation of the people of these counties require it, for as soon as we are exhausted and our stock run off, you may expect these detestable murderers in your midst, pursuing their accustomed work of death and plunder.  We feel as though we shall not appeal in vain.  Two of your citizens, H. H. Cooper and P. D. Eastman, are already with Captain Templeton, battling manfully in the cause of humanity.   
                     R. STUBBS.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 10, 1868  
       Captain Curtis, of Fort Reynolds, was in town a day or two ago, and looking as well as usual.  
       Quite a number of families have moved into town for the purpose of being safe from the Indians.  
       Lodes, believed to be rich in silver, have been discovered on Placer Creek, in Costilla county.  
       The Sangre de Cristo Mining Company are vigorously prosecuting their work, with more favorable results every day.  
       For a good square meal go to Hank Gilman's restaurant.  Board by the week reasonable.  Bread and pastry for sale, always on hand, and of the very best quality.  
       The Indians took, on Saturday last, twenty-nine head of horses belonging to Jacob Gill.  The horses were taken from a place near Terrell's, on the Fontaine thirty miles above Pueblo.
        Owing to the Indian dangers along the route from Denver and this place, the coaches on the Denver and Santa Fe stage line will run only once a week until it becomes sufficiently safe to replace the stock at the stations on the route.  
       There are reports of various Indian depredations on the Las Animas.  Our accounts from there are vague, but whether true or not, those settlements are much exposed, and the scattered settlers on the lower section of that stream would do well to be on their guard.  
       Four valuable horses, the property of D. D. Taylor, were stolen from his ranch, in Las Animas county, during the latter part of last week.  The property, valued at $2,000, had not been recovered at the date of our latest advices, although a number of men were in vigorous pursuit of the thieves.
        Thanks to the provident care of the government, the Indians are admirably supplied with firearms of the most approved patterns.  They were enabled, in the late engagement at Bijou Basin, to kill twenty-seven horses at a range of six hundred yards.  
       From a telegram received here on Tuesday, we learn that Capt. M. A. Shaffenburg has returned to Denver with Howard and Harrison, two of the horse thieves who were convicted at the April term of Court held at this place, and who recently escaped from confinement at Denver.  
       We have learned - perhaps not from a trustworthy source - that Hon. Frank Hall, Secretary of the Territory, has been tendered a professorship of the Spanish language in one of the colleges of Southern Colorado.  If this item should prove to be inaccurate, will some of our editorial brethern in the Territory be kind enough to make the proper correction?  
       Capt. T. C. Wetmore returned a day or two since, from Lake county, where he has been engaged in prospecting since April, as is his custom every summer.  He reports having discovered a very rich dirt lode, the decomposed quartz of which yields as high as a dollar to the pan.  Capt. W. will go back soon, to commence running some arastras he has building to work on this new lode.  
       The letter of R. Stubbs, of El Paso county, which we publish in another column, tells a horrible story of murder and plunder by the savage Indians.  We recommend the thrilling appeal for aid from the citizens of Pueblo and adjoining counties to the prompt action of our people, and sincerely trust that they will join the forces of El Paso in pursuing the red fiends and being revenged for the murder of our lost friends.
        The Nye Forwarding Company have, with their usual enterprise and energy, removed their warehouse to Sheridan, Kansas, the present terminus of the Pacific Railroad, E. D., and are prepared to forward freight of all kinds and in any amount to the Territories of Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona, at prices much lower and in quicker time than by the Cheyenne route.  The Superintendent of the Nye Forwarding Company is D. Tom Smith, Esq., a gentleman well known in our midst as one of the most enterprising citizens of the Territory; and the very fact that he is the Superintendent of the company, is a sufficient guarantee that all freight consigned to his care will receive prompt attention.  We earnestly commend this company to the patronage of our shippers who desire to economize both in money and time.
        Dispatches from Denver are to the effect that Bradford carries the city and county by a majority of 213.  Later reports, however reduce the majority to 113.  Gilpin county is reported to have gone for Belden, but the precise vote we are unable to give.
        We respectfully suggest that the government authorities should immediately remove the few troops that are in the territories.  These are sure to take sides with the settlers, and are as well armed as the Indians.  By all means, let our red brethren have a fair chance.  
       Judge Hallett and Mr. Belden left for Denver, on Monday last.  If they safely run the gauntlet of the Indians between here and Denver, it will be a matter of congratulation to the people of the Territory, and to themselves.  They put their trust for protection in revolvers and double-barreled shot guns, and not in the government of the United States.  
       The survey of the southern boundary line of Colorado cuts off the entire settlement on the Costilla river, and almost the whole of the settled portion of Conejos county.  Capt. Darling, the contractor for the survey of the line, was at the date of our latest advices, in camp at a point on the line about seven miles south of the town of San Luis.  Colorado thus loses about 3,000 souls, hitherto reckoned as a part of her population.  This is a matter to be regretted, but we presume there is no relief.  
       El Gobernador Hinsdale has returned from Trinidad, armed to the teeth with a new meerschaum pipe of the most gigantic dimensions.  It holds less than a pint, and one man can carry it with ease.  The Governor is more sociable than ever, shows no symptoms yet of insanity, and can now, if the tobacco market holds out, sit down and define his political position without re-lighting his pipe over three times during the "discurse," although he has been electioneering so much lately to the Spaniards that he speaks somewhat broken English, and flavors his chile with mustard.  
       Two negroes voted at the polls here on election day, and considerable amusement was created by a conversation indulged in by the two, in hearing of the crowd, just previous to depositing their suffrages.  One says to the other, "What's de difference, Tom, between de Democrats and 'Publicans, anyhow?"  Tom replied confidentially, but with a good deal of energy: "I tells you 'zackly how tis.  You see dat if de Democrats beats in dis ere great contestion, an elecks der President, dey's gwine to sell ebery one of us niggers to pay de public debt."  
       THE RACES. - Saturday of this week is the day of the great fifty-mile trotting match between George Hill and Scott Kelley - we mean between the horses of those two gentlemen, as they are to do the trotting, and not their owners.  The various sums already bet on the result of this experiment in the endurance of horse flesh, we are informed, now amounts to over three thousand dollars, and will probably be increased as the day of the trial nears and the interest becomes more intense.  A vast concourse of people are expected from all parts of the country to witness what may be sport to them, but not to the horses.   
      Quite a scare was brought about by the report rapidly circulated on Wednesday morning that the coach from Trinidad had been chased in by Indians, who had followed it all the way from Muddy, the previous night.  A party, composed chiefly of the members of Capt. Baxter's company, armed, mounted and rode out on the road towards the Greenhorn, and scouted all the forenoon, but failed to see or learn of a single Indian or the most shadowy sign of one; and the conclusion was speedily arrived at that the parties who thought they saw the dusky forms of a dozen or twenty armed and savage warriors flitting around the coach and following it on swift-footed steeds through the darkness for a score of miles, were either in a condition to see snakes as well as Arapahoes, or else they were so badly scared that they couldn't tell an Indian from a soap weed, or a horse from a sage brush.   
      FIGHT WITH A GRIZZLY. - Mr. Johnson, who lives on the Granero, a few miles beyond the Greenhorn, had a serious encounter last week with a bear of the grizzly-sect.  Traces had been discovered of bruin wandering up and down the stream above Mr. Johnson's house in search of plums and other natural delicacies, and Mr. J. taking a Henry rifle went out to try and get the "drop on him," and was not long in meeting the shaggy monster at rather unpleasantly close distance in the bushes.  He fired, but before he had time to throw in a new cartridge, the bear sprang upon him, bore him to the ground with his huge claws, and commenced "chawing" his thigh.  It was now a work of life and death, and Mr. Johnson keeping his arms free until he could get the muzzle of his gun against the animal's side, when he fired with such precision as to send the ball directly through the heart of the bear, who now relaxed his jaws and fell back, so that Mr. J. quickly crawled to his knees and fired a few more balls through him which finished the sport and the earthly career of Mister Bear.  Another man who went out with Mr. J., and was a short distance off, heard the firing and hastening up assisted Mr. J. to walk to the house.  His leg was terribly lacerated, and he lies yet in rather a critical condition, but with hopes of recovery.
        COMMENDABLE PROMPTNESS. - Immediately on the breaking out of the Indian war, the cavalry company at Fort Reynolds were ordered to the States.  It is sincerely to be hoped that the company has reached a place of safety; and will be able to do efficient service in the great work of reconstruction.
        CHILDREN LOST. - Mr. Henry Weiss, a well-known and highly respected citizen living about a mile and a half above Col. Boone, sent out two of his little children, in the evening of the day before yesterday, to look for the cows, and not returning, search was made, fires lighted, and shouting kept up all night, but with no success; and up to noon yesterday the children had not been found, although the neighbors were searching in every direction.  This is exceedingly painful as well as mysterious news, but as it was reported to us by Mr. George Bryant, who came up from the neighborhood yesterday, it is entirely reliable.  No Indians have been seen in the vicinity, but it is possibly the children may have been killed or carried off by those lurking devils.    
     The election passed off very quietly in Pueblo and throughout the country generally.  Liquor saloons were closed and whisky entered less as an element into the election than usual in the west, and we are inclined to think this operation of the law suppressing the sale and abuses of intoxicating liquors on election day beneficial to the full extent claimed for it by its advocates.  And per consequence, as whisky was scarce so was fighting.  One incident alone served to perpetuate the example and remembrance of settling political differences by the fist.  Towards night an eminent statesman on the Republican side, with probably two sheets in the wind, addressed a distinguished politician of the Democratic faith, also under a cover of sail, in terms not very complimentary to the patriotism and disinterestedness of the latter, which caused a slight unpleasantness.  Tammany, however, was too much for Chicago.  "Loyalty" tumbled to the ground, by the first blow struck for the "constitution," and Radical blood flowed from the nose of universal suffrage.  But the impeached conqueror was generous.  He lifted the fallen foe; forgave the offence - and also the blow - led him to the town pump and washed the wounded proboscis of a subjugated if not reconstructed people; shook hands and was happy.  So Freedom was satisfied, the Flag triumphant, and the gray Goose of Liberty soared aloft and flapped her unterrifed wings.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 17, 1868  
               Letter From Colorado City, COLORADO CITY, Sept. 11.  
       EDS. CHIEFTAIN: - The telegraph has already apprised the world of our Indian war; but the horrible barbarities they have committed on many of our people, none can realize but those who were permitted to behold the mangled and ghastly remains of their victims, and to witness the vindictive spirit that characterized their mode of warfare.  
       For two weeks we have been in the midst of a reign of terror, while the Indians were sweeping the country on every hand, driving off large herds of horses, mules and ponies, killing cattle, murdering and shockingly mutilating numbers of our citizens.  They first appeared among us with great peace pretensions, showing their treaty-papers signed at Fort Laramie, June 22, 1868, and other demonstrations of friendship.  But their real object was to spy out the condition of our people, and to satisfy themselves that there was no military to protect us, and that we were without arms - wholly unprepared for a shock of such a startling character, and more especially when we take into consideration the fact that we had been led to believe that a permanent and lasting peace had been effected with all the hitherto hostile tribes, among which were these same Indians.  They first introduced themselves and secured our confidence by presenting papers signed by the peace commissioners, recommending them to the kind consideration of the whites, and requesting that they be permitted to pass in peace through our settlements.   
      At this season, our people are less prepared for an Indian war than at any other period of the whole year; it is the busy season with our rural population; they were in the midst of harvest, anxiously hastening to secure their crops in seasonable condition, and all their energies were bent to the task.  So entirely absorbed were they in the pressing duties of the hour, that not a dream of the dire deeds of Indian treachery that have so lately spread a veil of gloom over the quiet of our own domestic homes, ever flitted before the mind of a single individual in this part of Colorado; in fact we had not the remotest idea that we were in danger of being scalped by Indians so recently returned from the council fires of a peace commission.  But, verily, in the midst of life we are in death - especially when the "friendlies" are in our midst.   
      On Friday, the 21st of August, Little Chief, with about 75 or 100 Arapahoe warriers painted, armed and mounted - many of them on good American horses - a large portion of them carrying two revolvers, one muzzle or breech loading firearm, one tomahawk, one large sheath knife, together with bow and 100 arrows to each warrior - making, altogether, a very formidable band of savages - swarmed into this quiet village, having first secured their horses a safe distance from town, and reconnoitered the place and the country around here to their entire satisfaction.  They saw at a glance that our people were not numerous, that their attention was directed to securing their crops, that they were unarmed and defenseless, that they unsuspecting in this matter, that they were far removed from military assistance; and to render their treachery still more complete, they came armed with government passports, which they thrust in our faces with savage impudence, while at the same time they were thirsting for our blood, and plotting to plunder the country.  
       Little Chief and his band of warriors deceived the people by asserting that they were on the war path against the Utes, and left here in the direction of the South Park.  In the Park, we have reason to believe, they were joined by a larger band of warriors, who entered the mountains north of this place, where they held a council and agreed upon a plan for future operations.  Their scheme seems to have been well devised.  Little Chief and his party returned by the same route they had entered the mountains and over the same country they had made themselves familiar with, and the others did likewise.  While Little Chief's warriors were sweeping the valley of the Fontaine and the country around Colorado City, and the attention of the people was directed to them, out dashed another band, farther north, capturing about 140 horses from one man on Monument creek, and sweeping on through the pinery towards Bijou Basin, taking all the stock that came in their way, and killing whomsoever they found unarmed and defenseless.  While all our available forces were in pursuit of the second band, the first returned for a second raid.  They struck the Fontaine near the mouth of Monument creek, and scoured the country for several miles below, securing quite a large herd of horses, mules and ponies, and brutally murdering Charley Everhart, a young man about 19 years old.  He was herding stock on Monument, near his father's house, and was without arms, consequently they rode near and shot him seven or eight times, scalped him down to his ears, and took the horse he was riding.  They next attacked Mr. Baldwin, who was near by, in charge of a large herd of sheep.  They shot him in the head, the ball entering the left drum of the ear.  He, too, was unarmed, but fought them desperately with a boot he had drawn from his foot.  But he was soon disabled and brought to the ground.  An effort was then made to take his scalp, but the savages found they were too late - he had been scalped, years ago, by Indians.  Two horses and a mule constituted their prize at that place.  Mr. B. still lives, and hopes are made of his recovery.  Two miles below, they killed two young boys - sons of Mr. Robins - aged 7 and 10 years.  An Indian caught one of the boys by the hair of the head, as he rode past him, placed the muzzle of his revolver to the boy's left eye, and sent the whole charge through his head; then dropped him to the ground, and trampled him with his pony.  
       All these scenes were witnessed by parties that were unable to render assistance; and I make mention of them that people may know that barbarous spirit that characterizes this ungodly Indian outbreak.  Six shocking and brutal murders they have committed in our county within the last ten days, and wounded many more; have driven off 200 head of the best horses and mules in the county; killed and driven away 50 head of cattle; obliged the farmers to abandon ranches, and seek refuge in town, and fortify themselves as best they could, leaving their homes, crops, stock, and all their earthly possessions to the merciless savages.  Their reapers were left standing in the middle of their grain-fields, their stock left to wander away and become lost, their grain suffering from overripeness and rotting on the ground; men, women and children murdered and horribly mutilated, by a barbarous foe, whose only ambition is wholesale plunder, murder, arson, and every known crime that a spirit of evil ever breathed into a savage human heart.  
       Candid judges estimate the loss to El Paso county, alone, as $40,000, besides a loss that can never be compensated with dollars and cents - the loss of many valuable lives, victims of the tomahawk and scalping-knife.  Even now our citizens are securing their crops by battalion, working together in large parties, armed and equipped as if on a military campaign.  They station guards on the highlands around, while they work in the fields.
        It is estimated that about 500 warriors were concerned in the massacres and plundering depredations in our midst, spreading terror and desolation among the people, all direct from a council with the Peace Commissioners, carrying certificates of peace and friendship about their persons, signed by Government officials, bearing the seal of the United States.  
       C. L. H.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 17, 1868    
             Letter From Buttles' Station.  BUTTLES STATION. (5 miles above Fort Lyon) September 8th, 1868.  
       EDS. CHIEFTAIN: - We have been thrown into the greatest Indian excitement here this morning that I have ever witnessed.  I left my place at 7 o'clock to attend the election at Mr. Boggs', on the Purgatoire.  I had traveled about half the distance to his place when I saw Indians.  I had no alternative but to go on, which I did.  About one mile from where I met them they killed three men and wounded one.  One of those killed is our old friend Mr. Kinsey, the Fort Lyon dairyman; did not learn the names of the others.  
       The Indians have taken all the stock as far up the river as we have heard from.  Gen. Penrose is doing everything possible to punish the red rascals.  He dispatched Company L after them while they were still in sight.  May God speed the cavalry.  
       I am unaccustomed to writing, but deeming it important that the public should know the facts, I give you the brief statement above.  Yours, &e.  
               J. F. BUTTLES.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 17, 1868  
       We gather the following facts in regard to the late Indian depredations on the Arkansas, from letters of different correspondents:  
       On the morning of the 8th of September, the Indians ran off four head of mules from Sizer's ranch, on the lower Purgatoire.  Later in the day the same party of Indians took a number of mules and horses, belonging to different persons, from a point near the same ranch.  They then started towards Bent's Fort, killing and scalping on the way a Mexican herder, and also killing a man named Thomas F. Kinsey.  
       While this was going on, another party of Indians made a descent on Boggs' ranch, killed a herder and drove off about thirty head of horses.  
       Gen. Penrose was immediately apprised of these proceedings, and without delay started a cavalry company in pursuit.  They came up with the Indians and killed four, one of whom is believed to be Kicking Bird, the Kiowa Chief.  
       On the 12th of September, about twenty-five Indians attacked the corral of Thompson & McGee, near Bent's Fort, and captured five horses.  The same party then went up the river six miles and attacked the Ferry station, kept by King & Co., but were repulsed.  A party of ten mounted men started in pursuit of the savages and succeeded in tumbling one red rascal out of his saddle.  
       On the 13th, a party of Indians stole four horses, from the Point of Rocks, which belonged to Mr. Thomas Patterson, and twenty head of cattle, the property of a Mr. Jones.  These are the principal facts in regard to the raid on the Arkansas, so far as the information has reached us.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 17, 1868  
       "Lo, the poor Indian, who, untutored, feeds
        On locusts, beetles, frogs, and centipedes."  
       The Indian question, which has agitated the public mind for the past few weeks, and exercised the settlers, who desired to keep the hair on the top of their heads, and their stock from falling into the hands of the Indians, has, in a measure, subsided between Denver and this place.  Their recent appearance, however, in the Arkansas Valley, and south of that stream, indicate that they have merely changed their base of operations, and are seeking new fields in which to display their devilish ingenuity in taking scalps from the unprotected settlers, and running off stock from the energetic and enterprising rancheros of Southern Colorado.  The imbecile policy which the Government has pursued for the past few years, towards the Indians of the plains, in paying them in arms and ammunition, for stealing from, and murdering the inhabitants, until now they are as well armed as any soldiers in the world, has made them bold, and given them the most supreme contempt for the blue-coats and the authority of the Government.
        Present appearances would seem to indicate that the Government is about to "turn over a new leaf" in its policy towards what has been termed the "wronged and persecuted Indians."  From a reliable source, we learn that our Secretary and acting Governor, has been in constant telegraphic communication with General Sheridan, since the late Indian outbreak, and has represented the true state of affairs in our Territory directly to him.  The result is, that gallant and energetic soldier has already taken steps to chastise them after the Harney and Chivington mode.
        Our Secretary in resisting the appeals of some of the more excitable citizens to call out the militia would involve the Territory in a debt that would take ten years to pay, and the troops so raised would amount to no more than previous organizations have done.  To put troops in the field, money must be had; credit will not do.  The Legislature might be called together; it would take six weeks to get a session organized, and the matter discussed.  The issue of scrip would follow, which would probably sell for ten or fifteen cents on the dollar.  Thus to raise the needed means Colorado, would have to shoulder a debt of half a million dollars.  Then before the troops could be organized and equipped, there would be no Indians in the country to fight.
        Some persons who were not posted in the matter have been disposed to censure Secretary Hall for not furnishing arms and ammunition, when they were not in the Territory, and could not be had.  Such persons should remember, that when the 1st and 2d regiments of Colorado volunteers were discharged, their arms, which belonged to the United States, were unfortunately removed from the Territory.  He very properly applied to the authorities, and a supply of the most approved arms and ammunitions has been forwarded, and are daily expected to arrive in Denver.
        In the meantime we must look out for our scalps, "never turn up our toes and pass in our checks," while we hold a winning hand.
                        A PET LAMB.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 17, 1868
        Whereabouts is the Honorable Been Weighed, of Ohio?
        We are having a touch of Fall, with cloudy, chilly, damp weather.
        The Indians have made a raid on Purgatory, and four have been sent to - (stops midsentence).  
       The coach from Fort Lyon to the railroad, has an escort of soldiers on every trip.
        Ankers horse, Snowbird, will be at Denver during the coming agricultural fair.
        We understand that reinforcements are on their way to join the garrison at Fort Reynolds.
        The mail coach from the terminus of the Eastern Division R. R. to Santa Fe now makes six trips a week.
        A number of disgusted miners from the Moreno passed through town yesterday on their way northward.
        The mails between this place and Denver are very irregular, and are likely to continue so for Lo these many days.
        Major Daniel Sheets, of this place, has gone to Viginia to spend two or three months with his old friends in that State.  
       A distinguished General of the armies has been sent to administer a reprimand to the Indians, for their late uncivil conduct.  
       R. N. Daniels, Esq., has commenced the erection of a stone building, on Santa Fe avenue, to be used, for the present, as a jail.  
       Wool in the San Luis Valley is worth fifteen dollars per hundred fleeces.  The fleeces from the New Mexican sheep average one pound and six ounces in weight.   
      The property lost by the citizens of Douglas county, in the late Indian raids, is estimated at $50,000 in value.  El Paso is supposed to have suffered to the tune of $40,000.  
       The Cuchara Pass as ascertained by Col. Greenwood's survey, is 8,800 feet above the level of the sea, and practicable for a railroad by making a very short tunnel.
        A gang of white scoundrels are said to infest the country.  They steal on the credit of the Indians.  We wonder when government will commence the payment of their annuities.  
       Col. Greenwood, the Chief Engineer of the E. D. R. R., at the date of our latest account of him, was examining the route down the Rio Grande del Norte, as far south as Albuquerque.
        The farmers in Southern Colorado and New Mexico are going extensively into the fruit growing business.  More than $30,000 in value have been ordered from a single nursery in Rochester, N. Y.
        Mr. Weiss's children, who were missing at the date of our last issue, were found on the prairie a few miles from home.  They were about two days on the prairie alone, but had suffered little except from fright.  
       Col. Greenwood and his escort were beset by savages between Bent's Fort and this place, on Saturday last.  No damage was done, ye gentle savages not relishing the look of the Spencer rifles with which the party was armed.  
       Grasshoppers are fearfully plenty, in streaks, over Southern Colorado.  They have done very little damage in the Arkansas country, but it is feared that they are preparing for an overwhelming supply next year.  Several St. Johns', and whole tribes of digger Indians, can find constant employment in eating them.
        The meals at the Pueblo Restaurant can't be beat, in fact they are not beef, but a large variety of vegetables and everything our market affords, served up in a style unsurpassed in the Territory.  Hank Gilman knows how to cater to the appetites of his guests, which is more than we know of Seymour or Grant.  
       There is now growing on the place of George Green, Esq., in Fremont county, a stool of wheat containing two hundred and five perfect heads.  It originiated from a single grain of seed, sprouting and coming up as only one blade at first.  For this, we have the word of Mr. Green and Mr. J. N. Sapp, and can have their affidavit, if necessary.  Alas! the desert wilderness of Colorado.  
       Early frosts, in the San Luis Valley, have greatly injured, what the grasshoppers had spared of crops, in that section.  
       The election is over, and the wonderful interest of "distinguished strangers from the East," in our Territory has abated.  We do not know of any connection between those two facts, but mention their occurrence at the same time as a remarkable coincidence.  
       Law business has been active in town since the election.  A number of citizens of the lower part of the county, have been under arrest, on complaint for an assault, and a number of others for a violation of the law forbidding the sale of liquors on election day.  The examinations are progressing.  
       THE PUEBLO TURF.  The Fifty-mile Match -- Victory of the Hall Gelding, "Prince."   The match for $600 a side between the Geo. F. Hall gelding, "Prince," and S. Kelley's stallion, "Billy," for a fifty-mile dash, created, since the making of the same, a great deal of interest, and came off on Saturday, Sept. 12th, in the presence of a large, respectable and distinguished attendance.  The day was remarkably fine.  The grounds selected for the race was on the opposite side of the river, and by actual measurement made by Capt. Wetmore, was five miles in length.  The Hall gelding was the first of the horses to show upon the course, led by his attendant and driver, Mr. John Brown; they walked with the port of victors, John as if already elated with the confidence of assured triumph.  Mr. Wm. Carlile soon drove up with the gallant stallion, who, though looking exceedingly well, seemed to cause his backers much uneasiness, from the fact that he had been scouring considerably the night previous; but still he had the call in the betting, as he was known to be of good pluck and tried botton.  Both horses seemed to be in high racing condition; their coats were blooming eyes bright, and skin as elastic as silk gloves.  Their training reflected much credit for the skill and ability of their respective trainers, Messrs. Brown and Carlile.  
       At 8:30 A. M. the horses were at the score; Messrs. M. Anker, R. Daniels, and F. Cox selected as judges, and Messrs. H. Cresswell, G. Chapman and T. C. Wetmore as patrolmen, and with but little delay the horses had the word "go," Prince having somewhat the best of the start, but the stallion soon overtook him, and they were out of sight until they had made the five miles and were on the return and within a mile from the judges' stand.  Then they were seen coming down the stretch neck and neck and passed the stand, making the first ten miles in 51 1/2 minutes; both horses were looking well and not at all worried.  Betting for the time being was at a stand still, neither party being anxious to name the winning horse, but all waiting further developments.  The next round of ten miles was made in 49 minutes, with the stallion leading Prince near two hundred yards, and the gelding traveling at a very uneven gait; this unexpected change made the backers of the stallion quite jubilant, and they freely bet five to one on their favorite, which was as freely taken as offered.  The third round found Prince looking and traveling much better than he did on the previous one, and he closed up the wide gap that was opened the second round, in fine style, which again changed the betting to even, with but few takers; this round was made in 47 1/2 minutes.  The fourth round was made in 48 minutes, with the Hall horse leading the stallion fully one hundred and fifty yards and moving at a better gait than he did during any other round; the Kelley stallion in the meantime scouring considerably and not traveling as easily as his many admirers would have liked him to.  Betting now was completely changed; large odds were offered on the gelding and were not readily taken.  When the stallion reached the 45-mile post, with Prince a hundred yards ahead, one of his attendants, after having sponged him, threw water on his head, which caused him to kick and break the fills of his wagon, throwing out the driver, Mr. Carlile; he was then withdrawn from the race.  Prince kept steadily at his work, and passed the score for the last time in 58 minutes, thus winning the race and making the fifty miles in 4 hours and 14 minutes.
        Many bets were laid on time, but he of the "scythe and sandglass" got the best of them, for they were that five hours would not be beaten.  
       This contest between these horses has enabled them to exhibit before the public an amount of speed and bottom which no one deemed them to possess, and we believe that their equal cannot be found in Colorado.  The backers of the stallion believe that the throwing of the water on the horse caused them to lose the race, and are willing to match him against time, $1,000 that he will go 50 miles insides of 4 hours, or against the Hall gelding for like amount.  
       As there are many good horses owned in this vicinity, would it not be well for the lovers of the horse to organize an association similar to that of the trotting park at Denver, lay out a good mile track, and thus add to the progress of our thriving town?  We hope that our suggestion will be acted upon, and that we will soon be able to boast of a Pueblo Trotting Park.  
       Wilbur F. Stone, Esq., is elected prosecuting Attorney of the Third Judicial District, without opposition.  V. D. Markham, Esq., of Denver, is elected to the same position in the First District, and C. C. Post, Esq., of Central, in the Second.  
       A WARNING. - A man on our streets the other day, impugned the veracity of a person, with whom he was talking, by saying his statement was "as false as a telegraphic dispatch,"  The offender was immediately knocked down.  Served him right.  
       TRINIDAD ITEMS. - Judge S. M. Baird has brought from New Mexico a large herd of sheep, and has also received from Texas a large herd of cattle, with which he proposes to stock two new ranches… Walker Brothers, have opened a new hotel, called the Templar House… Building is going on rapidly, particularly in East Trinidad.  
       Considerable excitement existed in Conejos county a few days since, arising from a report that an Indian, of the Apache tribe, had discovered gold, "in mass and position."  The Indian told a very strait story, locating the gold on a branch of the Conejos river, and accurately describing the locality.  He offered to point out his discovery for a certain number of horses and cattle.  At the date of the latest accounts the truth of the matter had not been investigated.  We hope it may prove true, and thus vindicate Gov. Gilpin's prophesy.
        Col. Wm. H. Greenwood, Chief Engineer U. P. R. R., E. D., was in town last Sunday.  He went from here to Canon City to examine the walled canon of the Arkansas, just above that place, in order to get additional data upon which to base the forthcoming report of his surveys.  The three principal routes surveyed through Southern Colorado are all pronounced practicable by Col. Greenwood., although on one or two there is considerable heavy work for a distance of from thirty to fifty miles.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 24, 1868    
              QUICK WORK    
     When the news of the Indian outrages, on the Las Animas, reached Fort Lyon, the other day, Company L was started in pursuit with no more than fifteen minutes delay.    
     Gen. Penrose and Lieut. Abell were both along with the company.  After a lively chase of about forty miles, they came in sight of the Indians.  Lieut. Abell, with a squad of six men, charged upon a few Indians, who were in the rear.  Four Indians took refuge behind some rocks.  Lieut. Abell, with his squad, was fighting them at a great disadvantage, when he was joined by Gen. Penrose with the rest of the company.  After a desperate fight, all four of the Indians, one of whom was One Eyed Bull, (not Kicking Bird as we have erroneously stated) were killed.  The company's losses were two killed and one wounded.  After the four Indians were taken in, the company again pushed forward in pursuit of the main body, but were obliged to abandon the pursuit on account of the jaded condition of their horses.     
    The fruits of the expedition were, four Indians killed, twelve to fifteen horses, ponies and mules captured and one Indian battle-flag, belonging to One Eyed Bull, with seventy-nine locks of hair attached, which indicated the number of scalps he had taken - the majority having been taken from white people.     
    The officers and soldiers, at Fort Lyon, are deserving of the highest possible praise for their prompt and efficient action.  Let the savages once understand, thoroughly, that such is to be the retaliation, when they commit murders and robberies, and we shall soon hear the last of Indian wars.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 24, 1868        
        MOVEMENT OF TROOPS.        
Through the medium of a private letter from Fort Dodge, we learn that Gens. Sully and Sheridan were at that point, on the 7th inst., organizing a force to go in pursuit of the Indians.       
  The force at that point, in preparation for that service, consisted of ten companies of cavalry, three batteries of artillery, one hundred scouts and thirty men of Company H, 3d Infantry.  The force will transport no tents, knapsacks or company property, of any description, and are thus prepared to make rapid marches, if the necessities of the campaign require it.  It is understood that the entire force will move southward across the Arkansas river, and scour the country as far south as Red River.  They will probably be out three months or more.  At the date of our news, preparations for the expedition were going forward rapidly, and before this time they are doubtless in hot pursuit of the Indians.  Gens. Sully and Sheridan accompany the expedition, and great and decisive results are promised.      
   We are generally without faith that much will be accomplished by expeditions of this nature, but the energetic character of the projectors of this expedition, and the unusually large force under their command, inspire us with the lively hope that something will at last be done.
        The Kiowas, who are, as a rule, the most impudent and saucy Indians on the plains, are in the track of this expedition.  That something will be accomplished to humble their pride and break their power, is the hearty prayer of all.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 24, 1868  
               BY TELEGRAPH.     
    COLORADO CITY, Sept. 22. - Mr. Charles Holmes reports that the Indians made a raid, yesterday evening, on the head of Monument Creek, burned Walkers' house, wounded one man, and took 15 or 20 head of stock.    
     A ranchman was, also, burned out on Eight Mile Creek, and it is supposed that the family has been murdered.  It is probably the same party which crossed the head of Spring Valley.  
       Several Indians came to the house of Mrs. McShane, where several women were alone, and a horse hitched near the door.  As an Indian was about to take the horse, Mrs. McShane said to him, "Don't take the horse."  The Indian said, "no take horse, take scalp."  "Very well," said the woman, "take the horse."  The Indian took the horse, and said, "thank you."
        One Indian is supposed to have been killed.
                        MURRAY, Operator.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 24, 1868
BARRACLOUGH - HAYES. - On the 8th of September, 1868, at the residence of the bride's parents, by Rev. E. C. Jones, Mr. HENRY A. BARRACLOUGH, OF TRINIDAD, COLORADO, to Miss LIZZIE N. HAYES, of Southington, Connecticut.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 24, 1868   
              Legal Notice.    
     In the District Court of the 3d Judicial District.  To October Term A. D., 1868.  Wilford B. Witt, Plaintiff. Vs. Herman Matzdorff and Henly R. Price, Defendants. - Action of Trespass.
To Herman Matsdorff, one of the above named defendants.  Affidavit having been filed in the office of the Clerk of same Court, showing that you, the said Herman Matzdorff, have gone out of this Territory, so that process cannot be served upon you, you will take notice that the said Wilford B. Witt, plaintiff, instituted suit in said Court against you, the said Herman Matzdorff and Henly R. Price, on the 22d day of September, A. D. 1868, in a plea of Trespass to recover the sum of five thousand dollars, damages, and thereupon summons was issued out of and under the seal of said Court returnable to the October Term of said Court, A. D. 1868, and that said suit is still pending and undetermined in said Court.
        Now, unless you the said, Herman Matzdorff, defendant, shall be and appear at said Court on the first day of the next Term thereof to be holden at the Court House in Pueblo, to said County of Pueblo, on the fourth Tuesday (it being the 27th day) of October next, A. D. 1868, and plead or demur (?), judgement will be entered against you by default.  
       M. G. BRADFORD, Clerk., A. A. BRADFORD, Attorney for Plaintiff., Pueblo, Sept. 23, 1868.        

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 24, 1868   
              Legal Notice.   
      In the District Court of the Third Judicial District of Colorado Territory.  To the October Term A. D. 1868, Henry L. Pearson vs. Herman Matzdorff and Henly R. Price. - Action of Trespass.
To Herman Matzdorff one of the above named defendants.  Affidavit having been filed in the office of the Clerk of said Court, showing that you, the said Herman Matzdorff, have gone out of this Territory so that process cannot be served upon you, you will take notice that the said Henry L. Pearson, plaintiff, instituted a suit in said Court against you the said Herman Matzdorff and Henly R. Price, on the 18th day of September, A. D. 1868, in a plea of Trespass, to recover the sum of one thousand dollars, damages, and thereupon summons was issued out of and under the seal of said Court, returnable to the October Term of said Court, A. D. 1868, and that said suit is still pending and undetermined in said Court.
        Now, unless you the said Herman Matzdorff, defendant shall be and appear at said Court on the first day of the next term thereof, to be holden at the Court House is Pueblo, in said County of Pueblo, on the fourth Tuesday (it being the 27th day) of October next, A. D. 1868, and plead or demur, judgment will be entered against you by default.
        M. G. BRADFORD, Clerk, A. A. BRADFORD, Attorney for Plaintiff.  Pueblo, Sept. 22, 1868.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 24, 1868
        A party of six Indians are reported to have been seen on the Chico, on Saturday last.
        Senores Dario Gallegos and Nasario Gallegos, of San Luis, are spending a few days in Pueblo.
        Col. Wm. Craig arrived home on Saturday last, from an eastern trip of nearly three months duration.
        The new flouring mill of Messrs. Blake & Dotson is to be erected just below the canon of the St. Charles.
        The corn crop, in this section, is generally quite ripe, and is, of course, safe from frost and grasshoppers.
        John L. Gaspar, Esq., an old and well-known citizen of Costilla county, was in town last week, seeking a location.
        The new crop of wheat is rapidly coming into market.  The supply has never been more abundant, gracias a Dios.   
      The "Collikstoope" (Greek for "Grecian bend") will be in Pueblo next week, so we are informed by the fashion mongers.  
       There is an institution of learning in Colorado City called "Fountain College."  It has conferred no degrees of LL. D. up to the present time.
        Goldrick says the election on Delegate to Congress is a tie.  We belave him, and for further particulars refer our readers to our amended table of returns.
        A quartz mill passed through town on Sunday last, en route for the Moreno mines.  This is the second one that has passed through this place for that point.
        A number of citizens of Costilla are preparing to remove to the Cucharas.  The population along the Cucharas has more than doubled during the last twelve months.
        The repeal of the odious postal law which required the payment of letter postage on transient newspapers and books, goes into effect on the first day of October.
        Messrs. Norbert Baquin and E. S. Dunn, while en route from Bent's Fort to their homes on the Arkansas, some days since, were attacked by a small band of Indians, but were fortunate enough to escape without injury.
        The Jewish New Year 5620 was duly celebrated by our citizens of that faith, on the 17th, and on the 27th inst. occurs their Day of Atonement, which is strictly observed by them as one of the most important holidays.
        The weather during the last few days has borne a striking resemblance to that we were accustomed to see "down east," during the presence of an equinoctial storm.  It is to be feared that our eastern visitors have demoralized our climate, as well as consumed our whiskey.
        Harper, Wait & Co., located on F street, Denver, between Holladay and Blake, desire to call the attention of their customers in Southern Colorado to their splendid assortment of hardware, stoves, cutlery, sheet iron, copper and tin wares.  Their stock is in all respects complete, and they are liberal dealers.
        Hank Gilman, restaurateur, Santa Fe avenue, Pueblo, is doing a flourishing business in feeding the hungry.  Everything in the way of eatables, which the market affords, is served up to order at any hour of the day, and on reasonable terms.  His house for neatness and elegance can hardly be surpassed in the Territory.
        The divine services of St. Peters (Episcopal) Parish, Pueblo, will be resumed under the direction of the rector, Rev. F. W. Winslow, on Sunday, Spetember 27, at 11 o'clock A. M. and 8 1/2 o'clock P. M., in Rice's Hall, (over Thatcher's store), and be continued every Sunday thereafter at the same hours and place, until further notice.
        Young Mr. Roberts, who lives on the Fontaine qui Bouille, about twelve miles below Colorado City, had a brush with a couple of Indians on the west side of the creek, near his home on the 17th.  He fired two shots, when the Indians fled towards the Little Fontaine.
        Deacon Bross appears to have stirred up Deacon Walker, as the latter deacon's Tribune indicates, it being more entirely devoted to politics than heretofore.  Your new position, Deacon, may be a pecuniary benefit, but it will ruin your morals "as sure as eggs is eggs."
        A project is on foot to construct a race track, at this place.  The interest of our people, in the sports of the Turf, has been steadily on the increase for the last year or two, and the probabilities are, the efforts to establish a race course, will be successful.  
       That neat building on Santa Fe avenue, owned by Mr. Winburn, has been fitted up for an elegant bar and billiard room.  The lessees are two young gentlemen from Denver.  We see no reason why they should not succeed in their efforts.  
       For the latest accounts of Indian depredations, we refer our readers to the telegraphic reports.  It will be seen that the Indians have not abandoned the field of their operations two or three weeks since, but are "cleaning out" what was left after their first raid.  It is for the government authorities to say how long the people shall endure these horrible outrages.  
       The fame of the late fifty-mile pony race at Pueblo has extended far and wide, as we see by referenece to our exchanges.  Who knows but that Pueblo might become famous in the sporting world if our citizens would construct a good race track?  
       Who has opened a new ranch in Huerfano this year? - News.    Jesus Maria Juan de Dios Romulo Apodaca Cristiano Cervasio Santiago Cabeza de Baca and Reinaldo Teofilo Sigismundo Cieofas Jose Borrego have both opened ranches in Huerfano, within the last few months.  We charge the News nothing for our civil reply to its brusque question.
        General Nichols, the well-known Assistant Adjutant General of Lieutenant General Sherman, arrived at Fort Reynolds, a few days since, on an inspecting tour.  The General is accompanied by a cavalry escort of twenty men.  He reports that he was attacked by a band of Indians at the Point of Rocks.  The Indians, some thirty in number, after firing several volleys and finding the party fully prepared to give them a warm warm reception, quietly withdrew.  General Nichols fully realizes our situation, and will spare no effort to have reinforcements sent to Fort Reynolds.  We hope he will succeed.
        The irregularities of the mail between this point and both Denver and Trinidad, has occasioned much inconvenience to our merchants.  Why the mail is not carried with regularity and dispatch, is a cause of much surprise, and the Post-office Department should, in justice to our people, investigate the cause and promptly remedy the evil.  True, the Indians have been troublesome between here and Denver; but they were, and are, equally as troublesome near Bent's Fort, still the mail, via that route, arrives with commendable promptness.  A tri-weekly mail, for the greatly increased demands of our citizens, is not sufficient, even if arriving with regularity; but to allow the contractors to be the judges when we shall or shall not have a mail, is still worse, and it cannot be the purpose of the postal department to encourage such action on the part of the contractors.  We earnestly hope the evil will be remedied, as soon as the matter is properly represented to the Postmaster General, which, we are assured, has already been done by one of our citizens.
        One contractor on the Union Pacific Railroad has to haul water thirty miles. 
        Seven miles of track were lately laid on the Central Pacific Railroad in a single day.
        The proprietors of the Frontier Index are about to establish a new Democratic paper at Laramie City.
        Mr. Holbrook, of the firm of Holbrook & Price, at Bent's Fort, is spending a few days in town.   
      John T. Hoffman has been nominated for Governor, and Allen C. Beach for Lieutenant Governor, in New York, by the Democratic State Convention.  
       Messrs. Dotson & Blake are daily expecting a stock of goods from the East, for their store on the St. Charles.  This will be a benefit to citizens of that section, if the proprietors advertise in the CHIEFTAIN, to advise them of the fact.  
       We have received by telegraph, too late for publication, two widely different accounts of the Camilla riot.  One account, by the Sheriff of Mitchell county, Georgia, fixes the guilt of the riot upon the negroes, led by a few white men.  The other by the Freedmen's Bureau Commissioner, Howard, charges the responsibility of the riot upon white citizens, and states that the negroes acted only in self defense.
        Farmers will find it greatly to their profit to take much more pains than has heretofore been usual in cleaning and preparing their grain for market.  A great deal of really excellent wheat is brought to market so badly cleaned that it fails to bring its owners anything like its just value.  Farmers, by closer attention to this matter, will find their grain much more salable, and will find that their additional labor will be more than renumerated by the advance in price.  See to it, that this cause of complaint among grain buyers, is removed.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, October 1, 1868
                FARMING IN COLORADO
        A few items in regard to Southern Colorado, as an agricultural district, may not be without interest to our readers abroad.  Farming in this district of country differs in several important particulars from the same pursuit in almost all other parts of the country.  These differences, as well as our peculiar advantages, it will be the purpose of this article to explain.  
       The great points of difference between farming as a pursuit here, and in the Eastern States, result from the necessity of irrigating land here to make it productive, and from the use of a different system of labor from that which prevails in other parts of the country.  The belt of country lying along the eastern base of the Rocky Mountains, for a distance of two or three hundred miles out into the plains, was found, like the basin of the Great Salt Lake, to be so arid as to require the use of water for irrigating purposes, in order to secure any certain return for agricultural labor.  Although this at first was found to be the uniform rule, yet experience in farming for eight years has confirmed almost all our farmers in the belief that the climate is gradually becoming so modified under the operation of couses not fully understood, as to render it probable that irrigating may before the lapse of many years be altogether dispensed with.  The annual falls of rains are steadily increasing, and rains are becoming more seasonable.  Whether this change will go on until irrigation may be altogether dismissed with, is yet a question of doubt.  Assuming that irrigation will always be necessary in this country, the question next arises as to its advantages and disadvantages.  It is one of the disadvantages of farming in the States of the northwest that they are liable to seasons of drouth, so that frequently there is produced no more than a third part of a crop.  They have no remedy for these short-comings of nature.  Here the case is entirely different.  By the irrigating system, the amount of water necessary to mature a crop can always be commanded, so that a failure of crops from drouth is an evil unknown here.  The advantages derived from the system of irrigation, and from the superiority of our climate, is well illustrated by a comparison of the average yield of wheat, for example in Colorado, with the average yield in the Northwestern States.  The report of the Commissioner of Agriculture, shows an average yield per acre, in the best wheat growing districts of the Northwest, for example the State of Michigan, of from fifteen to sixteen bushels per acre, and from that amount down to nine or ten bushels in other wheat producing districts.  Colorado is new, and no system has been adopted among the farming population by which the average production of wheat can be accurately estimated.  There is no difficulty, however, in arriving satisfactorily to the conclusion that the average yield of wheat here is nearly double that of Michigan, and at least three times as great as that of New York.  
       Fields of wheat in Colorado yielding fifty bushels to the acre, have been by no means uncommon, while in a number of instances, a yield of sixty bushels to the acre has been attained under favorable circumstances.  While such are the results of the maximum yield, it is exceedingly difficult to find a single field where under the most unfavorable conditions less than from twenty to twenty-five bushels per acre has been produced.  From these facts we arrive at our conclusion stated above.  A comparison of Colorado, especially Southern Colorado, with the Northwestern States, as a corn growing country, results almost as favorably to us.
        While our maximum yield of corn, perhaps scarely equals that of the Northwestern States, a failure is unknown, and the average production per acre is greater than in any of the corn growing districts which have fallen under our observation.   
      That these favorable results are in a great measure due to the superiority of our soil, there is no dobut; but that they are in a larger degree due to the system of irrigation, which prevails here, we think is unquestionable.  As a set-off to our greater average production per acre, there is the fact that a hand can cultivate on an average no more than about half the number of acres here that he could in the States.  This drawback is counterbalanced by the higher price of farm productions, and the fact that horses and oxen for farming purposes can be kept with less than, one third the forage required for their sustenance in the States.  
       Upon a consideration of all the premises, we arrive then at the conclusion that we enjoy here the advantage of greatly superior productiveness of soil - an average yield per acre nearly twice as large as in the States, and that other advantages and disadvantages are about equally balanced.  
       We had intended to say something about our labor system, but our article has reached as great a length as is desirable, and the consideration of that subject will be deferred until another occasion.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, October 1, 1868  
               THE AGRICULTURAL FAIR.   
      This week the Colorado Agricultural Society holds its third annual Fair.  It is to be hoped that it may attract the favorable attention of the farming community; though the Indian difficulties will prevent many of our citizens from being in attendance, who would otherwise have taken pride in being present and having on exhibition specimens of fine stock and farm products.  Colorado, by attention to the annual exhibitions of her agricultural society, will, undoubtedly, be able to make them compete successfully with the like societies in the East, in the variety and excellence of the various articles of our production.  Southern Colorado, being almost exclusively an agricultural district, should take pride in fostering the interests of this society.  It is to be regretted that the Indian war will prevent so many of our citizens from being in attendance.  We can, however, assure our farmer friends in the north, that our interest is unabated, and that hereafter we shall do everything possible to add interest and zest to the annual Agricultural Fair.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, October 1, 1868
                THE INDIAN WAR.
        News, from a source indicates that the present Indian war which is devastating the West, is a very wide spread outbreak of a combination of Indian tribes.  Simultaneously have received news of depredations on the Upper Missouri, on the line of the Union Pacific Railroad, on the Eastern Division road among the settlers of Kansas, in Colorado in different places, and in New Mexico.  Some, if not all the branches of the Sioux nation, the Kiowas, the Arapahoes and Cheyennes, as well as more or less Indians from other tribes, are known to be among the marauders.
        To afford adequate protection in the immense belt of country threatened by the savages, will require the prompt and energetic action of the army authorities.  It appears to the settlers, who are most interested in the army movements, that the entire cavalry arm of the service ought to be devoted to quelling this insurrection among them, until they are satisfactorily castigated and humbled.  True economy of life and property, as well as economy to the Government, demand the most energetic and determined prosecution of the war until the power of the hostile tribes is effectually crippled.  These constantly recurring outbreaks of a few roving bands of savages, are a reproach to the Government authorities, whose power and authority is set at nought and scoffed at by the Indians.  Less peace commissioners and treaties, and more vigorous warfare, is demanded by every consideration for the public welfare.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, October 1, 1868    
     Hon. J. W. Henry, of this county, has just returned from a long trip to New Mexico.    
     The Colorado Agricultural Society commenced its third annual Fair on Tuesday last.   
      S. S. Smith, Esq., an old citizen of Pueblo, returned from the Moreno on Sunday last.
        Goldrick calls Anker "the Modern Train."  Does he mean to say that he is a "heavy drag?"
        For accounts of the battle with the Indians on the Smoky Hill, read our telegraphic dispatches.
        General travel and the movement of trains are almost entirely suspended, owing to the danger from Indians.
        The County Commissioners have made their selections of grand and petit jurors for the October term of Court.
        Hon. Lewis Jones, of Fremont county, passed through Pueblo, on Monday last, en route, from Missouri, home.
        Drinkists and Smokists will find it to their advantage to notice, closely, the new advertisement of the X-10-U-S Saloon.
        Wharton, formerly connected with the Denver News, and Colorado Miner, is about to start a Republican paper in Boulder county.
        We learn nothing more decisive in the way of election returns, than we have before published.  Our readers will have to wait for the canvass to know the result with certainty.
        F. R. Donnelly is erecting a paint shop adjoining the CHIEFTAIN office.  Mr. Donnelly understands his business, and "deserves well of his country."
        The senior and junior editors of this paper are both in Trinidad; but we wish to deny in advance, any imputation (?) that the sheet is run by the devil.
        The report which has prevailed among our citizens for several days, that the Indians were "on the divide," proves to be a mistake - they go for taking the whole.
        We publish, in another column, an account of a church consecration, clipped from the Denver News.  We have learned from reliable sources that the account is true.
        Col. A. G. Boone is daily expected to arrive at his residence on the Arkansas.  He has been absent a long time and will be greeted by a host of friends on his arrival.  
       Maj. R. B. Bradford, an old and well known citizen of Colorado, who lives at Bradford, was wounded a few days since near Denver, in a fracas with a man named Earle.  
       Gen. Sully has had a fight with the Indians, at some point south of the Arkansas river, killing seventeen Indians, and losing three soldiers.  The Indians were probably Kiowas.  
       We learn from parties just arrived from the Moreno mines, that confidence in their richness and extent, remains unabated, though comparatively little work is being done, owing to the scarcity of water.   
      "Money makes the mare go;" but our "red brethren" are making the mares and the horses, too, go without money and without price.  See accounts of their operations in El Paso and Douglas counties.
        There are four Democratic newspaper offices, three Republican, and four Independent, in the Territory.  The large proportion of non-political papers speaks volumes for the good sense and morality of our people.
        Rudolph Schmiedling, Esq., of the firm of Meyer and Co., at Fort Garland, has our thanks for his attention to the interests of the CHIEFTAIN.  If he don't get rich, it will be because he fails to attain the blessings he deserves.
        "Senators" Evans and Chaffee have resigned; and perhaps are resigned.  Now how about Gov. Gilpin?  Will he continue to draw the salary and emoluments of his Governorship after the magnanimous example set him by the Senators?
        We notice that the Denver Gazette is greatly improved in size and appearance.
        The sole force at Fort Reynolds, is a portion of a company of Infantry, containing about sixty men.
        Several horses have been stolen from different parts of the country during the past week.  The thieves have not yet been caught.
        A man at DeLano's mill, on the Divide, was accidentally shot a few days since, by a comrade who mistook him for an Indian.
        Messrs. Barlow, Sanderson & Co. started a tri-weekly line of coaches between Bent's Fort and Pueblo, on Monday.  This line is intended to supersede the buckboard, by which the mail has heretofore been carried.
        Information gathered from various sources leads us to fear that there are a few abandoned and depraved white men associated with the Indians in the commission of their depredations.  We hope, for the credit of human nature, that there are no such wretches.
        Our mail connection with the outside world is now reduced from a tri-weekly to a semi-occasional mail.  We of Pueblo, we endure it easily enough, but for our sympathy with the poor unfortunates, who are deprived of the means of communicating with Peblo.
        Messrs. Kastor & Berry have removed their stock of goods to their new store adjoining the post-office, where the polite and attentive David is always ready to attend to the wants of customers.  It is proper to add that their new establishment can hardly be surpassed in the Territory for good taste, neatness, elegance and convenience.
        A telegram to the Postmaster here, from the Department at Washington, received a day or two since, announces that our esteemed fellow-citizen, Col. William Craig, of Hermosilla, is the successful bidder for the mail contract from Pueblo to Trinidad.  He is prepared to commence the service immediately, and will receive the mails going south to-morrow morning.  The route is tri-weekly, both ways, and the schedule time between the two points is twenty four hours.  The Colonel will carry the mails via his own ranch - Hermosille - this being the nearest and most direct route, the distance being only eighty miles, while the route heretofore run by Jacobs & Co., by the old Fort Union road, is some twenty miles farther.  The mails and express matter will be carried on a buckboard for a few days until the Colonel has time to stock the road with coaches, convenient for carrying passengers.  Henry Hiney, the proprietor of the Planters' House, is the express agent of the route at this point, and will attend to the delivery and shipping of all express matter here.  We congratulate Col. C. upon his new contract, and from his characteristic enterprise and business tact, can bespeak for him success in the undertaking, as well as satisfaction to the public, by whom he is so well and favorably known.  
       Soreness about the roots of the hair is getting to be a common complaint hereabouts.  It is supposed to be occasioned by the fact that people who read accounts of Indian devilment, naturally feel, to know if their scalps are yet safe.  
       Mark L. Blunt, Esq., of the St. Charles, has brought to this office some very remarkable specimens of vegetables grown on his ranch.  From a quarter of an acre of land he has produced 240 squashes of an average weight of 18 pounds each, and a large amount of cabbages of extraordinary size.  We think this is hard to beat.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, October 8, 1868  
               THE UTES.  
       We have read with great care a letter from Gov. Hunt, which appears in the Denver papers of recent date, relative to his new treaty with the Utes.  The Governer states, in substance, that when he arrived at the place designated for the conference with that tribe, he found them exceedingly averse to entering into treaty stipulations, and was able to overcome their aversion only after a long and laborous argument.  He concludes by expressing the utmost confidence that he had accomplished satisfactorily the object of his mission.  He states it on his opinion that the Utes had been tampered with my designing individuals for the purpose of dissuading them from entering into the proposed treaty.  All of which looks satisfactory enough.  But we have heard another side of the story, somewhat different in its details from the Governor's account, which we think ought to be given to the public.
        We learned from conversations had several weeks ago with gentlemen, who are well known by the tribe, that the Indians were almost unanimously opposed to any change in the existing treaty of the nature now proposed by the Governer, and that the consent of the tribe could not possibly be had.  The opinion has been freely expressed by those conversant with the tribe, that the great majority would not, under any circumstances, give their consent to the amendments proposed to the existing treaty, and that any pretense that they had done so, would be the signal for a fierce and bloody war with all the branches of the Ute nation.  Now that we are told the treaty is ratified, we greatly fear that it will be impossible for the people to maintain their friendly relations with those tribes.  We have the best reason to apprehend that the arrangement will not be satisfactory to the most of the Indians, and that their dissatisfaction will be expressed in a very energetic way.  It is to be feared that the Governor is satisfied from very slight evidence that they have been tampered with by designing persons, and that the real facts may be that they are averse to the measures and terms proposed by the Governor.  We do not consider it good policy on the part of the Government authorities to urge these Indians, if they are unwilling, into any bargains not perfectly satisfactory to the tribe.  We are at war with all the Indians on the plains, and are receiving only very insufficient protection from the Government.  Our present condition is hard enough to endure, without the hostility of this most powerful and warlike tribe.  If the testimony of men of twenty year's experience with the Utes is worth a moments consideration, our peaceable relations with them are very insecure, and we are liable, on very short notice, to find ourselves involved in a war with all the Ute tribes, which will be no child's play.
        Again, we say, that we regret the Governor's action in the promises, believing it to be hazardous in the extreme.  The Utes are as much more dangerous enemies in war than the other tribes, as they are more friendly and reliable in peace.  If we escape a war with them, Colorado may congratulate herself on an escape from an imminent and deadly peril.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, October 8, 1868     
            LETTER LIST.
        Letters remaining unclaimed in the Post office at Pueblo, Territory of Colorado, Thursday, October 1st, 1868.  To obtain any of these letters, the applicant must call for "Advertised letters," and give the date of this.  If not called for within one month, they will be sent to Dead Letter office.
Beten, James
Bryant, Chas.
Bartholomew, Alfred
Blacksmith, Andrew
Cook, J. R.
Conroy, John
Davis, Chas.
Dunn, John
Fairhurst, Jas.
Hughes, Mr.
Huttler, L.
Kelly, W. A.
Kelly, Walter
McKee, W. H.
Mathews, E. G.
Moore, H. D.
Rice, John
Serch, Michael
Suaso, Miranda
Sebels, C. L.
Withington, Geo.
Warren, Benjamin
Wait, A. L.
Warren, C. W.
Wood, M.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, October 8, 1868
        Our thanks are due Mr. Chilcott for valuable documents.
        Best quality of seasoned wood for sale.  Enquire at the City Market.
        Mr. Hollister, of the News, is either a fool or a knave. - News.
        Rev. F. W. Winslow, rector of St. Peter's church, arrived home from a trip to the East, on Thursday, Oct. 1st.  
       Four companies of the 10th Cavalry (colored), under Major Duncan, were hourly expected at Fort Lyon on Monday last.  
       We invite the attention of travelers to the advertisement of J. R. Lamkins' Feed Stable, under the head of "New to-day."  
       Henry M. Porter, Esq., and W. N. Byers, Esq., of the U. S. & M. Telegraph Company, have been in town a day or two this week.  
       Messrs. P. B. Sherman and H. A. Barraclough, of Trinidad, both recently married in the East, passed through town with their brides on last Tuesday morning, en route for home.
        Our citizens should not forget that the law requiring letter postage on transient newspapers and books sent from the States to the Territories, is now repealed, and the postage law is uniform for the entire country.
        The man who never saw a wind, should have been in our town Tuesday night, and he would have said he never wanted to see another.  The tons of dust which whirled along our streets made it a genuine "see" breeze.
        Work on the St. Peter's Church is progressing rapidly.  The building will be enclosed before winter, and perhaps ready for occupancy.  Mr. Winslow, the rector, on his recent trip east, succeeded in raising the money and buying an excellent organ, which is now on the way out.
        A train of eleven large freight wagons, loaded with goods for Rettberg & Bartels, arrived in town on Monday last, from Sheridan.  Messrs. Rettberg & Bartels have now a perfect assortment of everything in their line of trade.  See their new advertisement, and then call, see and buy everything you want.
        From the Denver papers of October 1st we learn that a band of Indians, supposed to be twenty-seven in number, were still lurking about in the vicinity of the Plum creek settlements.  The people of that locality are threatened with the loss of all their earthly possessions, and are suffering every depredation with no hope of relief.
        St. Peter's Church, Pueblo. - Divine service and sermon every Sunday at 11 A. M., and 7 P. M., in Rice's Hall, (over Thatcher's store.) Sunday school and Bible class at 2 1/2 P. M.  All are cordially invited.
        Senor Thomas - not accented on the ultimate after the Spanish style - has resumed the local tripod of the Denver News, after a long absence among the miners.  We presume after his late experience, he can now truthfully say that he has mined.
        Two horses were stolen last week from near this place, one the property of John S. Kearns, and the other of J. W. Anderson.  The thieves were tracked as far as Culebra, by Sheriff Price, and there he lost the track.  The sheriff thinks the scoundrels have fled with the stolen property to New Mexico.
        A valuable horse was stolen from Hon. J. W. Henry, on the night of Wednesday, the 30th of September.  The thief broke open the stable, and made a successful flight with the stolen property.  Such crimes are becoming so frequent that a little judicious hanging will have to be resorted to.  
       A party of Indians, supposed to be Kiowas and Cheyennes, are daily menacing the settlements on the lower Las Animas.  They are continually stealing stock and keeping the neighborhood in constant terror.  A dozen to fifteen families are gathered at the house of Thomas Boggs, Esq., for protection, and almost all labor and business are suspended.
        About dark on Tuesday evening the wind commenced blowing almost a hurricane from the North, and continued through the most of the night, rattling dry goods boxes and empty barrels down the street at a fearful rate.  The change came as unexpectedly as one of Hollister's editorial charges, and we are happy to say did as little damage.
        The "Templar House," the new hotel at Trinidad, has accommodations equal in all respects to any public house in Southern Colorado.  Stop at the Templar when business calls you to Trinidad, and Thomas Walker, the proprietor, will see that your corporal needs are well cared for.  W. R. Walker has also a feed stable and corral in connection with the house, so that the traveling public may be in all respects accommodated.
        A recent trip to Trinidad, gave us an opportunity to note the improvements of that place.  The town is making rapid strides to greatness, and her citizens take a just pride in her rapid progress.  Our space will not permit a particular mention of all the changes that are going on.  It is sufficient to say that old business houses are being enlarged and improved, and new ones being constantly erected.  Trinidad is destined to take a prominent place among the towns of Colorado, and that very soon, as indicated by her present rate of progress.
        We learn from Mr. Ben. Graham, who has just arrived from the mining region on the Arkansas and its tributaries, that the season there has been an unusually busy one, and that considerable money has been taken out of the mines.  He says, however, that little of this money has been spent up there, but that the miners have been hoarding their gains, probably with the expectation of spending it in the valley, where many of them intend to pass the winter.  We sincerely hope that some of them will settle in Pueblo, and supply, in the shape of cash, a little oil for the wheels of trade, which are now moving with considerable friction on a system of universal trust.  A continuance of this weather would soon bring them down.  
       CARD.  EDS. CHIEFTAIN: - Will you permit me to occupy a few lines in your paper in a matter of personal justification.  Inasmuch as in intercourse with my friends, I have always strongly expressed my conviction of the impropriety of a clergyman taking any active part in partisan politics of holding any civil office; and inasmuch as the use of my name as a candidate for office in the recent election may justly seem inconsistent with my known views, I feel it due to myself to state publicly, not only that I did not expect or desire any such nomination, but that, being in Philadelphia at the time, I was wholly ignorant that my name had been thus used until the election was over, and it was too late to withdraw.  Although appreciating the compliment paid me in an unsought nomination, I deeply regret that my name should have been associated in so public a manner with any party, particularly because I hold no partisan views.  My professional duties are inconsistent with any such partisanship, and no party has any claim on me.    Respectfully, Frank W. Winslow, Missionary Prot. Epis. Ch.
        Several cases of chills and fever, of about the same type as prevails in the Northwestern States, have occurred in this vicinity this fall.  The "reconstruction" policy is doubtless answerable for the introduction of this pestiferous disease, or it may be due to the fact that Southern Colorado is Democratic.  There is a screw loose somewhere, and several more will be shaken loose, if the disease continues.
        The work on St. Peter's Church, Pueblo, went on rapidly last week.  The walls are already raised to the top of the windows, and begin to look like a church.  A meeting of the parish vestry was held on Thursday evening, October 1st, at which Messrs. H. C. Thatcher and James Rice were appointed a committee to solicit subscriptions and collect money.  They would doubtless be glad of a call from any liberal minded individuals who have cash or the prospects of it.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, October 15, 1868  
        It is the subject of general remark, that within the last year our little town has grown and improved in every way in a very unusual degree. For the first two or three years of its existence, as an American town, it made comparatively but little progress in size and character; but since last fall it seems to have taken a new start, and has grown as very few towns of its position and sources of income have ever grown.  Within a year the whole number of houses in town have more than doubled, and many of the new buildings are of a most substantial character.  Seven new stores have been built and opened, and several handsome dwelling houses completed.  Constant inhabitants of the town do not perceive so readily its immense growth; but occasional visitors can hardly realize that it is the same town it was a year ago.  Then, Rettberg & Bartels' store was thought to be quite up town, and now there are almost as many buildings above as below.  This growth would not be surprising in a new railroad terminus or a newly discovered mining town, but in an agricultural centre, a town with nothing but the legitimate and ordinary courses of business to depend upon, it is certainly remarkable, and a cause for sincere self-congratulations on the part of our citizens.
        The improvement of the town in other aspects is no less marked.  Some time ago, it had acquired quite an unenviable moral reputation as a hard place, where little regard was paid to the laws of God and man.  Society was in a semi-chaotic state, and divided into small cliques, between whom much bitterness existed.  The gossipping propensities, peculiar to a small village, were also decidedly man___t.  The ordinances of religion were almost entirely neglected, and Sunday was often the busiest and noisiest day of the week.  Now, however, it is evident that a great change has taken place; no rowdyism or drunkenness is seen in the streets.  The saloons are conducted quietly and decently, and gambling, if there is any, is not carried on publicly as before.  The people are more social and society is becoming more homogenous.  A more cosmopolitan spirit of minding one's own business is prevalent, and the amount of gossip, though of course existing to some extent, is comparatively very little.  Religious services are well attended, Sunday is very quiet, and much ____rest is manifested in building a church.  The newspaper and telegraph have been established, and, in proportion to our means, receive a liberal patronage.  We manifest, in short, many more evidences of an advanced civilization than we did.  Much of this improvement is due to the public spirit of many of our citizens, both old and new, who were determined that a better order of things should prevail; part of it is doubtless due to the increased population of the Godly element among us, the invariable and indispensible promoter of civilization.  We may, however, attribute our growth very largely to our unusually bright prospects of becoming a permanent and prosperous settlement and the business centre of Southern Colorado.  Our geographical situation is peculiarly inseprable (?) to this idea.  Our position at the junction of the Arkansas and Fontaine qui Bouille, naturally gives us the traffic (?) of the farming region of those unusually productive valleys, while our bridge and its diverging roads beyond the river enable us to command the productive country south of the Arkansas.  As producers always seek for a market and trading town, a point where there is sufficient demand to create competition, and thus make prices reasonable, we are have a peculiar advantage in the command of so many different lines of internal communication.  As the country becomes more thickly settled and its prosperity increases, the town, being as we have shown, its natural centre, much increase in proportion.  Enterprising merchants have not been slow to appreciate these prospective advantages, and hence our rapid growth, since the importance of Southern Colorado as a producing region has begun to be appreciated.  We are suffering now, instead, from the prostration of business which is felt all over the country, but have every reason to hope for increased and permanent prosperity as soon as the ___ral money market becomes easier.  The only thing that could prevent our ____e growth would be the erection of a ___pad town in our immediate neighborhood.  This, however, is not at all likely, for, in the first place, we are on the natural line of communication east and west through the country, and if the railroad takes a course which will bring ____ar enough to command our trade, it would be likely to pass through the town; and secondly, our position as holding the ___ to so many natural roads, would, sooner or later, make it profitable to construct a branch railroad to the point, even though the main line should be at some distance from us.  We have, therefore little fears for the future growth and prosperity of the town, and encourage our citizens to bear up bravely against the present depressed condition of business, in the well-grounded assurance of "good time coming."

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, October 15, 1868  
               FATAL AFFRAY.
        The following account of a fatal affray, near the mouth of the Huerfano, has been sent us by a gentleman at Fort Reynolds: "At a fandango, on the Huerfano, Saturday, October 10th, given by French Joe, a son-in-law of Charley Autubees, a party of soldiers and citizen employees from Fort Reynolds attended.  About midnight a Mexican fired upon one of the soldiers, who was very drunk, and who instantly returned the fire.  The soldier's name is George H. Greenland.  Mr. John H. Price, a carpenter at the Fort, in attempting to take the pistol from Greenland received a shot in the right breast, from which he died Monday morning.  Mr. Price was much esteemed by all who knew him."
        We learn from other sources that the soldier, Greenland, was badly injured in the fray, and that his recovery is doubtful.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, October 15, 1868
        A music teacher wanted.  See advertisement, under "new to-day."
        A new post-office has been established on the Cucharas, H. W. Jones postmaster.
        The District Court for El Paso county will commence its term on Tuesday next, Judge Hallett presiding.
        We learn that a select school is soon to be opened in Pueblo, under the superintendance of Miss Ring, late of Denver.
        A party of about sixty hostile Indians made their appearance about six miles from Fort Lyon, the latter part of last week.  
       There are five candidates for the honor of representing the little Territory of Dakota, in the next Congress of the United States.
        The county canvassers, of Costilla county, rejected a precinct which gave 29 votes for Belden and 5 for Bradford, for alleged informality.
        Dr. Holland, of the Springfield Republican, is responsible for the story that the late Adah Isaacs Menken killed himself by drinking whisky on a wager.
        Dr. George Adkins, formerly of California, has lately arrived in Pueblo, and is ready to treat all diseases of the horse.  He can be seen at the Dexter Livery Stable.
        A special agent of the Post-office Department paid Pueblo a visit this week.  He came by the Arkansas route, and we understand will extend his trip to New Mexico.
        Our devil says that this has been an extraordinary "Indian Summer."  It set in remarkably early, and Providence and Gen. Sherman permitting, it bids fair to last all winter.
        The body of Mr. Price, who was killed at Charley Autubees', on Saturday last, was buried at this place on Tuesday by the Good Templars, of which order the deceased had been a member.  
       The new organ for St. Peter's Church, in this place was received by the rector, on Monday last.  It is a very fine instrument and we have no doubt will prove quite an attraction to church-goers.
        Yesterday was a great day among that class of our politicians, who back their opinions by making pecuniary ventures.  Betting was going on at a rate rarely seen in a virtuous country community.
        Clarke & Bunten, carpenters, wheel-wrights, and cabinet makers, Trinidad, Colorado, advertise in our columns today.  We cordially recommend them to our Trinidad neighbors as good and prompt workmen.
        St. Peter's Church, Pueblo. - Divine service and sermon every Sunday at 11 A. M., and 7 P. M., in Rice's Hall, (over Thatcher's store.)  Sunday school and Bible class at 2 1/2 P. M.  All are cordially invited.
        The Denver News is getting ashamed of its gross attack upon the CHIEFTAIN, and its young editors bid fair to be very respectable and creditable members of the editorial profession.  
       Our New Mexican exchanges are received very irregularly.  We are thus deprived of the privilege of laying before our readers the news from our sister Territory with as much regularity as we would gladly do.  Whose is the fault?   
      The election returns now pouring in are probably decisive of the Presidential election, and the country ought to be congratulated that the result is drawing so near.  When decided, we may hope that business and the confidence of business men may be revived.    
     Some of our subscribers living on the Huerfano and in the San Luis Valley, complain of not having received the CHIEFTAIN with regularity.  The fault is not with us.  The paper goes to press late Wednesday evening, and is placed in the postoffice in time for the Thursday morning's mail.    
     The mining news from California Gulch is very favorable.  A great deal of specie has been taken out this season, in some claims averaging from fifteen to sixteen dollars per man.  We learn that our old townsman, Doc. Burt, has been quite successful, and intends to return and spend the winter (and we hope, some of his money) in Pueblo.   
      It affords us much pleasure to chronicle the fact that the Colorado Agricultural Society has recognized the superior merits of the Singer Sewing Machine over all others.  The competition for that trophy was great, many of the well known machines having been on exhibition, but none were able to successfully compete with the Singer.  The indefatigable agent of that company, Miss L. S. Fraser, also exhibited various specimens of work, executed by those machines, among them two excellent pictures of horses, stitched on leather, which attracted the particular attention of the horse connoisseurs.  These unique and perfect specimens of handiwork received a just recognition at the hands of the judges, by the award of one of the first premiums.  Besides this novelty, Miss Fraser also exhibited a varied assortment of ladies' linen cuffs, braided and stitched by the Singer Machine; also ladies' shoes, pin-cushions, and samples of hemming, felling, ruffling, binding, cording, braiding, &c., for which she received no less than six premiums.  The Singer Sewing Machine Company have just cause for congratulation; after having received such flattering testimonials from our Agricultural Society, and we hope the energy they have displayed in establishing an agency in our midst, will receive such patronage from our people as the excellence of their machine deserves.  
We paid a visit on last Monday to the splendid ranch of Dotson & Blake, situated on the St. Charles, at the base of the mountains.  This ranch is one of the most beautiful places in the Territory, and is well deserving a more than passing mention.  The enterprising owners employ at present a force of about forty men, and have under cultivation a tract of land of somewhat over six hundred acres.  This amount they propose to more than double next summer.  This they are able to accomplish easily, the amount of land fit for cultivation being practically unlimited.  They are also putting up a first class flouring mill on the lower extremity of the ranch about nine miles from their present residence, and are projecting and carrying forward other improvements which, when completed, will well entitle the place to be called the model farm of the Territory.  A place more romantic and beautiful in its surroundings can nowhere be found on the face of the globe, and what art and enterprise can do to utilize, adorn and beautify it, will be done under the energetic supervision of its fortunate proprietors.
Two men, one calling himself Williams, but identified as one Ed. Stewart, formerly a soldier in the Colorado First, and the other calling himself G. B. Hunter, were arrested on Monday evening last by R. F. Bagby, Esq., at his residence twenty-four miles below this place.  They were riding, the one a gray horse, and the other a bay, which were identified as property stolen from some one in or near Denver.  The thieves and the stolen property will be held in custody of Sheriff Price to await the action of the Denver authorities.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, October 22, 1868    
     The farmers along the lower part of the Fontaine qui Bouille whose crops suffered somewhat on account of a lack of water for irrigating purposes in the early part of the summer, are clamorous for the protection of their interests by law.  The charge is made that a great deal of water was wasted by settlers along the upper part of the creek.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, Thursday, October 22, 1868, page 2:
Born. In Pueblo, on the 16th inst., to Mr. and Mrs. Harry Pickard, a son.

Married. On Thursday, October 8, at the residence of E. Manierre, Esq., in this city, by the Rev. W. E. Manley, Mr. JOHN L. DAILEY, of the Rocky Mountain News, Denver, Colorado, and Mrs. HELEN M. WOODBURY, daughter of the officiating clergyman.  No cards. - Waukegan (Ill.) Gazette.  We tender our congratulations to the junior editor and proprietor of the News, upon the improved prospects of happiness and usefulness, resulting from his recent matrimonial venture.  That he and his fair bride may enjoy all the blessings ever vouchsafed to mortals, is our earnest prayer.

Died.  On the 9th of October, 1868, at the residence of Coburn & Root, in Pueblo county, C. T. (Colorado Territory), JAMES BROOMFIELD, aged 60 years.  Texas papers please copy.  "Uncle Jimmy," as he was familiarly called by a host of friends, will long be remembered as a kind hearted, whole-souled old man.  He was one of the class now fast disappearing from our midst.  A pioneer, hunter and trapper, his life was spent among the mountains and on the prairies.  He was endowed in a large degree with that simplicity of character and rugged honesty which distinguish the best of his class.  May he rest in peace.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, Thursday, October 22, 1868, page 2:        
        $50 REWARD.      
   ESCAPED from custody on the night of October 20th, JAMES KENNEDY.  Kennedy is about five feet ten inches in height, weighs about 180 or 190 pounds, has no beard, and is about 21 or 22 years of age.  He had been committed under the charge of larceny.  The above reward will be paid for his apprehension and delivery to the undersigned at Pueblo.      
           H. R. PRICE, Sheriff Pueblo County.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, Thursday, October 22, 1868, page 3:      
   Pueblo beer for sale at Hall's Progreso and the X-10-U-8 saloons.      
   Brevet Capt. Charles A. Curtis, relieved Brevet Lieut. Col. J. G. Tilford, in the command of Fort Reynolds, October 17, 1868.      
   Messrs. Reynolds & Co., traders of Fort Lyon, received the contract to furnish that Post with 110,000 feet of lumber at $63 per M.      
   We were in error last week in stating that the fatal affray, in which Mr. Price lost his life, occurred at Mr. Autubees.  It took place at a point distant two miles from that place on the Huerfano.      

   It will be seen by reference to our table of election returns that Hon. Wilbur F. Stone defeated Dick Wootten for District Attorney, by a majority of 1,249, although Dick is one of the oldest practitioners at the bar in the Territory.        

Fort Lyon has been reinforced by a part of a company of the 10th cavalry.  There is reason to hope that, as soon as the elections are over in the Southern States, more troops may be sent to the relief of the border country.        

C. D. Peck, at the Pueblo City Market, offers beef, by the side (fore and hind quarter), for 9 cents per pound.  Ranchmen, freighters, and consumers, generally, will profit by attention to this notice.        

Mr. James P. Murray, of the Saint Charles, has this year raised a crop of potatoes superior to any crop of that vegetable we have yet seen.  A large number brought to this office averaged from a pound and a half to two pounds in weight, and were perfectly sound throughout.  They are of the variety known as peach blossom.        

Capt. Curtis, commanding at Fort Reynolds, has received authority to purchase an unlimited supply of corn, at one dollar and twenty cents per bushel, if delivered in sacks, and at one dollar if delivered in bulk.  This corn is for the use of the troops on the plains, and will be purchased here to assist the farmers in the country, provided they deliver it for the prices named; otherwise the corn will be bought in Kansas.        

On the 20th inst., Lieut. Thomas, A. C. S. of Fort Lyon, received proposals to furnish that Post with 80,000 pounds of the best Colorado flour.  Much interest is manifested by our citizens in the award of the contract.  In our next, we will be able to announce who is the successful bidder.        

Among the new houses which have been put up in town during the last week, we notice a fine residence, owned by Philander Craig, Esq., in the upper part of town, and a barber shop, adjoining the court house.  Harry Pickard is also erecting a spacious addition to his Pueblo House, his increasing business rendering such addition necessary.      

   The small Melodeon formerly used for Church Services is now offered for sale on reasonable terms.  It is in good tone and condition, and will answer all the purposes of those who desire to learn to use the instrument.  It can be seen and the terms of the purchase ascertained, at the room of the owner, over Gilman's Pueblo Restaurant, next (to) the Post Office.     

    The new jail now in the course of construction, supplies a need very long felt by the community.  Crimes and misdemeanors have, to a great extent, gone unpunished for lack of a place of confinement.  This want is now being supplied by Robert N. Daniels, Esq., who has a stone building in process of erection, ample in size and constructed to insure the safe custody of malefactors.  We have in this Arkansas country the most virtuous population in the Territory, but an occasional ill-doer needs to know the existence of this strong stone building.     

    As will be seen from our advertisement, Wolfe Hall, the Episcopal High School for girls, erected at Denver City through the efforts of Bishop Randall, is now open and in full operation.  The building is one of the finest that Denver can boast, and its accommodations for boarding scholars are exceedingly healthy and comfortable.  The school has now nearly sixty pupils, most of whom, however, are day scholars, so that there is as yet ample room for scholars from a distance.  The principal and manager, Prof. Chas. Ames Spencer, is an experienced and well qualified teacher, having conducted successfully two different seminaries at the East.  A personal acquaintance with his corps of teachers enables us to assure the public of their competency to materially assist in the education of any who may be entrusted to their care.  The matron, Mrs. King, is an experienced housekeeper, and in every way qualified to give to young ladies the comforts of a home.  The institution is open for the reception of pupils at every stage of advancement, and is ready to give instructions in all the branches of a polite education.  The institution has been established entirely with funds collected for that purpose by Bishop Randall at the East.  It is entirely out of debt, and any profits above necessary expenses, accruing from the patronage of the public, will be devoted to the improvement of the school.  It is already equal to many which are called first class schools at the East, and we can cordially recommend it to the patronage of those who have daughters to educate.  Further particulars than are contained in the advertisement will be promptly furnished by Prof. Chas. A. Spencer, Wolfe Hall, Denver City, C. T.      

   The news of the capture of Mrs. Blinn and her little child, has been published in the papers of the Territory.  The following additional particulars are supplied by a private letter from a gentleman at Fort Lyon, under date of October 18th.  Mr. Blinn with his family and nine men, were with a train of eight wagons and one hundred head of cattle on their way to the States.  About fifty miles below Fort Lyon, the train was attacked by Indians.  They stampeded the cattle attached to the wagon in which Mrs. Blinn and her child, while her husband was assisting in the defense of the train, and succeeded in getting away with all the oxen and four wagons together with their captives.  About 10 o'clock on the night of the 10th, Lieut. Abell, in command of part of a company of cavalry, came to the relief of the men who had been with the train, and found them surrounded by about fifty Indians.  The following morning Lieut. Abell crossed the river with ten men in search of the captives.  The Indians had fled, but he succeeded in finding the place where they had been camped.  Examining the camping ground, he found a card on one side of which were the words, "Willie and I are prisoners.  They will keep us.  Save us.  Clara Blinn."  On the other side of the same card was written, "Dick, if you live save us.  We are with them.  Clara Blinn."  The card was delivered by Lieut. Abell to the distracted husband.  As the savages were in great force, Lieut. Abell was unable to keep up the pursuit with any prospect of success.  So far as we have learned, no measures have yet been taken for the rescue of the captives.  

       Scott Kelly has opened a new saloon, on Santa Fe avenue, near Cooper's tin shop.  

       Our excellent correspondent A. S. W., writes us from Oro City, that Jack Crawley was shot by W. F. Phillips, on the evening of October 18, at the 5-20 saloon.  Crawley died without speaking.  Both had been drinking, and at the time of the shooting were disputing about some old gambling difficulty.  An examination of Phillips was to be had the next day. - News.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, October 29, 1868 
    Five companies of the 10th (colored) cavalry arrived at Fort Lyon last week.  There are now about nine companies at that Post.  We learn from gentlemen lately arrived from the Fort, that Gen. Penrose is organizing an expedition against the Indians.  It is his purpose to move southward next week with about seven companies.  He has reason to believe that the villages of the Cheyennes, Arapahoes and Kiowas are located on the Cimarron, and his first object will be to find them.  The expedition will be accompanied by some of the best scouts in the country, among them Tom. Tobens, Mariana Autubees and Wild Bill.     

    Gen. Penrose's well-earned reputation as a dashing fighter, leads to the hope that he will strike a decisive blow, and relieve us from the fear of Indian incursions for a long time.     

    Major Kirk, at Fort Lyon, has received orders to construct a large number of stables for horses, and is making preparations to have the work accomplished at as early a day as possible.  The military authorities at both Reynolds and Lyon are also in accordance with orders laying in a large quantity of supplies.  The indications are that a large cavalry force will be wintered at each one of those posts.  We now begin to believe that Government is making ample preparations to subdue the refractory Indians and make an end of their predatory incursions.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, October 29, 1868 
From Oro City.    
      ORO CITY, Oct. 21st. 1868.   
      EDS. CHIEFTAIN: - After quite a long silence, permit me to address you a few lines concerning this part of the Territory.   

      Drift and sluice mining is nearly suspended here for the season.  During the winter, all mining done will be by the rocker, which, I am told, pays, on an average, three dollars per day.  There will be, however, a good deal of prospecting done, as well as sinking upon known lodes.  During the past season, every claim has paid.  The average has been about fifteen dollars per diem to the man, which, I think, fairly entitles our work to be called a success.   

      The miners are making preparations for winter, but I confess to looking forward with a good deal of trepidation to the prospect of wading through snow from two to four feet deep for three or four months to come.  I hope, however, that with the assistance of balls, parties, and hot drinks, to weather the storm agreeably, if not profitably.    

     And now for an item of tragic interest.  Jack Crawley, of somewhat doubtful fame in Pueblo, was shot dead on the night of the 14th inst. by W. Phillips, during a drunken quarrel in the Five-Twenty Bar.  The Coroner's inquest rendered a verdict of justifiable homicide.  Phillips was admitted to bail in the amount of $2,000 for his appearance next August at the Dayton District Court.    

     Poor Jack!  While he possessed some noble and generous qualities, which commanded the respect and good feeling of many, he yet, by his overbearing, garrulous disposition while under the influence of liquor, has met the fate long predicted - a sudden, violent death.  The days of rowdyism, in this part of the world, have passed, and I imagine the decent, law abiding citizen is the gainer.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, October 29, 1868 
   Near Fort Union Crossing, Huerfano county, on the 22d inst., Miss KITTIE, daughter of John W. and Hettie Brown, aged 13 years.      

   On the 12th inst., at Trinidad, Colorado, LORENA, daughter of T. B. and Martha Chaplin, aged 3 years, 4 months and 11 days.       

  At Trinidad, on the 24th inst., the infant daughter of John R. and Mary Skelley.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, October 29, 1868 
   TAKEN BY VIRTUE OF OF AN EXECUTION issued out of the office of the Probate Court, of Pueblo County, sitting within and for the County of Pueblo, in the Territory of Colorado, to me directed, and will be exposed for sale at public vendue (?) at the place or farm known as John Branaman's, on THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 21ST, A. D. 1868, at 10 o'clock, A. M., to the highest and best bidder the following described property to-wit: Eight hundred bushels of corn in bulk, also the farm (?), or as much thereof as will be required to satisfy execution and costs.    
     The above farm, as above described, is situated on the south side of the Arkansas river, ten or fifteen miles below Fort Reynolds.  Seized and taken in execution at the suit of Louis Kramer against John W. Branaman.  Terms and condition of sale made known at any time before the sale commences.  HENLY R. PRICE, Sheriff.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, October 29, 1868 
  BY VIRTUE OF A WRIT OF EXECUTION issued out of the Probate Court, sitting in and for the County of Pueblo and Territory of Colorado, in favor of S. S. Smith and William Barber, and against the lands and tenements and goods and chattels of the Kezer Brothers, by which I am commanded to make the sum of eleven hundred and forty-two and nineteen one hundreths dollars, ($1,142 19-100), damages, and the further sum of twenty-two and forty one hundreths dollars ($22 40-100), cost of suit, I have levied on and shall offer for sale at public vendue, on the premises, in said county, on WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 18TH. A. D. 1868, at 2 o'clock, P. M., to the highest bidder, for cash, all the right, title and interest to the following described property, to-wit: Lots No. two (2), three (3), four (4), and the east half of lot five (5), block No. fifty-one (51), in the town of Pueblo, and County and Territory aforesaid.      
          R. N. DANIELS, Constable.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, October 29, 1868     

    Hon. A. A. Bradford, Delegate elect to Congress, arrived home on Sunday last.    

     Pueblo Beer is equal to the best and can be had at the X 10 U 8 and Kelley's new Saloon.    

     The warriors of the Kiowa tribe are estimated at 3,600 in number, the Cheyennes at 2,500, and the Arapahoes at about 1,000.    

     We call the attention of farmers to the advertisement of Lieut. Lambert A. A. Q. M. at Fort Reynolds.  It will be seen that he is empowered to purchase an unlimited supply of corn.      

   Governor Gilpin accompanied by Prof. Hayden, R. W. Whitsett, Esq., Mr Mort. C. Fisher and W. C. Bucklen, passed through Pueblo on Sunday evening, en route for San Luis Park.       

  Mr. W. M. Renkin, who lives on Barney O'Nell's ranche, on the Las Animas, two miles below Trinidad, informs us that he, this year, raised over 30,000 pounds of onions on one acre of ground.

        Mr. John Bigelow, at the Santa Clara Station, on the road to Trinidad, keeps a neat and comfortable house for the accommodation of travelers as we can testify from experience.  No traveler should pass without giving him a call.   

      The town is full of strangers and gentlemen from abroad in attendance on the District County now in session.  Among the arrivals we notice Judge Baird, Mr. Boyles, Mr. Thompson, Mr. W. A. Bransford, from Trinidad, Capt. Hendred, from Huerfano and Col. John M. Francisco, from the Cucharas.     

    O. J. Goldrick, Esq., Editor and proprietor of the Rocky Mountain Herald, announces through the columns of his paper, that he will commence the publication of a daily paper in the spring.  Mr. G. has attained a high position among the editorial fraternity of the Territory, and the appearance of his daily will be welcomed by a host of friends.      

   Excellent yeast for sale at the Pueblo Beer Brewery.      

   Chief Justice Hallett arrived here on last Monday, for the purpose of holding the District Court.  Of the legal fraternity, of Denver, we also notice Hon. B. B. Stiles and U. S. Attorney Chamberlain.      

   Doctor Burt and family came down from the mountains, the latter part of last week, to spend the winter in Pueblo.  The Doctor says quite a number of families from Lake county will be down in a few days.     

    A new school district has been organized on the Fontaine, in this county.  The officers are as follows: R. Armstrong, President, H. W. Bell, Secretary, and E. B. Sutherland, Treasurer.  We are not advised of the boundaries of the new district.     

    Ute, the Ute chief, is camped on the Cucharas with about one hundred lodges of his people.  He is about to start on an expedition against the Plain Indians, and has extended an invitation to the Mexicans to join him.     

    Our excellent young friend, Julius Berry, Esq., of Denver, made his appearance among us on last Tuesday.  Mr. Berry has lately joined the noble army of Benedicts, and we take this our first opportunity to congratulate him on the happy event, and to extend to him the expression of our best wishes for his future happiness.      

   Lieut. Thomas, of Fort Lyon, gave us a call at our office the latter part of last week.  The Fort, he tells us, is just at present quite a lively place, and likely to remain so during the winter.  Several hundred "colored cusses from Africa," who sport the uniform of Uncle Sam, have lately been added to the garrison, which circumstance gives color to his report.     

    We learn by a letter from a correspondent at Elizabeth, N. M., that mining operations both in gulch and quartz mining are very much depressed at present, though a prosperous future is anticipated when the big ditch is completed and the quartz mills are in full operation.  The opening of spring will doubtless bring lively times to that section, meanwhile the denizens of Elizabeth must possess their souls in patience.    

     HORSE THIEVES ARRESTED. - We learn from a gentleman who lives in Huerfano County, the particulars in regard to the arrest of three persons for horse stealing near Badito, in that county, on the 20th of the present month.  Suspicious circumstances attracted the attention of some of the community to the movements of one man, who was taken on suspicion.  He was persuaded to make a clean breast of it, and revealed the existence of a band of horse thieves, of whom he confessed himself to be one.  With him as a guide, the citizens found two more men in a retired spot, who had in their possession seven stolen horses.  The stolen property is now in the possession of the citizens of Badito, and the thieves are in custody at the same place.  The horses were probably stolen in the Northern part of the Territory, or from the vicinity of Cheyenne.  The prisoners are all Mexicans.     

    M. D. Thatcher, Esq., merchant of this place, arrived home the latter part of last week, from a trip to the Eastern cities, made for the purpose of laying in his fall stock of goods.  We are informed that he has a splendid stock of goods in transit, which will arrive in a few days.       

  The following named gentlemen compose the Grand Jury, now in session at this place: H. M. Fosdick, W. J. Thompson, George Gilbert, E. B. Cozzens, T. J. Graves, E. B. Sutherland, James Chatham, Abram Cronk, J. H. Warrant, N. W. Welton, J. J. Thomas, P. K. Dotson, J. D. Patterson, J. B. Doze, John Hicklin, David Roberts, M. Beshoar, Ramon Vigil, Geo. Thompson, M. S. Lynde, Wm. Bransford.


Colorado Weekly Chieftain, January 7, 1869

At a Mass Convention of the citizens of Southern Colorado, held in the Court House at Pueblo, on the 1st day of January, A. D. 1869, pursuant to a call of members of the Democratic and Republican Territorial Committees, and citizens of Southern Colorado irrespective of party, the following proceedings were had:

On motion, Wilbur F. Stone, Esq., of Pueblo county, was chosen president, and M. G. Bradford secretary.

On motion, the following named persons were chosen vice-presidents, viz: James A. Foster, Las Animas county; H. A. E. Pickard, Pueblo county; Spencer Maynard, Fremont county, and Z. G. Allen, Huerfano county.

The president, on taking the chair, stated the object of the convention to be for the purpose of expressing in a public manner our opinion upon the subject of the admission of Colorado as a State.

H. C Thatcher, Esq., moved that a committee of five be appointed by the chair to draft resolutions expressive of the sense of the meeting, which motion was adopted, and the following persons were appointed said committee: H. C. Thatcher and H. M. Fosdick, of Pueblo county; Spencer Maynard, of Fremont county; M. Beshoar, of Las Animas county, and Z G. Allen, of Huerfano county.

During the absence of the committee the convention was ably addressed by T. C Wetmore, Esq., and Hon. Geo. A. Hinsdale.

The following communication from Las Animas county was received, and on motion of Hon. Geo. A. Hinsdale was ordered to be spread upon the minutes of this convention, to-wit:

TRINIDAD, LAS ANIMAS COUNTY, C.T., December 28, 1868.

To the President of the Convention to be held at Pueblo, Colorado Territory, January 1, 1869:

SIR: - Deeply regretting that circumstances prevent us from attending your convention in person, than which nothing would afford us more pleasure, we take this mode of expressing our thanks to the meeting which conferred upon us the honor of representing the views of the citizens of our county in your convention, and expressing our sentiments in regard to the outrage which unprincipled politicians are endeavoring to perpetrate upon the people of our Territory.

Believing, as we do, that a large majority of the citizens of Colorado are opposed to State upon any terms which it is reasonable to suppose Congress will prescribe, we are opposed to the admission of the Territory without submitting the question, together with the constitution under which we are to live, to a vote of the people. We believe that with our present population scarce thirty thousand and the present high rate of taxation, that in a financial point of view admission as a State at this time will be ruinous to our people. As citizens of Southern Colorado, we regard the attempt of Denver politicians to rush the Territory into statehood in opposition to the known wishes of our people met which with the present unequal and unjust representation will enable those who reside in the northern portion of the Territory, by superiority in numbers in the legislature, to elect from the north officers to fill the vacancies which would in that event exist in Southern Colorado, antagonistic to our feelings, sentiments and interests: this we regard as an insult to the intelligence of the citizens of Southern Colorado, unwarranted by our course towards the people of the north, and unprecedented except in the haughty, arrogant treatment of our citizens by the leaders of the State movement at the north; and further believing that our best interests demand an united opposition to the unscrupulous office-seekers of the north, we pledge our undivided support to any and all measures that your convention may in your wisdom adopt in reference to the furtherance of the views of our citizens in opposition to State, without regard to party affiliations of judicial belief.

Yours Respectfully, W. A. Bransford, Filipe Baca

The committee on resolutions reported the following, which were read to the convention:

Resolved. That we are unalterably opposed to the admission of the Territory of Colorado into the Union as a State under the existing constitution alleged to have been adopted in A. D. 1865, for the following among other good and sufficient reasons:

1st. Because said constitution provides for the election of a State Legislature under the present obviously unjust apportionment, whereby in the language of the call for this convention the whole of Southern Colorado, including the eight counties of El Paso, Fremont, Pueblo, Huerfano, Las Animas, Costilla, Conejos and Saguache, with a joint voting population of twenty-five hundred and twenty-two which has only nine members of the legislative assembly, while the three counties of Lake, Park and Summit, with a total voting population of five hundred and sixty-four (564) voters, have precisely the same number - nine members of the legislature thereby making it possible for a minority of the voting population through their representatives in the legislature, to rule, and to choose senators in Congress;

2d. Because said constitution provides for the exemption from taxation of a large portion of our wealth, viz: "mines and mining claims," thereby materially adding to the already onerous burden of taxation, and making an unfair discrimination between the farmers, merchants, laborers, and the poorer class of our citizen - generally, on the one hand, and the more wealthy owners of mines and mining property on the other;

3d. Because said constitution provides for the election of three Judges of the Supreme Court, without providing that they shall be residents of the districts respectively where they are required to preside in the Circuit Courts, making it possible that all the Judges of the Supreme Court may be residents of one and the same judicial district.

Resolved. That our delegate in Congress is hereby requested to use his utmost exertions to procure the passage of an enabiling act. In the end that the question of admission, and all the terms thereof, may be submitted under the safeguards of law in the direct vote of the citizens of the Territory.

Resolved. That the admission of Colorado under the so-called constitution of 1865, would be in direct violation of the principles of our government, and the grossest outrage upon the rights of one half of the citizens of the Territory, who have never in any manner whatsoever had an opportunity to vote upon the adoption of the said constitution; that we condemn in unqualified terms the present movement looking to the admission of Colorado, as the work of crafty, unscrupulous and office-seeking demagogues who are inspired only by selfish motives and are regardless of the will of the people, whose dearest rights and interests are at stake. After the reading of the resolutions, and on motion to adopt, speeches were made by H. C. Thatcher, Esq., Hon. Geo. A. Hinsdale, H. M. Fosdick, Esq., Dr. Beshoar, the Chair, and others, portions of the State Constitution being read and the objectionable features pointed out, and the question of State admission was ably argued at length; after which the question was put, and the resolutions were adopted without a dissenting vote.

On motion of H. C. Thatcher, Esq., the following resolution was then adopted:

Resolved. That the thanks of this convention are due and are hereby tendered to that portion of the Press of Colorado that with untiring assiduity and marked ability has arrayed itself on the side of the people in opposing the admission of Colorado as a State, under the present odious constitution.

On motion of H. M. Fosdick, Esq., it was ordered that a copy of the proceedings of this convention be forwarded to Hon. George M. Chilcott, our delegate in Congress, and a copy of same be furnished the several newspapers of the Territory of Colorado, for publication.

A vote of thanks was then returned to the officers of the convention, for the able and impartial manner in which they had performed their respective duties, after which, there being no further business before the convention, it was, on motion of Geo. A. Hinsdale, adjourned sine die.
WILBUR F. STONE, President, M. G. BRADFORD, Secretary.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, January 7, 1869

DISSOLUTION OF CO-PARTNERSHIP. Notice is hereby given to all whom it may concern, that the co-partnership heretofore existing between M. BESHOAR and SAM. McBRIDE, doing business under the name and style of "BESHOAR & McBRIDE," is this day dissolved by mutual consent. M. BESHOAR, SAM. McBRIDE, Pueblo, C. T., January 1st, 1869.

The Southern Overland Stage and Express Company have established a general ticket agency at Pueblo - Mr. M. D. Thatcher, agent - for the sale of tickets to Fort Wallace, Leavenworth, Kansas City, St. Louis, New York, and all points east.

We call attention to the advertisement of Mr. A. McCune, under the head of "new to-day." Painters, house finishers, those who need ornamental painting done, and all who are interested in procuring the articles on hand, cannot do better than to patronize our friend McCune.

We, the undersigned, merchants of Pueblo, do hereby agree, that on and after the first day of January A. D., 1869, we will close our respective places of business, from Saturday night until the following Monday morning. - THATCHER BROS., KASTON & BERRY, COOPER, BROS. & CO., RETTBERG & BARTELS, JOHN JENNER, C. J. HART, JOHN GILLIGAN.

Our enterprising townsman, Mr. Wm. H. Young, has conceived and commenced carrying into effect a project to change the channel of the Arkansas, west of town, so as to prevent further washing away of the lower part of the town and the Bent's Fort road, below the brewery.

Quite an exodus of lawyers took place from Pueblo last Sunday, to attend the important case of Hicklin, as administrator of the Boyce estate, vs. Felix St. Vrain, before Hon. D. J. Hayden, Probate Judge of Huerfano county. A change of venue was greeted. Bradford and Hinsdale for plaintiff; Stone, Thatcher and Baird for defendant.

We learn that private dispatches have been received from Washington, announcing that confirmation by act of Congress of the "Nolan Grant," which embraces the land south of the Arkansas, opposite town. Our neighbors P. K. Dotson and H. Blake are the fortunate owners of this grant, and, we understand, have just obtained a warranty deed from the grantees.

We learn that the festival given last Friday night, for the benefit of St. Peter's church, was a decided success, and was enjoyed by everybody present. The supper was kindly contributed by the ladies of Pueblo, and pronounced one of the best ever enjoyed in town. The music was kindly contributed by the Clarke Brothers and Ed. Cozzens. Over $103 were added to the building fund. The success of the entertainment is mainly due to the efforts of Mr. Wm. H. Young, the enterprising chairman of the committee of arrangements.

$20 REWARD. - Lost, between Pueblo and Trinidad, a young man wearing spectacles, a two-story hat and pigeon-tail coat. When last heard from, was riding a lame burro, on the Huerfano. Any one finding and delivering him at Rice's Hall, next Sunday morning at eleven o'clock, will receive the above reward and no questions asked.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, March 11, 1869  

       NOTICE.  Having sold the entire business of the COLORADO CHIEFTAIN printing office to Sam. McBride, all bills due said office must be paid to him.      M. BESHOAR, Pueblo, Colorado, March 6th, 1869.  

       NOTICE.  Having this day purchased of M. Beshoar all his interest in the COLORADO CHIEFTAIN newspaper, I hereby assume the payment of all debts due by the office of the said newspaper, and release M. Beshoar from all liability thereon.     SAM. McBRIDE, Pueblo, Colorado, March 6th, 1869.  

       Forty tons of hay, for sale, by D. B. Berry.  

       D. G. Peabody will not be undersold.  

       Capt. E. L. Berthoud, of Golden City, having completed his surveys along the Arkansas river, departed for home on last Tuesday.  

       Col. J. M. Francisco, of Huerfano county, left this place on last Tuesday for Kansas City, Missouri.  He will be absent ten or fifteen days.    

     Farmers about the country are very busy putting in wheat.  The ground, since the snow a few days ago, is in excellent condition for the plough.    

     Augustus Bartlett, Carpenter, may be found at his shop, at the upper end of Santa Fe avenue, ready to receive and execute orders for Carpenter and Cabinet work.    

     St. Peter's Church, although not entirely completed, is now occupied as a place of worship.  When completed, it will present an appearance creditable to the town and the liberality of those citizens who have contributed to its construction.    

     Arrivals of fresh goods at Peabody's every week.  His motto is: "The nimble sixpence is better than the slow shilling."    

     A. Clough & Co., Post Traders, Fort Reynolds, advertise their business in our columns under the head of "New Today."  These gentlemen have a commanding location for the trade of the lower part of the county, and are eminently worthy a generous share of the public patronage.    

     Some of our citizens lately returned from Kansas City give glowing accounts of the life and activity which pervade that city.  Work is progressing rapidly on the great bridge over the Missouri, and it is thought it will be ready for the passage of trains before the close of summer.   

      Wm. H. Young, Esq., has purchased the large adobe house, near the brewery, and is fitting it for a residence.   

      L. B. Maxwell discovered a gold-bearing lode a few days ago, which is said to surpass in richness anything heretofore brought to light.  Such is the latest news from the Moreno.  Those mines will pay the national debt, yet.    

     Hon. Wilbur F. Stone is erecting a building, for a law office, near his residence, at the upper end of town.    

     Mr. J. L. Dorsey, of the St. Charles, formerly of the State of Georgia, informs us that a number of his old neighbors are on their way to this place, with a view of settling here.  There is plenty of room here, and they will be heartily welcomed.    

     The bridge over the Fontaine qui Bouille, just above town, owned by Mr. Wm. H. Young, has been thoroughly repaired.  It now has a stout railing on each side, and is eleven feet wide in the clear.  These improvements have been made in anticipation of the spring and summer travel.    

     Dr. M. Beshoar, Daniel Flinn and Michael Burke are hereby authorized to take contributions and contract for material to erect a church building 20x45, on the Catholic Church ground in Pueblo, and to take all necessary steps for the early completion of said building.      J. P. MACHEBEUF, Biship of Colorado and Utah, and Vic. Ap. Of New Mexico.    

     The voters of this school district have determined upon the construction of a new school house in the upper part of town.  The one heretofore used is in the business part of town, and unsuitably located for school purposes.  It will be sold, and the proceeds appropriated towards the building of the new house.   

      Morgan, Barndollar & Mullaly have selected ground for the manufacture of bricks, on the ditch just above the Pueblo Mills, and will, as soon as possible, have a supply of brick large enough to supply the demand.    

     M. C. Reed, Surgeon Dentist, at his rooms over Peabody's store, is prepared to do everything in the line of his profession.  Persons in need of a "tooth carpenter" will find it to their advantage to give him a call.    

     Mr. P. Craig is one of the few who have succeeded in putting up a supply of good ice.  He has filled a very large house, constructed with two separate walls filled between with charcoal.  It is the first complete structure of the kind in town.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, June 17, 1869 Honorable George M. Chilcott has purchased the Chapman ranch just above Pueblo and proposed to erect thereon a large and comodius residence.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, July 1, 1869       

  Family safes sold by A. Bartlett.  

       LIME. - I have five hundred bushels of lime, of the very best quality, which will be sold at 70 cents per bushel.      Z. G. ALLEN  

       Mr. V. B. Hoyt is the authorized general agent of THE CHIEFTAIN, to make collections and receive subscriptions and orders for advertising.  He will canvass Southern Colorado and New Mexico.  

       Furniture for sale by A. Bartlett.  

       KEEP COOL. - You can do so by getting one of those substantial ice-cream freezers at Cooper Bros.  

       G. W. Stout's Valley House is unsurpassed by any hotel in the Territory.  The determination of the landlord is to give satisfaction to his guests, by giving constant attention to their wants, and keeping his table supplied with all the substantials and luxuries of the season.  He has also an ample and commodious stable attached to the premises, so that traveler's horses will be well cared for.  

       LOOK TO YOUR INTERESTS. - The people of Pueblo and vicinity are invited to look to their interests, and protect the walls of their adobe buildings, by having Cooper Bros. & Co. put up their spouting, which will not only secure the walls from washing down, but will be a saving in the cost of water.  We noticed a few days ago a good and substantial job, put up on Perry Baxter's residence, which speaks well for the workmen.   

      Mercantile Notice.  The old and well known house of D. G. Peabody, of Denver and Pueblo, having succeeded in making the name honored, and to be cherished by millions yet unborn, has made a change in the style of the firm here, in Pueblo, by adding thereto his brother, Calvin P. Peabody, and hereafter will be known as D. G. & C. P. Peabody, and the business of the firm will be conducted by C. P. Peabody.      D. G. Peabody, Pueblo, C. T., July 1st, 1869.  

       Rev. Frank W. Winslow, late rector of this parish, departed on last Monday night for his old home in Philadelphia.  He takes with him our kindest wishes for his future happiness and prosperity.  

       St. Peter's Church was dedicated on last Sunday, by Rev. Bishop Randall.  The ceremony was exceedingly impressive and it was noticed that a large audience was in attendance.  The edifice is now nearly complete, and is one of the most tasteful and elegant churches to be found in our Territory.  The liberality of our citizens in contributing to its erection is commendable in the highest degree.  

       There has been considerable activity lately among "horse men" in Trinidad, and racing has been the order of the day.  On last Monday a race was to come off between the Red River mare and the Flanagan mare, Van Smith backing the former, and John Dunham the latter.  Stakes $500 a side.  On last Tuesday another race was set, the stakes being the same, between Thornhill's gray horse and the well-known Huerfano horse, Thornhill backing the former, and John Dunham the latter.  We have not learned the result in either case.  

       We trust our readers will not fail to bear in mind the celebration of the 4th of July, which takes place on the 5th at the grove near Woodbury's, on the Fontaine.  We are assured that every effort will be made to properly observe the natal day of our country.  

       Mr. John Eder, who lives on the Fontaine has sent us a handful of barley, of this season's growth, which is over five feet in length and heavily headed in proportion.  He, too, has a big field similar to the specimens.  

       At an informal meeting of the citizens of this place, held on last Tuesday evening, the following programme for the celebration of the Nation's Birth Day, was adopted.  At sunrise a national salute will be fired.  At 9 o'clock, a flag raising on the hill in front of town.  At 12 o'clock, a federal salute of thirteen guns.  At two P.M. all will meet on the hill in town and listen to the reading of the Declaration of Independence, an oration and music which will be followed by a collation under an arbor prepared for that purpose.  At sunset a single gun will be fired and fireworks will follow in the evening, and close the observance of the day.  As the fourth falls on Sunday, of course this programme will be carried out on Monday the 5th.  The ladies are respectfully requested to lend their aid to the preparation of the dinner, so that there may be an ample supply for all.      

   Messrs. Wilderboor & Bro. have sold their interest in the mail line between this place and Fairplay, to Mr. Jesse Love.  The latter gentleman will carry the mail on that route, commencing next week.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 16, 1869  


       Recently organized by some of our most enterprising citizens, will doubtless prove a success, having adopted as its MOTTO,  

       "Toot, toot again."  

       Toot at all convenient opportunities through the day; toot at night; when you retire to rest dream of tooting; when you awake - toot.   

      A brief mention of the personal appearance and musical ability of each member of the band may not be deemed inappropriate at the present writing.    

     "They are Music's now, and Fame's -    

     Among the few, the immortal names,    

     Which are not born to die."    

     First in order, then, comes the leader of the band,    

             JAMES RICE.        He has excellent qualities in common with other citizens, but he excels them all in musical ability.  He can make his E flat cornet ring out like slivery peals of laughter from the snowy throat of a healthful, beautiful damsel; or, he can breathe low soft notes as sweetly pensive as the twilight musings of a lady by a lake or an angel by a river.  This gentleman reads and writes music as readily as you, Mr. Editor, read proof or write an editorial.  His appearance is musical, having a mild pleasing countenance, and a soft, dreamy-looking eye that    

     "Music, heavenly maid,-----" always falls in love with.  He does not, however, look like a member of a brass band - he has no mustache.   

              GEORGE STOUT.         This gentleman relied mainly on his stoutness in waging the battle of human life.  He can   

      "Strike - till the last armed foe expires," or he can blow like a hurricane.  Mr. Stout complains of swollen lips.  The mouth-piece of his horn is very large, and he has blown his lips nearly through the instrument several times.  He is the good natured, fine-looking proprietor of the Valley House, and wears a mustache.     

            DEACON MAYNARD.         This gentleman is heavy on the blow.  Being somewhat corpulent, he relies upon his abdomen rather than his lungs to see him through.  As a musical bellows, therefore, I count him as a success.  He is a fine appearing man, and carries a noble mane, I mean, a large mustache.  He is my ideal of a good brass-bandist.    

             C. J. HART.         Mr. Hart is a very hearty man and a hearty blower.  He puts his whole heart into the instrument.  If his heart therefore does not break, he will succeed.  He is, however, slightly corpulent, and if his heart breaks he can fall back upon his stomach.  A large, good looking man, and wearing a mustache, he does credit to our noble band.   

              HENRY COOPER.         Mr. Cooper, though naturally a modest man, is learning to be a very good blower.  The man and the horn, however, seem to be out of all proportion.  I am of opinion that only big men should take large horns.  Mr. Cooper is a single man, and therefore not being subject to "blowings up" from another quarter, can stand more blowing on his horn.  He is a pleasant, good-looking young man, and is cultivating a mustache.  He is, I trust, a success.   

              J. D. MILLER.         Mr. Miller runs his musical mill with smoothness and freedom.  He can grind out as good a quality of music as any of them.  He runs on the base line, and his instrument has the deep, sonorous, soothing sound of a grist mill at mid night.  He is single, good-looking, popular, and does credit to the brass band.  He wears a mustache.   

              DR. STEVENSON.         The Dr. is a very high gentleman and therefore plays a high-keyed instrument.  He is also a long gentleman, and labors under the disadvantage of drawing long breaths.  He is, however, up to his business.  Having long legs, he is prepared to surmount all difficulties.  He is a high-toned man, wears a mustache, and is a success.  

               E. G. ALLEN.         Mr. Allen is learning to blow.  He is a fine, clever man, and wears a mustache that would do credit to any brass band.  Mr. Allen, we understand, is a mason, and therefore aware that in erecting a foundation you must lay one stone at a time.  Now, Mr. Allen, music is scientific tooting, but you can only blow one toot at a time; therefore, in laying a musical foundation you must add toot to toot until it amounts to scientific tooting.   

              EUGENE WESTON.         Mr. Weston gets up a strong Western wind and blows a heavy gale.  His lungs, abdomen and heart are all well developed.  He wears a mustache, is a good clever fellow, and, in my opinion, will either succeed or bust.    

             WILLIAM H. YOUNG.         We are glad Mr. Young is a member of the band, for they need at least one young member.  I have never heard Mr. Young blow, and a breeze from him would be quite refreshing.  He has a noble mustache, is an excellent and popular citizen, and, we believe, can learn to blow.   

              AUG. BEACH.         This gentleman is not a blower; he is a beatist.  And he can beat the beat, that beat that beat, that beat the beat that beat the beat on a base drum.  A fine-looking, round plump man, with a mustache, he and the drum look well together.         The above named gentlemen having all taken large horns, the good results are, therefore, strikingly apparent. - Their    

             FIRST FORAYS In practicing, however, were rather amusing at times.  Being present on one occasion, we imagined we could distinguish among the jargon, the following intelligible performance.  One gentleman seemed to be bellowing through his horn in a low deep voice,
       Boot - boot - boot him   
      Boot - boot - boot him
Another gentleman, as if actually undergoing the excruciating agony of a severe booting, yelled out on a higher key -
        "Murd - murd - murder!
        Murd - murd - murder!"
And still another, with his horn keyed higher still, broke out -
        "Te he - te he - te he he he!
        Te he - te he - te he he he!"
as if laughing at the whole performance.
        The members of this band have made almost incredible progress, having, at intervals of practicing through two or three weeks, learned several tunes, which they execute with quite a degree of freedom and correctness.  Hence, they were prepared for   
               THEIR MAIDEN EFFORT and an excellent opportunity was soon afforded.  Last Wednesday night, one of our estimable citizens arrived on the S. O. M. coach, bringing with him a young and accomplished bride.  This was certainly an auspicious occasion; and so, at the dead hour of midnight, the band milled forth on their musical mission.  They drew up in order before the Valley House, and, for a moment, all was deathly silent, save the snoring of the inmates and the musical gurgling of the Arkansas river.  But  
       "Hush! Hark! A sound breaks in upon the ear  
       Like a rising knell!  Did ye not hear it?  "No!  
       T'was but the voice of the wind, or the car  
       Rattling o'er the stony street."  
       We resent this imputation!  It was not noisy wind or rattling cars - it was our own brass band that broke the silence and startled the natives, and especially the bridegroom, who immediately appeared at an upper window, arrayed in clean white linen, and sat in "speechless" silence, making the impression upon all present, that   
      "The heart feels most when the lips move not."   
      The soft musical cadences of the band broke in upon the spirits of all listeners with that sweet and soothing fascination with which the moon-lit ripples of a lake break upon the shore.   
      The band, having performed several pieces, retired in good order.  In   
      Gentlemen of the Brass Band: We learn, with pleasure, that the women of our town appreciate and applaud your musical efforts; and joined with them, in appreciation and applause, is   
                      A. BACH.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, September 16, 1869   

      SHOEMAKER WANTED. - A good shoemaker can find steady employment and good wages by calling on JOHN GILLIGAN, at the Planter's House, Pueblo.   

      The construction of Conley's Hall, the Methodist Church, the new bowling alley, and several dwelling houses, is now going on.  Those improvements give the town quite a lively air.  We may say here that every house in town is occupied, and there is a steady demand for more.   

      Miss L. M. Ring, of Denver, who has spent the last eight or ten months in this place left for that city on last Friday.  Her activity in advancing every movement of a charitable and public nature, as well as her fine social qualities, have made this lady a general favorite in our community, and her departure will be deeply regretted by the large circle in which she moved.     

    Having bought Dr. Snyder's entire stock of boots and shoes, which, together with our own large assortment, will be the largest and most complete stock of boots and shoes ever offered by any one house in Southern Colorado.  This immense stock must and will be sold, wholesale or retail, at the lowest possible margin above eastern end.  We respectfully call the attention of traders and everybody in need of this line of goods to examine our stock and learn our prices before buying elsewhere.RETTBERG & BARTELS, PUEBLO, Aug. 18, 1869.      

   GOOD FORTUNE. - We are often referred by our ancient friends in spectacles and muslin caps, to the "good old times" when cooking was done in the vast fire-place by means of pots and cranes, and when the heat was so great as to crisp one's face; but since the introduction of the Charter Oak Cooking Stove we have ceased to hear these old times brought up.  They begin to realize that people long ago must have had an inconvenient time of it, without railroads, steamers, gas, friction matches, telegraph, express, sewing machines, or Charter Oak Cooking Stoves.  We point with extreme satisfaction to the fact that over one hundred thousand of celebrated Charter Oak Cooking Stoves are now in daily use throughout the West and South; and no economical housewife, with the least reflection, will think of using any other.  Cooper Brothers are in agents in Pueblo.  Sold wholesale and retail by Excelsior Manufacturing Co., St. Louis.     

    We call attention of farmers and ranchmen throughout Southern Colorado and New Mexico to the advertisement of J. Weinberg, who has the largest stocked nursery of Osage Orange in the Territory.  The demand for this article of hedging to supply farms with fencing is rapidly growing.  One ranchman in this county has five miles of it growing finely.     

    Before our Delgate in Congress goes East, to attend the next session of Congress, there ought to be a united effort by the people of Pueblo and those on the Arkansas between that place and Bent's Fort, to secure daily mail service in place of the present tri-weekly service.  If the facts were represented by our people it ought not to be a difficult matter for our Delegate to secure this measure of justice.  We are as much entitled to a daily mail as is Denver or Santa Fe, and have been for a long time.  A gap of only eighty miles needs to be filled to give us this much desired advantage.  Our Delgate should go East armed with a petition forty yards long, and should have the co-operation of every influential citizen of the Territory to secure this object.  Will not our citizens take hold of this matter in earnest?      

   The recent election has demonstrated one gratifying fact.  The remarkable increase of the population of Pueblo county has been frequently noticed by this paper, and the election shows that our calculations were correct.  The registered vote of the county exceeds eight hundred, while in some of the precincts but little more than half the voters were registered.  In several of the older precincts not one half the registered vote was polled.  Pueblo county to-day has a voting population of not less than one thousand, and a total population of about five thousand.      

   We learn from El Paso County that a person known as "Wild Bill" was killed about three miles below Colorado City on last Tuesday.  We have gleaned but few of the particulars.  According to report he had committed some offense for which he was arrested and while the Sheriff was taking him to Colorado City "Bill" was shot from the brush and instantly killed.  We give the story as we hear it, without being able to vouch for its truth in all particulars.  "Bill" was a lawless and notorious character, and has come to the end which might have been anticipated.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, December 16, 1869  

               THE NEW ROAD TO KIT CARSON.     
            PUEBLO, Dec. 15, 1869.     
    ED. CHIEFTAIN: - Knowing the interest felt by the people of this section in the location of the new road from here to Kit Carson, we, who assisted in making the survey, desider to report the following facts:     
    We left this place on the 7th inst., accompanied by Col. Bristol and a party of soldiers from Fort Reynolds, with Charley Autubees and son as guides.  We took the old road down the Arkansas river nineteen miles.  There we took a northeasterly direction seven miles to Prospect Spring.  At the latter point there is an abundant and permanent supply of water.  The next water found on our route is nine miles from the last named point, and called Bluff Spring, where water is also abundant.  Four miles farther we found Antelope Springs, a group of fine, bold springs.  Six miles from the latter point, we reached water at a place we named Camp Council.  At Four Mile Creek there is water about half a mile above the road.  This creek is four miles from Camp Council.  At the Little Sandy, two miles further, we found water with plenty of wood for camping purposes.  Bute Creek is the next watering place, six miles from the Little Sandy.  Wild Horse Spring, eight miles from Bute Creek, is the next desirable camping ground.  At a place we named Camp Division, five miles from Wild Horse Spring, wood and water are abundant.  Rush Creek, twelve miles further, furnishes plenty of water, and a little wood.  The next station is the Big Sandy, where water is abundant.  The same distance brings us to the place of our destination, the new town of Kit Carson.  At this embryo town, we found about three hundred persons, living for the most part in tents.  There are, however, six or eight houses already inclosed, in anticipation of the railroad, and building is progressing as fast as lumber can be obtained.  Timber is scarce, and wood and lumber both rule very high.  Judge Clements, of Denver, and Charles H. Phelps, of Golden City, whom we found at Kit Carson, accompanied us on our return, and expressed themselves as being highly pleased with the new road, and the future prospects of Carson.  Our trip was a pleasant one.  We found all along the route an excellent grazing country.  We saw large herds of antelope and wild horses.  The abundance of the latter gave much surprise to some of our party who had no idea that they were to be found in such numbers so near the settlements.  It will be seen that the entire distance between Pueblo and Kit Carson is only about a hundred miles, and we can safely say that when the new road becomes beaten, it will be a favorite route, as there is but little sand, and no hills worth mentioning.    
     Yours, &c., Ferd Barndollar, James Rice, John B. Rice, J. W. Henry, A. C. Jones, H. M. Fosdick, W. H. Chapman, N. Paquin, W. R. Young, R. J. Chilcott.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, December 16, 1869   

      Go to C. C. Rickard's for your photographs.   

      Green apples at John Jenner's.  

       Those wishing to purchase goods of all kinds, cheaper than the cheapest, should call at J. Berry & Bro's, where they will find a splendid assortment of staple groceries, clothing, dry goods, boots and shoes, etc., etc.   

      IMPORTANT TO RANCHMEN. - The undersigned have purchased one of Richard's celebrated "Champion of the World Corn-Shellers," and are prepared to do shelling for farmers at reduced prices.  Farmers throughout the country will find it to their advantage to patronize us.  Address, BELL & LEGGETT., Wood Valley, Pueblo co., C. T.   

      Ox yokes and bows, wagons, chains, and all fixtures belonging to a train, for sale by Ferd. Barndollar & Co.   

      We take particular pleasure in recording the fact that Mr. George F. Hall keeps an excellent restaurant in connection with his El Progresso Saloon.  We know this fact, because we, as well as all hands in the office, have recently been the recipients of an unsurpassable oyster supper, through the kindness and liberality of Mr. Hall.  May his run of custom increase, and his shadow never grow less.    

     Christmas toys of every sort calculated to please children of all ages, also every kind of confectionery, for sale by Dr. J. W. O. Snyder, at the Post office.    

     Sease & Edwards offer for sale 400 head of choice American stock cattle, in lots to suit purchasers.    

     M. C. Reed, dentist, is prepared to furnish to those requiring them, full or partial sets of teeth, and do every other kind of dentistry.  Give him a call.     

    The attention of travelers and all in need of hotel accommodations is respectfully called to the superior class of entertainment offered by the Valley House, of which Mr. George Stout is proprietor.  These accommodations will, on trial, be found to be unsurpassed, if equalled, in Southern Colorado.  A large and commodious stable is attached to the premises, so that travelers who have horses are not obliged to look elsewhere to know that they are well cared for.      

    Go to Berry & Bro. for fine beaver overcoats.     

    Mr. W. G. Sorter has associated himself with Mr. H. Benning in the wagon-making and blacksmithing business, which will be conducted at Mr. Benning's old stand.  Mr. Sortor will devote his especial attention to ironing buggies and shoeing mules, oxen and horses.  In these departments he has rare skill, attained by long experience.   

      I will pay 1 1/4 cents, each, per pound for 100,000 pounds of oats, delivered in bulk at Pueblo.        J. J. THOMAS.   

      The ladies of Pueblo have entered upon their preparations for having a Christmas tree, on Christmas Eve, in the upper story of Conley's Hall.  In connection with the entertainment, they also propose to give a festival for the benefit of the Methodist Church.  The young people of the town and surrounding country should second their efforts by turning out en masse on the occasion, and preparing to open their hearts and pockets in the most liberal manner.  Those who wish to remember their friends, as is usual on the return of Christmas, are requested to leave their presents at Mr. Rice's tobacco store, whence they will be taken to the hall by a committee having that matter in charge.  The arrangements will be more fully completed next week, when we shall again recur to this subject.    

     A GRAND CONCERT AND BALL will be given by the Pueblo Cornet Band, at Conley's Hall, Christmas Eve, December 24th.  See programme for further particulars.  A full string band will be in attendance.    

     Dr. J. E. Wharton exhibited his Panorama of the Rocky Mountains on last Tuesday evening, at Conley's Hall.  Owing to the fact that the evening was windy, the attendance was not so large as it would otherwise have been.  The series of views which he exhibited illustrates finely the grandeur and loveliness of Rocky Mountain scenery.  We are informed that he proposes to take his Panorama to the States for exhibition, where we trust he will be encouraged as the high character of his enterprise merits.    

     Andrew L. Francisco, Esq., a brother of our well-known fellow-citizen, Col. J. M. Francisco, arrived in Pueblo during the last week.  Mr. Francisco, who has been residing in California, will stay several months in the Territory, and even contemplates establishing his permanent residence in our midst.  We hope he may conclude to do so.    

     The offer of Mr. H. B. Ring, which will be found in our advertising columns, to sell fifty fine Spansih Merino bucks, is one of very great interest to the sheep-growers of Southern Colorado.  Sheep-growing is one of the most important interests of the Territory, and it has heretofore been a subject of regret that no more pains have been taken to improve upon the coarse-wooled sheep common in this Territory and New Mexico.  Mr. Ring's commendable enterprise in this direction ought to meet prompt and decided encouragement at the hands of sheep raisers.  The chance which he offers is not likely to be presented again soon.  This is a subject of public as well as private interest, and we trust that Mr. Ring's blooded stock may very soon be thoroughly distributed through the largest herds of Colorado.  The same gentleman offers for sale a fine lot of Cashmere Goats, ranging from half to full bloods.  Owing to the prevailing scarcity of currency, he proposes to take cattle and brood mares in exchange for this valuable property.    

     Hall's new oyster house and restaurant has a bar attached, where the very best wines, ales and cigars are always on hand.    

     On the Fontaine, near Mr. Terrell's, there is to be a gay and festive gathering of the worshipers of Terpsichore, on Christmas Eve.  Some of our young people, we learn, purpose being in attendance, and we have no doubt they will enjoy the occasion.  Invitations have been issued far and near, and a goodly company are likely to share the festivities of the night.     

    Joel Roe at his feed stable, just above the Planter's House, always has on hand good hay and all kinds of grain.  The best care will be taken of animals entrusted to his keeping.     

    As Christmas approaches, inquiries thicken as to where the best and cheapest articles pertaining to the winter trade may be found.  Messrs. Thatcher Bros. desire to whisper in every body's ear that their assortment is in all respects ample and complete, and that they can and will offer superior inducements to all who will favor them with their trade.  Their fall and winter stock is the largest ever offered in Pueblo.   

      Cooper Bros. desire the especial attention of the public called to their large assortment of copper, tin, and sheet-iron ware, stoves and stove furniture.  For anything in their line of trade, give them a call.   

      Buy your saddles, bridles, harness, etc., of C. J. Hart.  He keeps none but the very best, and will sell at prices that cannot fail to sell.   

      The X-10-U-8 Saloon, Warren & Westover, proprietors, is furnished with a good billiard table, and the choicest of liquors and cigars.  Give them a call, one and all.    

     C. D. Peck has just received at the city market, a lot of fresh oysters which he offers cheap.    

     James Bennoit, jeweler, shop at Cooper Bros. store, is prepared to repair watches and jewelry in the most substantial manner.  From his experience, he feel confident of giving entire satisfaction.    

     We have a lot of clothing and boots and shoes that we will trade for cattle.            W. H. SWEENEY & CO.    

     The Occidental Billiard Saloon, of Lamkins & Chapman, is unrivalled by any like place of resort in Southern Colorado.  Their new and splendid billiard tables cannot fail to please those who love the noble game of billiards, and their choice stock and pure liquors, and assortment of the best cigars, must equally satisfy those who sometimes take forty drops, and who enjoy the flavor of the Virginia weed.  No drugged poisons are sold at their bar, under the specious names of any of the popular beverages.

Colorado Weekly Chieftain, December 30, 1869
               THAT TRIP.     
    "There are smiles and tears in that gathering band,      
      Where the heart is pledged with the trembling hand."      
      On the morning of the 21st of December there was a considerable stir among the bachelors of Pueblo, occasioned by the fact that Mr. G. W. Morgan, a highly esteemed member of the fraternity, was about to desert their ranks.    
        It was a very impressive day.  The Plains were covered with snow and the air was laden with frost; heaven and earth were freezing, and yet these heroic bachelors resolved to run the risk of freezing too, rather than fail of witnessing their friend's departure into another state, and of bidding him a mournful, and, from present prospects, a long farewell.  But one of the large and interesting party of bachelors that rolled out for the Huerfano was so fortunate as to secure the company of a young lady.  The reason given, is a scarcity of this excellent commodity in town, and a certain fearfulness that they might freeze to death on their hands.  The thought was full of horror, even though the result would have been ice-cream or - frozen sweetness.     
       If the lips of any of the members of this party moved not as they rolled over the snow-clad Plains, it was not because their feelings were deep and unutterable, but because their moustaches and chin wiskers were frozen together.  If their eyes were downcast, it was not from sadness, but because they could not look the piercing wind square in the face.  Hence but few observations were made of the scenery along the route.  The following may serve as a sample:     
               SPEECH OF HENRY COOPER.
           "Look over yonder against the western sky!  How well defined are the bold outlines of the Rocky Mountains as seen through the clear cold air of this wintry morning!  How beautifully the snowy crests of the lofty peaks glitter in the dazzling sunlight!  Gaze out upon the boundless Plains covered with the pure white snow!  How solemn and impressive they look when thus laid out in their winding sheet!  But alas! The green grassy carpet that so recently was spread in beauty over the Plains is faded and soiled, and the flowers, the fair young flowers, are dead!    
        "O it seems a thing impossible   
         That earth its glories should repair;   
         That ever this bleak world again      
      Should bright and beauteous mantle wear."      
              A REFUGE.     
       After several hours ride the Pueblo bachelors enter one of the Nature's strong fortresses for the protection of man and beast from the severe gales that occasionally sweep over the ocean-like Plains.  Imagine a circular excavation a half mile in diameter and twenty or thirty feet deep, its banks gently sloping and grass grown, its level bottom thickly set with clumps of trees, and flowing through its midst the crystal waters of the Huerfano, and snugly ensconced in it the commodious residence of Mr. McCormick, and you will have an idea what the writer means by a refuge where the chilling winds of the wintry storm are felt and feared no more.  But not until we were ushered into the parlor, and warmed by the cheerful firelight, and enlivened by the conversation of the convivial bachelors, and delighted with the free and generous hospitality of this splendid family, did we begin to give attention to the scenery.  Scene first:     
               THE BACHELORS.     
       When the wedding guests had all convened we found the large concourse composed, with few exceptions, of Pueblo bachelors, unvexed and unembarrassed by the presence of troublesome young ladies.  It was a funny sight.  When intimation was given that the bridal party was about to enter the parlor, they formed themselves into a rainbow - their collective position representing the bow, their complexions its various colors, and their tears of regret the rain part of this concern.  As they stood in this position, awaiting the entrance upon the stages of the actors in that most beautiful drama of life - the solemnization of matrimony - their thoughtful and breathless stillness was deeply impressive.  It was apparent they felt profoundly for their former companion in single blessedness.  "Ah, rash and inconsiderate young man!" they seemed to say, "did you not know that in these days of woman's rights 'the hymenial altar,' is quite synonymous with 'the submissive halter?'  Alas! alas! that the strong man Sampson should be overmatched by a delicate woman."  
          [Enter the bridal party preceded by the minister.  Bride and bridegroom - Miss Flora Streeter and Mr. G. W. Morgan, Bridesmaid and groom-man - Miss Flora Jennings and Mr. Ferd. Barndollar.]  
                  THE BRIDEGROOM.  
          Mr. Morgan looked happy.  He had the air of a hero rather than that of a captive.  His bearing and expression seemed to say, "veni, vidi, vici."  He had renewed his youth and beauty.  His coat and pants of the forever beautiful and appropriate black, were relieved by white vest, white kids and gold watch chain.  Easy and graceful in position and movement, and just enough excited to give a mental beauty to his features, the bridegroom was quite presentable.  
                  THE BRIDE.  
          Miss Flora Streeter made a fine appearance.  Though slightly under the medium height, her form is beautiful and her carriage graceful.  Her features are finely rounded, her complexion fair, and her large lustrous eyes are shaded by drooping lashes and mellowed by the light of an affectionate spirit.  Her luxuriant growth of dark glossy hair, crowned by a wreath of orange blossoms, hung in long compactly curled ringlets around her shoulders.  She was dressed in a beautiful light pearl colored silk, neatly fitted and tastefully trimed with pearl, and from her head flowed back in beauty a white elusion veil, trailing gracefully just beyond the sweep of her train.  After the marriage came  
                  THE SUPPER.  
          This was a grand affair.  The massive, sugar-coated, flower decked cakes were beautiful to behold and delicious to taste.  There was a fine variety of the choicest delicacies, splendidly served and highly enjoyed by the hungry guests.  The arrangement of the table was finely artistic, and was its own encomium of the fine minds that planned and the fair hands that arranged it.  
                  THE BACHELORS DISPOSED OF.  
          After supper several hours were spent in joyful festivity when the last event of the evening transpired, namely - the disposition of the bachelors for the night.  Nice feather beds and mattresses were spread over the parlor floor, and the bachelors in twos, (with the exception of the bachelor minister, who was left alone in his glory,) wrapped the drapery of their couches about them and laid down to talk and laugh.  After a season, however,
           "Sleep droops his plumy, snow-soft wings,
           He waves his balmy hand,
           And wide the gate of silence swings
           That guards the shadowy land."
    And the bachelors enter, to see visions of beautiful sweethearts, hymenial altars, splendid suppers and domestic felicity.  
                  THE RETURN.
           Next morning a long procession of buggies headed for Pueblo.  The bridegroom, with his accomplished bride, took the lead, and the poor bachelors mournfully followed.  Arriving in town his friends conducted Mr. Morgan and his wife to their cosy cottage, beautifully furnished, and bade them an affectionate adieu, with earnest wishes for their future happiness.  We close by suggesting to Mr. Morgan a "New Year's Address" for his Christmas gift:  
          "My bride.    
        My wife, my life! O we will walk this world    
        Yoked in all exercise of noble aim,     
       And so through those dark gates across the wild     
       That no man knows."     
               A. BACH.

to the Pueblo County Index Page.

Please e-mail comments and suggestions to Karen Mitchell© Karen Mitchell